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- African-American Pamphlets (1818 - 1907)
- Timeline of African-American History (1852 - 1880)
- Timeline of African-American History (1881 - 1900)
- Timeline of African-American History (1901 - 1925)
- -African-American History (Library of Congress)
Uses treasures, key historical documents in the Library of Congress, to weave a story on the history of African-Americans in the United States. 2-01
- -07-22-09 Police Sergeant Enters African-American Home Uninvited (The Boston Globe)
"Gates’s lawyer and Harvard colleague, Charles Ogletree, said what angered his client was that the police officer stepped inside Gates’s Ware Street house, uninvited, to demand identification and question him."
"Gates showed his Harvard identification and Massachusetts drivers license with his home address, Ogletree said, adding, 'Even after presentation of ID, the officer was still questioning his presence.' "
"Said Bobo: 'The whole interaction should have ended right there, but I guess that wasn’t enough. The officer felt he hadn’t been deferred to sufficiently.' " 07-09
- -07-22-09 Police Sergeant Enters African-American Home Uninvited (CNN News)
" 'It seems eerily ironic Mr. Gates was returning from China, where surveillance is so high and freedom of speech and ideas so curtailed,' Walker said. 'To see the mugshot of Skip was a blow to all of us who feel some sense of safety based on our work to try to mend all of these broken fences in America -- to make ourselves into people who refuse to be limited by race and class and gender and everything else.' "
" 'To end up, at the end of the day, treated like a criminal, unjustly stripped of our accomplishments and contributions even if only for a moment, is profoundly disturbing. We must ask ourselves what it means, and to allow ourselves to face various scenarios regarding power and freedom and how these will intersect in the coming years.' " 07-09
- African-American Travel Guide for the 1950's (CNN News)
""The Green Book," as it was known, was first published in 1936. Initially, it pointed out friendly restaurants and hotels in New York. It eventually expanded to include everything from lodging and gas stations to tailor shops and doctor's offices across the nation, as well as in Bermuda, Mexico and Canada." 02-11
- African-American History (Schooltube.com)
Teachers provide tutorials on videos. 09-12
- Women Writers of Color (University of Minnesota)
Provides biographies of women writers who are African-American, Asian-American, Hispanic, Chicana, Latina, Indigenous, or Native American.
- Assessments of Nonprofit Organizations - Top Rated (CharityWatch.org)
Provides a grade for the top rated organizations in of the major areas of giving. The categories include Abortion and Family Planning, Hispanic, African-American, Homelessness and Housing, Aids, Human Rights, American Indian, Human Services, Animal Protection, Hunger, Asia and Asian-American, International Relief and Development, Blind and Visually-Impaired, Jewish and Israel, Cancer, Literacy, Child Protection, Mental Health and Retardation, Child Sponsorship, Peace and International Relations, Civil Rights and Advocacy, Population Planning, Consumer Protection and Legal Aid, Public Policy, Crime Prevention, Terminally Ill, Disabled, Veterans and Military, Drug and Alcohol Abuse, Women's Rightts, Environment, Youth Development, Gun Control (Pro and Con), Youth-Residential Care, and Health-General. 11-01
- Faith-Based Environmentalism (EMagazine)
"One factor in the resurgence of faith-based environmentalism is the 1993 founding of the National Religious Partnership for the Environment (NRPE) by a former radio talk show host and spokesperson for New York City’s Episcopal Cathedral of St. John the Divine named Paul Gorman (see sidebar interview). NRPE quickly proved its effectiveness by joining together and helping educate such disparate and mainstream bodies as the U.S. Catholic Conference (the policy agency for all Catholic bishops, clergy and parishes), the National Council of Churches of Christ (a federation of Protestant, Eastern Orthodox and African-American denominations), the Coalition on the Environment and Jewish Life (COEJL, an alliance across all four Jewish movements) and the Evangelical Environmental Network (a coalition of evangelical Christian agencies and institutions)." 5-03
- Forbes, James Alexander (NOW with Bill Moyers)
"In their March 4, 1996 issue, Newsweek magazine recognized Forbes as one of the 12 'most effective preachers' in the English-speaking world. He was designated as one of America’s greatest Black preachers by Ebony magazine in 1984 and 1993. Forbes won the Alumni Charter Day Award of Howard University for Distinguished Post Graduate Achievement In Ministry. In 1995 he emerged in the Baylor University Survey as one of twelve remarkable and most effective preachers in the English-speaking world."
"On June 1, 1989, The Rev. Dr. James Alexander Forbes, Jr. was installed as the fifth Senior Minister of The Riverside Church. Forbes is the first African-American to serve as Senior Minister of one of the largest multicultural congregations in the nation. He is an ordained minister in the American Baptist Churches and the Original United Holy Church of America." 12-03
- 06-26-04 Farenheit 9/11 Goes After Bush (MSNBC.com)
"Michael Moore’s scathing indictment of the Bush administration, 'Fahrenheit 9/11,' winner of the top prize at this year’s Cannes Film Festival, doesn’t break a lot of new ground."
"The freshest ammunition in Moore’s arsenal is a camcorder tape of Bush’s ultra-delayed reaction to the news that the World Trade Center had been hit by terrorists. On the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, Bush was reading to kids at a Florida elementary school. After being informed of the attacks, Bush froze and continued with the classroom lesson — for nearly seven minutes."
"But there’s a somber quality to the film’s second half, as the cost of the Iraq war becomes harder to hide. Interviews with fed-up American soldiers and furious Iraqi citizens are particularly chilling. So is Moore’s talk with a woman who lost her disillusioned son in Iraq and tearily confesses that she should have been paying more attention to the reasons he went."
" 'Fahrenheit 9/11' isn’t entirely designed to skewer the current administration. Democrats are chastised for voting for the war and for not challenging the Supreme Court’s decision to anoint Bush, while senators of both parties are condemned for not backing African-American Congressmen who questioned the Florida election. Moore’s final hope, delivered in a non-partisan spirit, is that 'we won’t get fooled again.' ” 6-04
- 11-29-04 Jackson: Kerry Supports Full Investigation in Ohio (FreePress.org)
"John Kerry supports a 'full investigation' into voting irregularities in Ohio, Rev. Jesse Jackson said Saturday, during a teleconference with media regarding a recount and legal challenge of the Nov. 2 vote."
" 'We want to look at the exit polls,' Jackson said, referring to at least two non-partisan Election Day polls, by Zogby and CNN, which gave Kerry 53 percent and 51 percent of the vote, respectively. 'We don’t want to be presumptuous, but these numbers in the Butler, Clarmont, Warren and Hamilton counties are suspicious.' ”
"By suspicious, Jackson is referring to the latest analysis of the Nov. 2 vote by a coalition of Ohio voting rights activists. In analyzing the still-unofficial results, the totals reveal that C. Ellen Connally, an African-American Democratic candidate from Cleveland for Ohio Chief Justice, received 257,000 more votes than Kerry. It is highly improbable that Connally’s vote totals would be so much higher than Kerry’s,' Fitrakis said."
" 'Statistically, Kerry, as the Democratic presidential candidate, should have more votes than Connally. In a presidential election, most voters have the priority of casting a vote for president and the votes for president are almost always much higher than those of candidates farther down the ticket.' " 11-04
- Cole, Nat "King" (InfoPlease.com)
Provides a biography of the singer and composer. "He was one of the first African-American artists to star in a radio show (1948–49), and in 1956 he became the first African American to host a network television show. His daughter Natalie (Maria) Cole,. 1950–, b. Los Angeles, is also a popular singer." 1-05
- Cosby, Bill (InfoPlease.com)
"He became known as a comedian and was subsequently the first African-American actor to star in a dramatic series on television (I Spy, 1965–68). He has since starred in several television series, most notably the situation comedy The Cosby Show (1984–92), the most popular program on American television during the late 1980s. Cosby has won numerous Emmy awards and written several books, including Fatherhood (1986). He was inducted (1992) into the Television Hall of Fame, and six years later he was awarded a presidential medal." 1-05
- Farrakhan, Louis (InfoPlease.com)
"In 1995 he was one of the chief organizers of the Million Man March, a day of renewal for African-American men in Washington, D.C." 1-05
- Walker, Alice (InfoPlease.com)
"African-American novelist and poet, b. Eatonon, Ga. She brings her travel experience in Africa and memories of the American civil-rights movement to an examination of the experience of African Americans, mainly in the South, and of Africans." 1-05
- Marshall, Thurgood (Wikipedia.org)
"Thurgood Marshall (July 2, 1908 - January 24, 1993) was the first African-American justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was known for his liberal and pro-Civil rights positions." 1-05
- Douglass, Frederick (Wikipedia.org)
"Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, c. 1818 – February 20, 1895) was an American abolitionist, editor, orator, author, statesman and reformer. Called 'The Sage of Anacostia' and 'The Lion of Anacostia,' Douglass was the most prominent African-American of his time, and one of the most influential lecturers and authors in American history." 8-05
- Douglass, Frederick (Library of Congress)
"The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress presents the papers of the nineteenth-century African-American abolitionist who escaped from slavery and then risked his own freedom by becoming an outspoken antislavery lecturer, writer, and publisher. The release of the Douglass Papers, from the Library of Congress's Manuscript Division, contains approximately 7,400 items (38,000 images) relating to Douglass' life as an escaped slave, abolitionist, editor, orator, and public servant. The papers span the years 1841 to 1964, with the bulk of the material from 1862 to 1895. The collection consists of correspondence, speeches and articles by Douglass and his contemporaries, a draft of his autobiography, financial and legal papers, scrapbooks, and miscellaneous items." 8-05
- Morrison, Toni (African American Literature Book Club)
"Toni Morrison born 1931 in Lorain, Ohio, is perhaps the most celebrated contemporary American novelist. Awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1993, Morrison powerfully evokes in her fiction the legacies of displacement and slavery that have been bequeathed to the African-American community. Morrison was born in Ohio, educated at Howard University and Cornell University, and is now a member of the faculty of Princeton University. Her most widely read novel is perhaps Beloved (1987), which won the Pulitzer Prize and was recently adapted for film. Song of Solomon (1977), which won the 1978 National Book Critics Award for fiction, is perhaps the most lyrical of her novels." 12-05
- Girls Arriving at Puberty at Younger Ages (ABC News)
"Nearly half of African-American girls start showing signs of puberty by 8 years old, and some American girls are developing as young as 5, even 4 years old, experts say." 10-06
- Kennedy, Robert F. (Wikipedia.org)
"Robert Francis 'Bobby' Kennedy (November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), also called RFK, was one of two younger brothers of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and served as United States Attorney General from 1961 to 1964. He was one of President Kennedy's most trusted advisors and worked closely with the president during the Cuban Missile Crisis. His contribution to the African-American Civil Rights Movement is sometimes considered his greatest legacy." 11-06
- Testing for Hidden Racial Bias (MSNBC News)
"While Don Imus has apologized for his racial slurs, he insists he’s not a racist. But is it possible that virtually all of us have a hidden racial bias, hidden even from ourselves? Several years ago Dateline brought together two groups of volunteers, African-American and white, who agreed to take a test, scientifically designed to answer just that question." 04-07
- -04-23-08 A Democratic Primary With No End (Time.com)
"If an Obama collapse of the sort Clinton needs to gain the nomination was ever going to happen, it was in that month and a half between Ohio and Pennsylvania. Yet despite increased criticism and scrutiny, Obama has expanded his lead over Clinton in national polls. He cut her margin in Pennsylvania down to 10 points, and he actually improved his performance from Ohio in the demographic groups he needed to demonstrate he could win: voters with no college education or those over 65, white men, those making less than $50,000, and self-described conservatives."
"Even so, the real winner of the Democratic race in Pennsylvania is John McCain. The most significant number coming out of Tuesday night wasn't Clinton's 10 point margin of victory, but 43. That's the percentage of Clinton voters who say they would stay home or vote for McCain if Obama is the party's nominee in November. It is no longer just the Chicken Littles within the party who openly worry about an outcome that leaves large blocks of women or African-Americans frustrated and alienated." 04-08
- Obama Wins Historic Victory (Time.com)
"Praising Clinton and attacking McCain. This is what the near term will be about for Barack Obama."
"First, Clinton. Obama made little reference to the historic nature of his victory as the first African-American to win a major party nomination on Tuesday night, but he gave a passionate homage to his vanquished rival, noting the barriers she broke as a candidate and her critical advocacy for universal health care." 06-08
- Obama Makes History (Christian Science Monitor)
"He's first African-American to head presidential ticket of a major party, winning Democrats' long war of attrition." 06-08
- Obama's Victory Speech (ABC News)
Provides the full text of Barack Obama's victory speech after becoming the first African-American to lead the presidential ticket of a major political party. 06-08
- -07-10-08 AMA Apologizes for Bias (CNN News)
"The American Medical Association, the nation's largest organization of physicians, apologized Thursday for its history of discriminatory policies toward African-American physicians, including those that effectively restricted membership to whites." 07-08
- Winfrey, Oprah Gail (Academy of Achievement)
"She is one of the partners in Oxygen Media, Inc., a cable channel and interactive network presenting programming designed primarily for women. In 2000, Oprah's Angel Network began presenting a $100,000 'Use Your Life Award' to people who are using their lives to improve the lives of others. When Forbes magazine published its list of America's billionaires for the year 2003, it disclosed that Oprah Winfrey was the first African-American woman to become a billionaire." 09-08
- -11-04-08 Obama Wins (CNN News)
"The Illinois senator will become the first African-American to win the presidency." 11-08
- Editorial: The Meaning of Obama's Win (Time.com)
"Remember this day, parents told their children as they took them out of school to go see an African-American candidate make history. An election in one of the world's oldest democracies looked like the kind they hold in brand-new ones, when citizens finally come out and dance, a purple-thumb day, a velvet revolution." 11-08
- -001 Worldwide Hopes Soar for Obama's Presidency (MSNBC News)
"A world made weary by war, recession, joblessness and fear shed its collective burden Tuesday to celebrate the arrival of a new American president. Bulls and goats were slaughtered for feasts in Kenya and caterers prepared for black-tie balls in the capitals of Europe."
"From Kenya and Indonesia, where Barack Obama has family ties, to areas around the world, Obama represented a volcanic explosion of hope for better days ahead."
"The ascendance of the first African-American to the presidency of the United States was heralded as marking a new era of tolerance and possibility." 01-09
- -07-19-09 Black Philadelphia Police Sue Over Message Board (CNN News)
"A group of black Philadelphia police officers filed a federal lawsuit Thursday against their department, alleging an online forum geared toward city police is 'infested with racist, white supremacist and anti-African-American content.' "
"The suit alleges white officers post on and moderate the privately operated site, Domelights.com, both on and off the job." 07-09
- Barack Obama Wins Nobel Peace Prize (New York Times)
"President Obama was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for his 'extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples,' a stunning honor that came less than nine months after he made United States history by becoming the country’s first African-American president." 10-07
- -02-12-10 How to Live 100 Years (Time.com)
"There's no denying that longer life expectancy is swelling the number of seniors — people over age 65 — in our population. But it's the fastest-growing subset of that superannuated group that proves the most interesting for researchers — those over age 85, in particular the centenarians born in the late 1800s, who have lived through the 1918 flu pandemic, the Great Depression and both world wars; have witnessed women's suffrage and the moon landings; and are still here, keeping up with world events during the Administration of the nation's first African-American President."
"In the most recent Census, health officials predicted that by 2050, more than 800,000 Americans would be pushing into their second century of life." 02-10
- Horne: Lena Horne Dies at 92 (Time.com)
"Gorgeous, gifted and preternaturally poised, the 24-year-old actress-singer came to Hollywood in 1941 and quickly became the first African-American movie star." 05-10
- -12-15-11 Church Leaders Join "Occupy" Movement (CNN News)
"A group of African-American church leaders announced Wednesday their intention to join ranks with the Occupy movement in the nation's capital, bolstering what some consider a mutual message of condemning income inequality and social injustice." 12-11
- Davis, Ernie Biography (Wikipedia.org)
"Ernest "Ernie" Davis (December 14, 1939 – May 18, 1963) was an American football running back and the first African-American athlete to win the Heisman Trophy. Wearing number 44, Davis competed collegiately for Syracuse University before being drafted by the Washington Redskins, then almost immediately traded to the Cleveland Browns in December 1961. However, he would never play a professional game, as he was diagnosed with leukemia in 1962. He is the subject of the 2008 Universal Pictures movie biography The Express, based on the non-fiction book Ernie Davis: The Elmira Express, by Robert C. Gallagher." 03-12
- -07-10-12 Attorney General Slams the Texas Voter ID Law (Christian Science Monitor)
"Eric Holder, addressing a national NAACP convention in Houston, pledged to aggressively enforce voting and other civil rights laws and compared the Texas voter ID law to an illegal poll tax."
"The attorney general said the Texas law permits concealed handgun licenses as a valid voter ID but not student IDs."
"He added that a recent national study had shown that while roughly 8 percent of white voting-age citizens lack government issued photo ID, 25 percent of prospective voters who are African-American do not possess acceptable identification." 07-12
- -07-30-12 Surprising New Information on President Obama's Ancestry (CBS News)
" 'President Obama is the 11th great-grandson of John Punch, who was the first documented African to be enslaved for life in the American colonies,' says Joseph Shumway, a genealogist at Ancestry.com."
"He says the president's white mother is a direct descendant of the first known slave in the American colonies through a family by the name of Bunch.”
" 'Because of the color of his skin and his father's background, he was African-American,' Maraniss points out. 'But culturally, he was not. He had to learn it. ... He's never been easy to pigeonhole. That's part of the attraction and mystery of Barack Obama.' " 07-12
- -08-02-12 How Gabby Douglas Became the All-Around Gymnastics Champion (Time.com)
"Already a gold medalist with the US women’s gymnastics team, Douglas earned the all-around title as well, becoming the first African-American to do so and the first US gymnast to claim both the team and all-around gold medals in a single Games." 08-12
- Mentoring Guides and Research (Public-Private Ventures)
Provides preferred usage for words at the bottom of the page. For example, the recommended spelling for "African American" as a noun is different from "African-American" artist, when it is used as an adjective. 10-02
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