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Presidential Election 2004

  1. Democracy and Mass Media (
      Provides articles regarding the role of mass media in political campaigns. 5-04

  1. -09-01-04 Kerry Vows to "Win War" on Terrorism (CNN News)
      "Speaking to the American Legion national convention Wednesday, Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry said that despite an earlier statement by President Bush, the United States can and will win the war against terrorism." 8-04

  2. -09-02-04 Republican National Convention - Bush to Speak (CNN News)
      "Despite a solid first three days, the likely impact of the Republican National Convention will not be determined until President Bush's speech Thursday night."

      "Almost every major speaker has addressed the war on terror and sought to portray the president's decision to go to war in Iraq as a necessary step in that fight."

      "But from Sen. John McCain to Vice President Dick Cheney, no one has aggressively and at length defended the president's economic record." 8-04

  3. -09-02-04 Republican National Convention - Bush to Speak (CNN News)
      "President Bush set out immediately to remind the Republican faithful of his purpose in delivering the final address of his party's national convention."

      "Bush said his plans for a second term cover changes relating to taxes, education, economic development and Social Security."

      " 'To create jobs, my plan will encourage investment and expansion by restraining federal spending, reducing regulation, and making tax relief permanent," Bush said. 'To stand with workers in poor communities and those that have lost manufacturing, textile, and other jobs we will create American opportunity zones. In these areas, we'll provide tax relief and other incentives to attract new business, and improve housing and job training to bring hope and work throughout all of America.' " 8-04

  4. -09-07-04 Record Deficit Reported by Congressional Budget Office (MSNBC News)
      "The Congressional Budget Office projected Tuesday that this election-year’s federal deficit will hit a record $422 billion, a shortfall that would be smaller than analysts predicted earlier this year." 9-04

  5. -09-13-04 Kerry Criticizes Bush for Loss of Weapons Ban (BBC News)
      "The US Democrat presidential candidate has attacked President Bush for failing to push for the renewal of a 10-year ban on private use of assault weapons."

      " 'So, tomorrow for the first time in 10 years when a killer walks into a gun shop, when a terrorist goes to a gun show somewhere in America, when they want to purchase an AK-47 or some other military assault weapon, they're going to hear one word: "Sure", he [Kerry] said.' "

      "The 1994 ban covered 19 different types of military assault weapons, including AK-47, Kalashnikov and Uzi rifles, as well as high-capacity ammunition magazines holding more than 10 rounds."

      "In order to get the measure through Congress, Mr Clinton agreed to demands for a vote to be held after 10 years to confirm the ban."

      "However, Republicans, who now control both houses of Congress, refused to schedule such a vote." 9-04

  6. -09-14-04 New Claims of Torture (Guardian Unlimited)
      "Allegations that American soldiers routinely tortured and maltreated detainees have emerged from a third Iraqi city, renewing fears that abuse similar to that inflicted in Abu Ghraib jail in Baghdad has been systematic and widespread. " 9-04

  7. -09-15-04 Annan: U.S. Invasion of Iraq Illegal (Guardian Unlimited)
      "The United Nations secretary general, Kofi Annan, declared explicitly for the first time last night that the US-led war on Iraq was illegal. Mr Annan said that the invasion was not sanctioned by the UN security council or in accordance with the UN's founding charter."

      "No immediate comment was available from the White House late last night, but American officials have defended the war as an act of self-defence, allowed under the UN charter, in view of Saddam Hussein's supposed plans to build weapons of mass destruction."

      "However, last September, Mr Annan issued a stern critique of the notion of pre-emptive self-defence, saying it would lead to a breakdown in international order. Mr Annan last night said that there should have been a second UN resolution specifically authorising war against Iraq. Mr Blair and Mr Straw tried to secure this second resolution early in 2003 in the run-up to the war but were unable to convince a sceptical security council."

      "Mr Annan said the security council had warned Iraq in resolution 1441 there would be "consequences" if it did not comply with its demands. But he said it should have been up to the council to determine what those consequences were." 9-04

  8. -09-15-04 Senate Committee Blocks Bush Overtime Rules (USA Today)
      "A Senate committee defied President Bush and voted Wednesday to derail new federal overtime rules that critics say would prevent 6 million American workers from getting the bonus pay."

      "The language was offered by Sen. Tom Harkin, D- Iowa, who said new Bush administration overtime rules that took effect on Aug. 23 would deny the extra pay to many workers who had received it."

      "Harkin said the new rules are "anti-worker, anti-job growth, and anything but family friendly." 9-04

  9. -09-16-04 U.S. Intelligence Gloomy on Iraq (MSNBC News)
      "A U.S. intelligence report prepared for President Bush in July offered a gloomy outlook for Iraq through the end of 2005, with the worst scenario being a deterioration into civil war, government officials said Thursday." 9-04

  10. -09-17-04 Polls: Tied Again (
      "President George W. Bush is in a statistical tie in three of four national polls with Democratic nominee John Kerry, who trailed by as much as 11 percentage points after the Republican National Convention." 9-04

  11. -09-17-04 Republican Hagel: Deep Trouble in Iraq (
      "The U.S. is 'in deep trouble in Iraq' and needs help from allies in the region to secure the country and more economic development to win support from Iraqis, Republican Senator Charles Hagel said." 9-04

  12. -09-20-04 Bush Political Strategist Rove Sees Progress (Washington Times)
      "President Bush expects to help Republicans gain up to four Senate seats and seven House seats in November and already is running Sen. John Kerry out of states that had been considered battlegrounds, White House political strategist Karl Rove said yesterday." 9-04

  13. -09-24-04 Kerry Has the Edge in Electoral Votes (
      "President George W. Bush's lead over Democratic challenger John Kerry shrank to 4 percentage points or less in five national polls released this week. Two state-by- state polls gave Kerry an edge in the electoral votes needed to win the election." 9-04

  14. -09-27-04 Bush Has Advantage for Debates (
      " 'The history of Bush is he has consistently surprised people by how well he has debated,'' Lehane said. 'Most voters are looking at these things the same way they watch "Friends," not the way that one would watch a Harvard-Yale Society debate. They are looking to see who connects with them as a person.' " 9-04

  15. -09-28-04 High Stakes for the Debates (CNN News)
      "The presidential debates present both opportunity and peril for the two top candidates, with Sen. John Kerry hoping a strong performance spurs a decisive rally and President Bush aiming to seal his re-election." 9-04

  16. -10-13-04 Bush vs. Kerry (Third Debate) - Fact Check (CBS News)
      Provides an examination of false statements made by each candidate. 10-04

  17. -10-13-04 Bush vs. Kerry (Third Debate) - Who Won? (MSNBC News)
      Provides results from an online survey. It is not a scientific survey. 10-04

  18. -10-13-04 Bush vs. Kerry (Third Debate) Video Samples (MSNBC News)
      Provides some of the key portions of statements of the candidates. 10-04

  19. -10-14-04 Bush vs. Kerry (Third Debate) - Video (C-SPAN)
      Provides the entire video of the debate. 10-04

  20. -10-18-04 Getting Out the Vote for the Winner (USA Today)
      "With the televised debates behind them, President Bush and Sen. John Kerry have little opportunity to shape further the presidential race except by waging an intense effort in the home stretch aimed at getting out the vote." 10-04

  21. -10-19-04 Flu Supplies Fragile (
      "In May 2001, the GAO warned that manufacturing difficulties that delayed vaccine shipments up to eight weeks during the 2000- 2001 flu season 'illustrate the fragility of the system to produce a new flu vaccine each year on a timely basis.'' The government also lacked a system 'to ensure that high-risk people have priority when the supply of vaccine is short.' "

      "Janet Heinrich, the GAO's director for health-care and public health issues, repeated that warning Sept. 28 in testimony delivered to Congress. She also said that the Health and Human Services Department's plan for dealing with a possible flu outbreak 'leaves many important decisions about the purchase, distribution and administration of vaccines unresolved.' " 10-04

  22. -10-19-04 Muslim Americans Shift Support (Fox News)
      "George W. Bush (search) may have received overwhelming support from the Muslim American community in the 2000 presidential election against Al Gore, but it looks like he has lost a lot of ground within the community this year."

      "Zogby International and Georgetown University's Project MAPS (search) on Tuesday released a survey that showed, despite the fact that a plurality of Muslims supported Bush in 2000, 76 percent now support Massachusetts Sen. John Kerry (search) and only 7 percent support the incumbent." 10-04

  23. -10-21-04 Leading Economic Indicators Down (USA Today)
      "The Index of Leading Economic Indicators, a widely watched barometer of future economic activity, edged lower in September for the fourth month in a row, indicating a slowing in economic growth, a private research group reported Thursday." 10-04

  24. -10-24-04 New Voters - the Unknown (MSNBC News)
      "But the biggest mobilization in modern presidential politics cannot answer the big question that could determine the outcome of the race between President Bush and Sen. John F. Kerry: Is there an invisible army of voters out there — and if there is, will it tip the balance toward the incumbent or the challenger?" 10-04

  25. -10-25-04 Explosives Missing (Fox News)
      "The Iraqi interim government believes that more than 380 tons of dangerous explosives are missing from a military installation south of Baghdad, FOX News confirmed Monday."

      "HMX and RDX are key ingredients in plastic explosives such as C-4 (search) and Semtex (search) — substances so powerful that Libyan terrorists needed just 1 pound to blow up Pan Am Flight 103 (search) over Lockerbie, Scotland, in 1988, killing 170 people."

      "The Iraqis told the nuclear agency the materials had been stolen and looted because of a lack of security at governmental installations, IAEA spokesman Melissa Fleming said." 10-04

  26. -10-27-04 Bush and Kerry Tied (
      "U.S. President George W. Bush and Democratic Senator John Kerry are statistically tied nationwide in an online Harris Poll, erasing an advantage for Bush in the same election poll of a week ago." 10-04

  27. -10-27-04 Missing Explosives - Why GIs Did Not Secure Them (CBS News)
      "The first U.S. military units to reach the Al-Qaqaa military installation south of Baghdad after the invasion of Iraq did not have orders to search for some 350 tons of explosives that are now said to be missing from the site."

      "Two weeks ago, Iraq's Ministry of Science and Technology told the International Atomic Energy Agency that the explosives had vanished from the former military installation as a result of 'theft and looting ... due to lack of security.' The ministry's letter said the explosives were stolen sometime after coalition forces took control of Baghdad on April 9, 2003."

      "The Al-Qaqaa explosives included HMX and RDX, key components in plastic explosives, which insurgents in Iraq have used in repeated bomb attacks on U.S.-led multinational forces and Iraqi police and national guardsmen. But HMX is also a 'dual use' substance powerful enough to ignite the fissile material in an atomic bomb and set off a nuclear chain reaction."

      "The White House says the unit responsible for searching for weapons of mass destruction has been directed to find out what happened."

      "Charles Duelfer, the head of that unit, told CBS News Tuesday that he has not received any orders to go looking for the missing explosives and doesn't think he should." 10-04

  28. -10-27-04 The Economy and the Vote (Washington Times)
      "Next week's election is shaping up as a referendum on the Republican way of running government and the economy, thanks to President Bush's success in securing enactment of most of his economic program."

      "Despite the predictable bonanza for corporate America, the results were disappointing for the White House, which had gambled that the tax cuts for corporations and high-income households would spur more business expansion and hiring." 10-04

  29. -10-28-04 Campaign Ad Costs (CNN News)
      Provides copies of ads and a map of where most ads are being placed for the presidential election. Also identifies political groups supplying ads. 10-04

  30. -10-29-04 Missing Explosives - Video Shows U.S. Soldiers Checking Them (
      "Explosives that went missing from Iraq's al-Qaqaa facility were still present after the U.S.-led invasion, according to ABC News, which aired a videotape shot at the site last year by a network affiliate." 10-04

  31. -Debate Checklist (MSNBC News - Fineman)
      Fineman suggests ways each candidate must perform to do well with the American public during the debates. 9-04

  32. -News on the Election (CNN News)
      Provides news related to the presidential election of 2004. Includes an election calendar of events each month, information on the flow of money, issues, polls, news on candidates, and a timeline. 12-03

  33. -Sinclair Group and Federal Law (
      "Airing a blatantly partisan film that attacks a specific candidate, as scheduled content, over PUBLIC AIRWAYS is against FCC regulations and FEC election law."

      "Electioneering Restrictions and Disclosure Under The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA), state: 'funds from corporations (whether nonprofit or for-profit entities) and unions may not be used to pay for "electioneering communications", which are broadcast, cable, or satellite communications that:

      - refer to a clearly identified Federal candidate,

      - are broadcast within 60 days before the general election of the candidate or within 30 days before the party primary, convention, or caucus that nominates the candidate,

      - are targeted to the "relevant electorate," i.e., over 50,000 persons in the State or district that the candidate seeks to represent.' "

      "Exemptions are provided for news stories, commentaries, editorials, and candidate debates and forums. BCRA gives the FEC authority to make additional exemptions, so long as they do not promote, support, attack, or oppose a Federal candidate." 10-04

  34. 01-24-04 Poll: Kerry Leads Bush (Bloomberg)
      "Senator John Kerry of Massachusetts has taken a national lead among Democratic presidential hopefuls and pulled ahead of President George W. Bush in a head-to-head match-up, according to a Newsweek poll." 1-04

  35. 01-27-04 Kerry Wins on Health Care and the Economy (CNN News)
      "Sen. John Kerry attracted New Hampshire primary voters on the key issues of health care and the economy, according to exit polls." 1-04

  36. 01-30-04 Poll: Bush and Kerry Tied - It's the Economy (
      "Support for Kerry and the president split along party lines. Just 3 percent of Republicans don't support the president and 11 percent of Democrats don't back Kerry. Independents remain divided, with 55 percent backing Kerry and 39 percent backing Bush." 1-04

  37. 02-02-04 Kerry's Sources of Funds (MSNBC News)
      "Over the years, reports the nonpartisan Center for Public Integrity, Kerry has raised more than $30 million for his Senate campaigns. A good portion has come from industries with an interest in the committees on which Kerry has a seat—including more than $3 million from financial firms (Kerry serves on the Senate Finance Committee)." 1-04

  38. 02-02-04 Poll: Kerry Leads Bush (CNN News)
      "Sen. John Kerry, the front-runner among Democrats vying for their party's presidential nomination, leads President Bush in a head-to-head matchup, according to a CNN-USA Today-Gallup poll released Monday."

      "Kerry was the overwhelming choice of registered Democrats for the presidential nomination. Support for Kerry as the Democratic nominee stood at 49 percent, compared to 14 percent for Dean and 13 percent for Edwards. The other Democratic candidates were in the single digits."

      "A majority of those polled now say they disapprove of Bush's handing of the economy, foreign affairs, the situation in Iraq and health care." 1-04

  39. 02-05-04 Dean - Wisconsin Test (
      "Former Vermont Governor Howard Dean said he may be forced to quit the Democratic presidential nomination race if he doesn't win the Feb. 17 Wisconsin primary."

      "Dean said Tuesday his comeback strategy is to continue accumulating delegates to the Democratic National Convention while staying in the race at least through March 2, when voters in California, New York, Ohio and seven other states vote."

      "A candidate needs 2,162 delegates to win the party nomination. Based on primary and caucus votes so far, Kerry has 176 delegates, followed by Edwards with 86, Clark with 50 and Dean with 24."

      "In addition, there are 802 so-called super delegates, state party leaders, activists and elected officials who are not bound by the results of primaries or caucuses." 1-04

  40. 02-08-04 Bush: Iraq Was Not an 'Imminent Threat' (
      "President George W. Bush said chemical and biological weapons Iraq may have possessed were a danger even if the threat wasn't imminent and that former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein might have disposed of them before the war." 2-04

  41. 02-08-04 U.S. May Have Found Saddam's Money (Guardian Unlimited)
      "The United States believes it has found at least $300 million Saddam Hussein hid in banks, yet doesn't have enough evidence to get countries such as Syria and Switzerland to hand over the money, U.S. and European officials told The Associated Press."

      "Much to the frustration of the Bush administration, countries that acted quickly on relatively weak evidence involving al-Qaida funds have been unwilling to do the same on Iraq, partly because of growing doubts about the quality of U.S. intelligence."

      "Were the account held in a U.S. bank, federal authorities wouldn't need any more evidence than they already have because the Patriot Act, passed after Sept. 11, 2001, gives them expanded powers of search and seizure." 2-04

  42. 02-09-04 Deficit - Bush Seeks to Borrow Additional $1 Trillion (Washington Times)
      "President Bush, saying the economic recovery is firmly in place, yesterday proposed adding $1 trillion to the national debt to fund the cost of shifting to a partially privatized Social Security system." 2-04

  43. 02-09-04 Poll: Kerry Leads in Tennessee and Virginia (
      "Almost half the Democratic voters in Virginia and Tennessee favor John Kerry to be their presidential nominee, according to new polls that show the Massachusetts senator solidifying his front-runner status."

      "Both states hold primaries tomorrow."

      "Tomorrow's primaries will test Kerry's appeal in the South against two southerners, Senator John Edwards of North Carolina and Retired General Wesley Clark of Arkansas. " 2-04

  44. 02-12-04 Powell and Rice Attempt to Defend Attack of Iraq (CNN News)
      "Two top members of President Bush's Cabinet Wednesday defended his decision to invade Iraq despite finding no weapons of mass destruction there."

      "U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell presented his spirited defense during testimony Wednesday before the House International Relations Committee."

      "His appearance before the panel came as Democratic critics and others have raised questions about prewar intelligence on Iraq's weapons programs and the president's judgment in taking the nation to war."

      "At Wednesday's hearing, Rep. Gary Ackerman, D-New York, lectured Powell with a withering attack on the Bush administration, saying the president is using 'shifting justifications for the war' and 'refuses to take personal responsibility for what is at best an intelligence disaster.' "

      " 'The truth was murdered before the first shot was fired' in Iraq, he said, and the president now suffers 'a complete lack of credibility.' " 2-04

  45. 02-13-04 National Guard Officer Claims Bush Personnel Records Were "Trashed" (CNN News)
      "A former officer in the Texas National Guard said Thursday he once overheard a conversation in which there was a request to sanitize President Bush's Guard records during Bush's tenure as Texas governor."

      "Soon afterward, he said, he saw Bush's Guard performance review in a trash can. Bush served in the Texas Air National Guard during the Vietnam War era." 2-04

  46. 02-21-04 Same-Sex Marriage - Bush Backs Constitutional Ban (
      "U.S. President George W. Bush said today he supports a constitutional amendment banning same-sex couples from getting married."

      "Kerry and North Carolina Senator John Edwards, his main rival for the Democratic nomination, said today that amending the Constitution is unnecessary and the issue of marriage should be left to the states."

      "Republican lawmakers aren't united on whether the Constitution should be amended or what such an amendment would say, said House Majority Leader Tom DeLay of Texas. Some lawmakers said the issue should be settled in the courts or through the regular legislative process."

      "Representative Marilyn Musgrave and Senator Wayne Allard, both Republicans from Colorado, have introduced legislation that would start the amendment process."

      "Any action to change the Constitution requires a two-thirds majority in both chambers of Congress to be sent as a proposed amendment to the states, and takes effect only if three-fourths of state legislatures approve it." 2-04

  47. 02-22-04 Nader to Run for President (
      "Consumer advocate Ralph Nader said he will run again for the U.S. presidency as an independent, a bid that Democrats said threatens to drain votes away from their candidate and may help re-elect President George W. Bush." 2-04

  48. 02-24-04 Polls: Kerry Ahead of Bush (USA Today)
      Provides results from five or more polls showing the patterns of support for President Bush versus Senator Kerry for president of the United States. 2-04

  49. 02-27-04 Budget Deficit to Balloon (USA Today)
      "President Bush's budget would produce deficits totaling $2.75 trillion over the next decade, the Congressional Budget Office projected Friday in the first authoritative look at the plan's longer-range implications."

      "One major item omitted by Bush's budget but included in Friday's projections was the cost of his proposal to make tax cuts permanent that otherwise would expire in 2010. Bush's tax plans would add more than $1.3 trillion to deficits over the decade, although his plans to curb domestic spending would save $700 billion over that same period, the budget office said."

      "Wary of the impact on deficits, Republican congressional leaders already have said they will not move this year on Bush's proposal to extend the tax cuts, which is the pillar of his plan for strengthening the economy." 2-04

  50. 02-29-04 Poll: Kerry and Bush Tied But Kerry Plus Edwards Ahead (CBS News)
      "If the November election were being held today, President George W. Bush might lose his bid for re-election to an unnamed Democratic nominee. 48% say they would vote for the Democratic candidate, and 43% would support George W. Bush. In December, a CBS News poll showed Bush ahead of an unnamed Democrat by nine points."

      "When specific Democratic candidates are mentioned opposite George Bush, the race becomes much closer and both John Edwards and John Kerry run about even with Bush."

      "But a Democratic ticket that combines the two candidates -- John Kerry for President and John Edwards for Vice President -- has more appeal, and could give the two Democrats a solid victory over Bush and Dick Cheney." 2-04

  51. 03-03-04 Record U.S. Trade Deficit (CBS News)
      "The United States registered a record $489.4 billion trade deficit for 2003 as a rebounding U.S. economy strengthened Americans' appetites for a wide range of foreign-made goods, including cars, clothing and TVs."

      "Critics point to the deficits as evidence that the president's free-trade policies aren't working and are a factor in the loss of U.S. jobs."

      "The latest snapshot of trade activity comes amid rising tensions over global trade and concerns about the flight, or outsourcing, of U.S. jobs to other countries. President Bush's chief economist, Gregory Mankiw, struck a political nerve earlier this week when he described the loss of U.S. jobs to overseas companies as 'just a new way of doing international trade.' "

      "Painfully slow job growth in the United States is a political sore spot for the president and an issue that Democrats, seeking to capture the White House, like to point out to voters in an election year." 3-04

  52. 03-04-04 Bush Aid Defends Use of September 11 Images (
      "President George W. Bush's spokesman defended the use of images from the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in political advertising after some relatives of victims said the campaign is exploiting the tragedy."

      "The ads to promote Bush' re-election, which include video clip of firefighters carrying a flag-draped stretcher through the rubble of the World Trade Center, reinforce the shared grief of the nation, White House press secretary Scott McClellan said."

      "The International Association of Firefighters, which is backing Kerry, also criticized the ads, releasing a statement that called use of the images 'disgraceful.' " 3-04

  53. 03-04-04 Poll: World Now More Dangerous Because of Bush (CBS News)
      "A majority of people in Canada, Mexico and five European countries have an unfavorable view of the role that President Bush plays in world affairs, Associated Press polls found."

      "Only in the United States did a majority of those questioned, 57 percent, have a positive view of President Bush's role."

      "The AP-Ipsos poll found that people in the two countries bordering the U.S. and in five major European countries think the war in Iraq increased the threat of terrorism in the world." 3-04

  54. 03-05-04 Major Jobs Disappointment (CBS News)
      "The U.S. employment report for February proved to be a major disappointment. The jobless rate remained unchanged at 5.6 percent, and the economy was only able to generate 21,000 jobs."

      The latest snapshot of the employment climate released by the Labor Department on Friday depicted the painfully slow job growth the country has been enduring." 3-04

  55. 03-06-04 Republicans Try to Block Anti-Bush Ads (CNN News)
      "The Republican National Committee is warning television stations across the country not to run ads from the Voter Fund that criticize President Bush, charging that the left-leaning political group is paying for them with money raised in violation of the new campaign-finance law."

      "But's lawyer, Joseph Sandler, said in a statement that the ads were funded legally, calling the RNC's letter "a complete misrepresentation of the law."

      " 'It's not surprising that [RNC Chairman] Ed Gillespie continues to make false claims about the legality of our campaign in order to silence us,' Wes Boyd, president of the voter fund, said in a statement. 'Our lawyers continue to assure us that our advertising, and the small contributions from tens of thousands of our members that pay for it, conform in every way to existing campaign-finance laws.' " 3-04

  56. 03-06-04 Tax Rebates Boost Employment Overseas, Not USA (Washington Times)
      "The job market slumped back into stagnation last month with the unemployment rate stuck at 5.6 percent and only 21,000 jobs created, a development that spells trouble for President Bush's re-election effort. "

      "The president sought to jump-start a job recovery with $350 billion in tax cuts last year but the response has been only weak and dwindling job gains."

      " 'The tax cut gave a big increase to spending, but when folks go to Wal-Mart, they buy imported goods so the job growth goes to China' and other countries, he [Morici] said." 3-04

  57. 03-18-04 AP: Bin Laden Top Aide Surrounded (
      "Pakistani soldiers believe they have surrounded Osama bin Laden's top aide, Egyptian Ayman al- Zawahiri, near the Afghan border, the Associated Press reported from Islamabad." 3-04

  58. 03-23-04 Bush's Former Counterterrorism Chief Blasts Bush's Efforts (CNN News)
      "The White House's former counterterrorism coordinator blasts President Bush in a television interview and a new book, saying the president ignored warnings about terrorist attacks before 9/11 and has done 'a terrible job' battling terrorism since then." 3-04

  59. 03-25-04 Bush's Former Anti-Terrorism Chief Claims Bush Undermined War on Terrorism (MSNBC News)
      " 'The reason I am strident in my criticism of the president of the United States is because ... by invading Iraq, the president of the United States has greatly undermined the war on terrorism,' he said."

      "But Clarke, acknowledging that he had been accused of being 'a member of John Kerry’s campaign team,' denied that he had any partisan goals." " 'Let me say here, as I am under oath, that I will not accept any position in the Kerry administration, should there be one — on the record, under oath,' said Clarke, who said he voted Republican in 2000." 3-04

  60. 04-18-04 Woodward Shares War Secrets (CBS News)
      "Journalist Bob Woodward calls his new book, 'Plan of Attack,' the first detailed, behind-the-scenes account of how and why the president decided to wage war in Iraq."

      "It’s an insider’s account written after Woodward spoke with 75 of the key decision makers, including President Bush himself."

      ”Rumsfeld and Franks work out a deal essentially where Franks can spend any money he needs. And so he starts building runways and pipelines and doing all the preparations in Kuwait, specifically to make war possible,” says Woodward."

      “Gets to a point where in July, the end of July 2002, they need $700 million, a large amount of money for all these tasks. And the president approves it. But Congress doesn't know and it is done. They get the money from a supplemental appropriation for the Afghan War, which Congress has approved. …Some people are gonna look at a document called the Constitution which says that no money will be drawn from the Treasury unless appropriated by Congress. Congress was totally in the dark on this."

      ” 'A year before the war started, three things are going on. Franks is secretly developing this war plan that he's briefing the president in detail on,' says Woodward. 'Franks simultaneously is publicly denying that he's ever been asked to do any plan.' ”

      Woodward says that [Saudi Prince] Bandar understood that economic conditions were key before a presidential election: 'They’re [oil prices] high. And they could go down very quickly. That's the Saudi pledge. Certainly over the summer, or as we get closer to the election, they could increase production several million barrels a day and the price would drop significantly.' ” 4-04

  61. 05-04-04 Gaps Remain in Bush Guard Service (CBS News)
      "The missing military records include a bevy of forms, logs, pay stubs and evaluations from Mr. Bush's time in the Texas Air National Guard. CBS News' evaluation of all the documents released by the White House confirms that the records have several holes." 5-04

  62. 05-18-04 Red Cross: Iraq Abuse Widespread and Routine (Associated Press - Higgins)
      "Up to 90 percent of Iraqi detainees were arrested 'by mistake,' according to coalition intelligence officers cited in a Red Cross report disclosed Monday. It also says U.S. officers mistreated inmates at the notorious Abu Ghraib prison by keeping them naked in dark, empty cells." 5-04

  63. 05-20-04 Elections Costs May Surpass $3 Billion in 2004 (
      "The contest between President George W. Bush and Democratic Senator John Kerry may help push spending for presidential and congressional election campaigns to a record $3 billion this year." 5-04

  64. 05-24-04 Poll: Bush Popularity at All Time Low (CBS News)
      "As concern about the situation in Iraq grows, 65 percent now say the country is on the wrong track — matching the highest number ever recorded in CBS News Polls, which began asking this question in the mid-1980's. Only 30 percent currently say things in this country are headed in the right direction." 5-04

  65. 06-10-04 Poll: Kerry Pulls Ahead of Bush (The Boston Globe)
      "Widespread unease over the country's direction and doubts about President Bush's policies on Iraq and the economy helped propel Senator John F. Kerry to a solid lead among voters nationwide, according to a new Los Angeles Times Poll." 6-04

  66. 06-16-04 Commission: No Al Qaeda Link to Iraq (ABC News)
      "The panel investigating the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks found 'no credible evidence that Iraq and al Qaeda cooperated on attacks against the United States,' according to a staff report issued on Wednesday."

      The report contradicts statements from the Bush administration that Saddam Hussein had ties to al Qaeda." 6-04

  67. 07-06-04 Kerry Picks Edwards for VP Candidate (MSNBC News)
      "Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry selected former rival John Edwards to be his running mate, calling him a man 'who has shown guts and determination and political skills in his own race for the presidency of the United States.' " 7-04

  68. 07-25-04 Boston Spends $60 Million for Convention Security (CNN News)
      "As the Democratic National Convention opens Monday, the city of Boston will be under an unprecedented $60 million security curtain." 7-04

  69. 07-25-04 Bush Leads Kerry in Expected Electoral Votes (USA Today)
      "John Kerry narrowly trails President Bush in the battle for the 270 electoral votes needed to win the White House, as he makes his case at the Democratic National Convention this week to topple the Republican incumbent." 7-04

  70. 07-25-04 Democratic Convention - Its Importance (MSNBC News)
      "Dismissed in advance by many as a politically empty, over-choreographed, made-for-TV non-event, the Democratic National Convention opening Monday will still play a crucial role for presidential aspirant John Kerry." 7-04

  71. 07-25-04 Democratic Convention - Questions and Answers (MSNBC News)
      "Here are some answers to common questions about the Democratic Party's 2004 National Convention." 7-04

  72. 07-27-04 Bush and Kerry Vie Over 9-11 Commission Recommendations (
      "Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry said the Sept. 11 commission's recommendations should be put in place now, challenging President George W. Bush over the pace and scope of efforts to thwart terrorist attacks." 7-04

  73. 07-29-04 Afghanistan "Likely to Implode" (CNN News)
      "A British parliamentary committee has warned that Afghanistan is likely to 'implode, with terrible consequences' unless more troops and resources are sent to calm the country." 7-04

  74. 07-29-04 Democratic Convention - Some Observations (MSNBC News - Curry)
      " National Affairs Writer Tom Curry gives you the lowdown on what to watch for each day from inside and outside the convention hall in Boston." 7-04

  75. 07-29-04 Democratic Convention - Standing Ovation for Sharpton (CBS Curry)
      "The Reverend Al Sharpton won the hearts of delegates to the Democratic National Convention with a rousing and raucous speech Wednesday night, saying the fact that he was able to run for president is proof that kids can grow up poor and make it in America." 7-04

  76. 07-29-04 Kerry's Speech (MSNBC News)
      Provides the full text of John Kerry's acceptance speech at the Democratic Convention. 7-04

  77. 07-29-04 Kerry's Speech - Key Points (CNN News)
      Provides key points of John Kerry's acceptance speech at the Democratic Convention. 7-04

  78. 08-02-04 Bush States Support for Security Chief (CNN News)
      "President George W. Bush said he wants to create the position of national intelligence director and an office to coordinate government-wide efforts to combat terrorism, two recommendations of the commission that studied the Sept. 11 attacks." 8-02

  79. 08-03-04 Editorial - Bush's Grim Poll Numbers (Slate - Saletan)
      "If you've read or watched news reports about polls taken since the Democratic convention, you've probably heard that John Kerry didn't get much of a "bounce." These reports overlook the important data. Let's look at the numbers."

      "At the very least, it's Kerry's race to lose." 8-04

  80. 08-03-04 Editorial - Bush's Strategy and the Loss of the Center (Slate - Saletan)
      "The power of the speech [by Kerry], reflected in a deafening series of ovations that consumed the FleetCenter tonight, came not from Kerry's biography or the themes he brought to the campaign two years ago. It came from his expression of widespread, pent-up outrage at the offenses of the Bush administration."

      "The theory behind Bush's hard-line style of governance came from his chief political adviser, Karl Rove. Rove believed that Bush lost the popular vote in 2000 because millions of conservatives stayed home. He believed that Bush's father lost the 1992 election by alienating the right and creating a Republican primary challenge by Pat Buchanan. So, on issue after issue, the current President Bush has played to his base. On Rove's theory, every step to the right earns Bush another conservative vote."

      That calculation is correct. But it's only half the story."

      In his determination to unite the right, Bush hasn't just united the left. He has lost the center."

      "One more Bush voter on the right, balanced by one more Kerry voter on the left, plus the tilting of one more voter in the middle toward Kerry, is a net loss for the president." 8-04

  81. 08-07-04 Kerry Leads - It's the Economy (Bloomberg News)
      "Senator John Kerry, the Democratic presidential nominee, widened his lead to 5 percentage points over President George W. Bush in the week after the Democratic National Convention, according to a Time Magazine poll that showed voters regard the economy as the primary issue."

      "More than 1 million jobs have been lost since Bush's inauguration in January 2001." 8-04

  82. 08-16-04 Bush to Withdraw Troops from Europe and Asia (MSNBC News)
      "President Bush’s plan to call tens of thousands of U.S. troops home from Europe and Asia could gain him election-year applause from military families, but won’t ease the strain on soldiers still battling violent factions in Iraq and Afghanistan." 8-04

  83. 08-21-04 Kerry and Bush Tied in Poll (
      "President George W. Bush and Democratic challenger John Kerry are tied among likely voters, a Harris poll says. More than half the voters also say they disapprove of Bush's performance in office, according to the poll." 8-04

  84. 08-21-04 New Rules for Overtime Taking Effect (CNN News)
      "On Monday, new federal rules detailing which workers get time-and-a-half and which ones don't are due to take effect. The changes mark the first major overhaul of the federal overtime law in more than 50 years."

      "For example, under the administrative exemption, a fast food manager who sets work schedules for a team of workers but can't hire or fire workers will no longer earn overtime." 8-04

  85. 08-23-04 Bush Urges End to Ads by Independent Groups (
      "President George W. Bush condemned campaign television commercials sponsored by independent organizations such as the group of Vietnam veterans who attacked Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry's military service." 8-04

  86. 09-04-04 Poll: Bush Leads by Eleven Points (CNN News)
      "President George W. Bush leads his Democrat opponent John Kerry by 11 percentage points according to a poll conducted immediately after the Republican National Convention in New York, Newsweek magazine reported." 8-04

  87. 09-08-04 Kerry Makes His Case Against Bush (USA Today)
      "Democrat John Kerry threw President Bush's own words on Iraq back at him Wednesday in a biting catalog of Bush's 'miscalculations' and their costs." 9-04

  88. 09-20-04 Three Kerry - Bush Debates Set (MSNBC News)
      "The campaigns of President Bush and Sen. John F. Kerry have tentatively settled on a package of three face-to-face debates that both sides view as a potentially decisive chance to sway huge audiences ahead of the Nov. 2 election, Democrats and Republicans said yesterday."

      "The nominees will focus on foreign policy during the opening session, on Sept. 30 in Florida, they will take questions from undecided voters at the town-meeting-style debate Oct. 8 in Missouri, and they will conclude with a session on Oct. 13 in Arizona that will revolve around domestic issues."

      "Vice President Cheney and Democratic vice presidential nominee John Edwards will debate Oct. 5 in Ohio. Each of the four debates will begin at 9 p.m. Eastern time and will run 90 minutes." 9-04

  89. 09-30-04 Bush Defends His Iraq Policy (
      "Kerry won the debate, according to three polls. Gallup said a phone survey called Kerry the winner by 53 percent to 37 percent for Bush. A CBS News instant poll said 44 percent called Kerry the winner and 26 percent picked Bush. In an ABC News instant poll, 45 percent said Kerry won; 36 percent picked Bush. Both political parties said they had encouraged supporters to participate in instant surveys." 9-04

  90. 09-30-04 Online Vote for Who Won the Debate (MSNBC News)
      Allows an online vote and to see the results of the poll after the debate. 9-04

  91. 10-02-04 Kerry Leads Bush After Debate (
      "Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry took the lead over President George W. Bush after this week's debate, polls by Newsweek magazine and the Los Angeles Times showed."

      "Kerry, a four-term senator from Massachusetts, led with 49 percent backing to 46 percent for Bush in the Newsweek poll of 1,013 registered voters conducted the past two days. In the Los Angeles Times poll, Kerry was supported by 49 percent of the 725 registered voters who watched, listened, or read about Thursday's presidential debate, and Bush was backed by 47 percent." 10-04

  92. 10-03-04 Debate Leads to Changes in Strategy (MSNBC News)
      "A newly energized battle for the White House heads into a crucial two-week period with John F. Kerry planning to capitalize on the momentum from a strong debate performance by shifting the focus to President Bush's economic record, while the president revives his attack on Kerry's foreign policy credentials, according to officials with both campaigns." 10-04

  93. 10-04-04 Bush vs. Kerry (First Debate) Text (CNN News)
      Provides a transcript of the first Bush vs. Kerry debate. (Please see the lower right column of the Web page.)

      Editor's Note: This page also includes results from a CNN/USA Today/Gallup poll on the candidates. "In this poll, 36 percent of those interviewed after the debate said they were Republican and 32 percent each said they were Democrats or independents." The poll appeared to be biased in that it did not sample in proportion to the affiliation of voters. According to Zogby, "If we look at the three last Presidential elections, the spread was 34% Democrats, 34% Republicans and 33% Independents...." In addition, the CNN/USA Today/Gallup poll did not identify the percent of Democrats included. The way the results were written, they could have included very few Democrats. The poll fell far short of professional standards for conducting or reporting survey research. 10-04

  94. 10-04-04 Kerry Dismisses "Global Test" Accusation (CNN News)
      "Sen. John Kerry on Monday lambasted as 'pathetic' scaremongering, Republican criticism of his comments during last Thursday's debate in which he said the president's decision to go to war should pass a 'global test' of legitimacy."

      "He added, 'They're misleading Americans about what I said. What I said in the sentence preceding that was, "I will never cede America's security to any institution or any other country." No one gets a veto over our security. No one.' " 10-04

  95. 10-06-04 Cheney vs. Edwards - Misleading Remarks (
      Checks remarks made by each candidate and corrects the facts for some of the misleading statements. 10-04

  96. 10-06-04 Cheney vs. Edwards Debate Video (
      Provides the video of the debate between the two leading candidates for Vice President. 10-04

  97. 10-06-04 Debate Rules (
      Provides the rules designed by the Bush and Kerry campaigns for their debates, including the debates by the candidates for vice president. 10-04

  98. 10-07-04 Kerry and Bush in a Tie (
      "The race between President George W. Bush and Democratic challenger John Kerry is a tossup in Ohio, Florida and Pennsylvania -- the three biggest battleground states -- according to six polls taken after the candidates' Sept. 30 debate." 10-04

  99. 10-08-04 Kerry vs. Bush (Second Debate) Text (CNN News)
      "The following is a transcript of the debate between President George W. Bush and Sen. John Kerry held Friday night at Washington University. This, the second debate between the two, takes a town hall style forum." 10-04

  100. 10-08-04 Kerry vs. Bush (Second Debate) Video (
      Shows a video of the debate. 10-04

  101. 10-08-04 Kerry vs. Bush (Second Debate) Vote (MSNBC News)
      Allows you to vote on who won the debate. 10-04

  102. 10-09-04 Kerry vs. Bush (Second Debate) Fact Check (CNN News)
      Provides data to correct statements made by President Bush and Senator Kerry during their second debate. 10-04

  103. 10-09-04 Polls: Bush Fails to Stop Kerry Momentum (
      "President George W. Bush failed to gain a victory in the second presidential debate to stem the momentum built by John Kerry, a four-term Massachusetts senator, since their first match-up last week." 10-04

  104. 10-10-04 Soldiers in Iraq Express Frustration (MSNBC News)
      "Several members of the platoon said they were struck by the difference between the way the war was being portrayed in the United States and the reality of their daily lives."

      " 'Every day you read the articles in the States where it's like,' "Oh, it's getting better and better," said Lance Cpl. Jonathan Snyder, 22, of Gettysburg, Pa. 'But when you're here, you know it's worse every day.' "

      " 'The reality right now is that the most dangerous opinion in the world is the opinion of a U.S. serviceman,' said Lance Cpl. Devin Kelly, 20, of Fairbanks, Alaska."

      "Lance Cpl. Alexander Jones, 20, of Ball Ground, Ga., agreed: 'We're basically proving out that the government is wrong,' he said. 'We're catching them in a lie.' "

      "Asked if he was concerned that the Marines would be punished for speaking out, Autin responded: 'What are they going to do, send us to Iraq?' " 10-04

  105. Primary Elections Scorecard (CNN News)
      Tallies total delegates for each presidential candidate of the Democratic party. 2-04

  1. "Defeat Bush" Ads in the News (CBS News - Murphy)
      "The ad that won's 'Bush in 30 Seconds' contest was not about the war in Iraq or the PATRIOT Act — two issues that have fueled the liberal group's rise and enraged its membership."

      "Instead, the more than 100,000 who voted on line, as well as a panel of celebrity judges, picked 'Child's Pay' by Fisher, a Denver ad executive."

      "Fisher's quiet yet slick spot, which depicts children toiling at jobs many adults would avoid — just to pay off the federal deficit — will air during the week of the president's State of the Union address, say MoveOn organizers." Editor's Note: The Child's Pay ad became national news when CBS refused to accept it for use during Superbowl. Even CBS Evening News carried the refusal as a news story. 2-04

  2. -09-10-04 Cheney Remark Seen as Fear Strategy (USA Today)
      "Vice President Cheney was not campaigning Wednesday, but his suggestion a day earlier that electing John Kerry would risk a 'devastating' terrorist attack kept agitating the political arena."

      "Democrats denounced Cheney's statement as part of a "fear strategy" and sought to capitalize on it to attack President Bush and raise money. Republicans interpreted the remark to try to make it sound less partisan." 9-04

  3. -09-11-04 Kerry Struggles After Republican Convention (Guardian Unlimited)
      "With 50 days left in his presidential campaign and nearly 10 points behind in the polls, John Kerry found himself this week in a familiar situation: surrounded by people willing him on, but who were having trouble understanding what he had to say." 9-04

  4. 08-29-04 Pennsylvannia Crucial for Election (USA Today)
      "USA TODAY/CNN/Gallup polls show Bush narrowly ahead in Wisconsin and the candidates even in Pennsylvania, a state that is crucial to Democratic hopes of winning in November." 8-04

  5. 08-29-04 Republican National Convention - Guide (USA Today)
      Provides a guide to the Convention. 8-04

  6. 08-29-04 Republican National Convention - McCain and Giuliani Build Case for Bush (USA Today)
      "Republicans are building their case for President Bush's re-election tonight with convention speeches from Rudy Giuliani, the city's popular former mayor, and former rival John McCain, who was expected to tell delegates the president has earned the job by leading a battle against terrorism." 8-04

  7. 08-29-04 Thousands Protest Bush in New York (BBC News)
      "Thousands of opponents of US President George W Bush have taken to the streets of New York to demonstrate against his foreign and domestic policies. The protest, which organisers say drew an estimated 250,000 marchers, comes a day before New York hosts the Republican Party convention." 8-04

  8. Bush Strategist Karl Rove ( - Bryce)
      Describes the role of Karl Rove as strategist for George W. Bush. 12-02

  9. Bush Strategist Karl Rove ( - Carney)
      Describes the role of Karl Rove as strategist for George W. Bush. 12-02

  10. Bush Strategist Karl Rove ( - Reaves)
      Describes the role of Karl Rove as strategist for George W. Bush. 12-02

  11. Bush vs. Kerry on the Issues (
      Describes positions of the leading candidates for president of the United States. 6-04

  12. Comparison of Candidates for President (CNN News)
      Provides a comparison of views and positions of candidates for president. Positions of George W. Bush are on this page. Select "Browse by Issue" to the right of the pictures of Democratic candidates to see charts comparing each candidate (including Bush) on major issues. 2-04

  13. Dean - An Editorial Defending Dean's Iowa Caucus Speech (CBS News - Meyer)
      "I'm not being contrarian for the sake of being contrarian, honest. But I don't think Howard Dean's 'I Have A Scream' performance was weird, troubling, scary, revealing or nuts. I don't think it was a big deal in any way, shape or form. I thought it was standard pump-up-the-troops campaign stuff."

      "What I do think is bizarre is the hubbub it caused."

      "I've looked at the tape many times and that's how it plays for me. Sure, if he had done it during a State of the Union speech or an appearance before the Council on Foreign Relations, it would have been crazy. But this was a rally. So spare me."

      "I've seen a lot of politicians do a lot weirder things."

      "I wish Dean hadn't renounced the Scream. His wife said it was 'silly' and I think that's about the full extent of it." 1-04

  14. Dean - Editorial on Judy Dean as Role Model (MSNBC News - Kuntzman)
      "Instead of finding fault with presidential hopeful Howard Dean's wife, the press ought to take a closer look—at themselves."

      "In what is supposedly an enlightened age for women, we in the media should be celebrating Dean's independence, not questioning it. Shouldn't it be refreshing to meet a woman who'd prefer to be a doctor than gazing longingly from the edge of the stage as her husband delivers the seventh identical stump speech of the day? (And how come all of my supposedly gifted media colleagues missed the irony of an independent, modern woman, who nonetheless has one foot in that bygone age of doctors who make house calls? That alone should have won her points.)"

      "Nonetheless, my colleagues dismiss her with the sobriquet of 'media shy.' Well, I've got a secret for you: Most people are media shy. Most people don't want to have a conversation with a person who has no desire to get to know them, but is merely waiting for them to say something that will sound weird to 51 percent of the population." 1-04

  15. Dean Former Strategist Joe Trippi (MSNBC News)
      Provides an interview with Joe Trippi, emphasizing how he began gaining support for Dean via the Internet. Trippi was replaced as campaign manager on January 28th, 2004. 1-04

  16. Dean Iowa Caucus Speech - C-Span Version (
      Provides the full Howard Dean "concession" speech at the Iowa Caucus. (See "Most Watched Video" in the center panel.)

      Editor's Note: This version presents the sounds from the audience much softer than is heard on the Dean-approved videotape. Dean's "scream" is much louder than in the Dean-approved version. 1-04

  17. Dean Iowa Caucus Speech - Dean-Approved Version (
      Provides a clip of Howard Dean's controversial "concession" speech at the Iowa Caucus.

      Editor's Note: This version presents the sounds from the audience much louder than is heard on the C-Span videotape. Dean's "scream" much softer than in the C-Span version. 1-04

  18. Economy the Main Issue for Voters (
      "John Kerry is leading Howard Dean in polls predicting the outcome of today's New Hampshire Democratic presidential primary, helped by his focus on improving the economy in a state that has lost 12,000 jobs since 2001." 1-04

  19. Editorial - America Faces a Clear Choice ( - Mehlman)
      Provides the George W. Bush re-election campaign site. "President George W. Bush and the American people have answered history’s calling. Through forward looking policies, America confronted difficult tests. And with four more years of President Bush’s leadership, the American people will transform today’s tests into tomorrow’s opportunities."

      "Nine months from now, we will make a choice."

      "Between victory in Iraq or insecurity in America."

      "Between more money in the pockets of families or more power in the halls of government."

      "Between a nation that respects innocent life and reaffirms the sanctity of marriage or activist judges who legislate from the bench."

      "And nine months from now, we will choose between a leader of principle who will take America forward or a politician of protest, pandering and pessimism who will take America backward." 1-04

  20. Editorial - Analysis of the Debate (USA Today - Page)
      "For the first time in the television age, the candidates' opening and historically most influential debate was devoted to foreign policy and national security — subjects that have overshadowed the traditional pocketbook issues in this campaign."

      "And for the first time in a generation, the major-party candidates forcefully outlined fundamentally different visions of how the United States should operate in the world." 10-04

  21. Editorial - Cheney Offers Hachet Job on Kerry (CBS News - Meyer)
      "Vice President Dick Cheney came before the nation, flicked open his deadpan stiletto and filleted John Kerry."

      "It was a masterful job, quite devastating. It was the most effective, cold and concise evisceration of John Kerry I have seen. Not only was it, in my view, skilled electioneering, it drew a not-inaccurate portrait of Kerry that is bound to disturb any voter whose mind isn't entirely closed." 9-04

  22. Editorial - Dean's Edge ( - Sullivan)
      "He [Howard Dean] once told the New Yorker, 'I think the problem with the Democratic Party in general is that they've been so afraid to lose they're willing to say whatever it takes to win. And once you're willing to say whatever it takes to win, you lose.' That's a brilliant analysis of what ails the Democrats — and it's why, even under Clinton, they saw their congressional power ebb and collapse. If Dean is a doctor, he's got the diagnosis dead right." 1-04

  23. Editorial - Personal Freedom Versus Federal Authority ( - Sullivan)
      "There has always been a tension in conservatism between those who favor more liberty and those who want more morality. But what's indisputable is that Bush's 'compassionate conservatism' is a move toward the latter — the use of the government to impose and subsidize certain morals over others. He is fusing Big Government liberalism with religious-right moralism. It's the nanny state with more cash. Your cash, that is. And their morals." 1-04

  24. Editorial - Scare Tactics from Both Sides (MSNBC News - Alter)
      "It's fright night in the 2004 presidential campaign—Halloween come early. President Bush says you'll be taxed into poverty, then blown up by a terrorist if you vote for John Kerry, while Kerry says that voting for Bush means retiring on cat food, if you survive a back-alley abortion and being drafted to fight in the Middle East."

      "But it's the job of the news media and what one Bush aide dismissively calls the 'reality-based community' to parse the claims and connect them to how each man might actually govern. Just repeating that 'both sides are using scare tactics' doesn't tell us which ones are closer to the mark."

      "Bush's major assault is on Kerry's ability to defend us from terrorism. On this score, the president is—how to put this delicately?—lying. He keeps saying on the stump that Kerry won't hit terrorists until they hit us and would apply a 'global test' before intervening. This is a clear and deliberate misrepresentation of what Kerry actually said."

      "The irony of Bush's 'wolf ad' (featuring pictures of scary wolves as the announcer talks about Kerry's weakness on defense) is that it's the president who has a wolf problem. The greatest single consequence of the botched war in Iraq is that the next time trouble arises somewhere in the world, our allies won't believe U.S. intelligence about an 'imminent threat.' With a toxic combination of arrogance and incompetence, Bush has become the boy who cried wolf."

      "This year Kerry is actually right that Bush's plan to privatize a portion of Social Security would eventually lead to at least a trillion-dollar shortfall and huge benefit cuts. But fewer people are listening, which means that Democrats, too, are paying the price for crying wolf. Fortunately, Bush probably wouldn't be able to do much to Social Security. Once the public recognizes that letting younger workers invest their retirement benefits in the stock market means hurting Grandma and Grandpa (under the system, today's workers fund today's elderly), the Bush plan will die." 10-04

  25. Editorial - Seven States and Four Contenders (CBS News - Meyer)
      "The coming week in politics has all the ingredients of a classic: four strong candidates with money in their pockets, and varying degrees of desperation and fire in their bellies, competing in seven wide-open states all over the country, with two debates mixed in for good measure." 1-04

  26. Editorial - The Wolf is Real and No One is Listening (International Herald Times - Booker)
      "Once upon a time, Washington could have exercised its clout as the most powerful nation in the world and handily won over the support of these recalcitrant members. But now, the country that cried wolf has lost the moral authority it needs to rally its global neighbors to real action against genocide in Darfur." 9-04

  27. Editorial - War May Be Liability for Bush (Bloomberg News)
      "In May 2003, President George W. Bush stood before a ``Mission Accomplished'' banner on the USS Abraham Lincoln and declared an end to major combat in Iraq."

      "That month, 68 percent of Americans said the U.S. had made the right decision in invading Iraq, according to a survey by the University of Maryland's Program on International Policy Attitudes."

      "As U.S. casualties mounted, to 971 killed and 6,690 wounded as of Aug. 27, and attacks and kidnappings continued, Americans changed their mind. In another survey by the University of Maryland published Aug. 20, support for the invasion dropped to 46 percent. Sixty-nine percent said the war had damaged the U.S. image abroad." 9-04

  28. Editorial - War Records - Bush and Kerry (MSNBC News - Clift)
      "Kerry is accompanied on the campaign trail by the men he served with in the Mekong Delta [during the Vietnam war]." "Kerry's candidacy was elevated when a former Green Beret whose life he saved showed up on the campaign trail in Iowa to attest to Kerry's courage. In addition, former Georgia senator Max Cleland, who lost three limbs in Vietnam and was defeated in 2002 after GOP attacks on his patriotism, appears regularly with Kerry."

      "There is another chapter to Kerry's war history that Republicans are examining, and that is his leadership in 1971 of Vietnam Veterans Against the War. Some GOP strategists envision television ads linking Kerry with Jane Fonda in order to undermine his credentials as a decorated war veteran."

      "Highlighting Kerry's antiwar activism is a risky strategy for the Republicans. If the election turns into a debate over war records, Bush can't win."

      "Boston Globe reporter Walter Robinson did an exhaustive study of Bush's military service, which was published in May 2000. Robinson concluded that during Bush's final 18 months in the Texas Air National Guard in 1972 and 1973, he did not fly at all and was 'all but unaccounted for,' with no records to indicate that he attended any of the required drills." "Under the rules at the time, guardsmen who miss duty were supposed to be reported and could then be drafted." "In fairness, Bush has been candid about why he enlisted in the Air National Guard. Like many young men of his generation, he wanted to avoid Vietnam. He told one reporter, 'I was not prepared to shoot my eardrum out with a shotgun in order to get a deferment. Nor was I willing to go to Canada. So I chose to better myself by learning how to fly airplanes.' " 1-04

  29. Education: Bush (
      "FACTCHECK on Education: Bush spoke of a big increase in federal funding for education, but didn't mention complaints that he's forcing states to pay for new federal requirements to test student performance."

      "BUSH: By passing the No Child Left Behind Act you have made the expectation of literacy the law of our country. We are providing more funding for our schools-a 36% increase since 2001. We are requiring higher standards."

      "FACTCHECK: It is true that federal funding for education has increased sharply since Bush took office, as even his critics concede. But it is also true that Bush's new requirements for student testing impose large costs on state and local governments and that Bush hasn't pushed the Republican Congress for the full amounts authorized by the No Child Left Behind Act. The National Education Association estimated the shortfall at $5.4 billion last year, and even a GOP senator, Olympia Snowe of Maine, said last year, 'It leaves us open to the charge of unfunded mandates.' " 2-04

  30. Education: Kerry (
      "I have never supported vouchers. I understand why parents want more choices and I believe they should have more choices in public schools. But public schools need resources and support, and vouchers drain them of both. Our inner-city schools and our rural schools need better buildings, more textbooks, higher paid teachers, the best principals, and smaller classes."

      "Bush's one exercise in "compassionate conservatism" was the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, an education reform effort that I supported. The stated purpose of that legislation was to offer a new bargain to states and school districts, under which they would accept greater accountability for results in exchange for the resources and the flexibility to get the job done. The Bush administration began welshing on its side of the bargain almost before the ink was dry on the bill, undermining education funding as part of a larger strategy of directing every available school dollar toward tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans. This has been sadly typical of the administration's approach to government: a rhetoric of compassion and concern accompanied by policies that are compassionate primarily toward the most comfortable members of our society." 2-04

  31. Edwards Brings Southern Roots to Contest (MSNBC News)
      "The only Democrats to win the presidency in the past 40 years have been Southerners. If John Kerry wins on Nov. 2, he’ll break that streak, but with a boost from a son of Dixie, North Carolina Sen. John Edwards."

      "In style and appearance more than in ideology, Edwards offers a contrast with Kerry. Edwards is slighter and shorter than the six-foot-four Kerry; Edwards moves nimbly and has a gift for charming chatter when he meets voters; he thinks and speaks quickly; Kerry sometimes seems a ponderous orator and an awkward mingler."

      "Edwards, who is 10 years younger than Kerry, is a small-town boy who went to state schools in North Carolina (as an undergraduate, he majored in textile technology at North Carolina State)." 7-04

  32. Edwards Watch (CBS News - Rather)
      "The press herd has thundered toward Kerry. With good reason: New England regional favorite Senator John Kerry, from neighboring Massachusetts, roared into New Hampshire fueled by his hard-won, upset first-place showing in Iowa. The herd loves a frontrunner so, true to form, hoof beats abound around Kerry now."

      By any objective analysis, Kerry is the candidate of the moment. He deserves to be. He earned it. But if you’re looking for the candidate of the next moment, you might want to keep your eyes on Senator John Edwards."

      Edwards’ showing in Iowa was at least as impressive as Kerry’s; perhaps more so, when one considers that Edwards had less money, less organization, and came from further back in the polls." 1-04

  33. Election of U.S. President - Progress (
      Provides information on primaries, caucuses, and conventions, by state. 12-03

  34. Energy and Oil: Bush (
      "For Bush, the point of energy conservation was not for Americans to USE less, but for Americans to IMPORT less. For him, energy was first and foremost a national security issue. He had warned in 2000, 'As a result of our foreign oil imports skyrocketing, America is at the mercy more than ever of foreign governments and cartels.' " 2-04

  35. Farenheit 9/11 Goes After Bush (
      "Michael Moore’s scathing indictment of the Bush administration, 'Fahrenheit 9/11,' winner of the top prize at this year’s Cannes Film Festival, doesn’t break a lot of new ground."

      "The freshest ammunition in Moore’s arsenal is a camcorder tape of Bush’s ultra-delayed reaction to the news that the World Trade Center had been hit by terrorists. On the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, Bush was reading to kids at a Florida elementary school. After being informed of the attacks, Bush froze and continued with the classroom lesson — for nearly seven minutes."

      "But there’s a somber quality to the film’s second half, as the cost of the Iraq war becomes harder to hide. Interviews with fed-up American soldiers and furious Iraqi citizens are particularly chilling. So is Moore’s talk with a woman who lost her disillusioned son in Iraq and tearily confesses that she should have been paying more attention to the reasons he went."

      " 'Fahrenheit 9/11' isn’t entirely designed to skewer the current administration. Democrats are chastised for voting for the war and for not challenging the Supreme Court’s decision to anoint Bush, while senators of both parties are condemned for not backing African-American Congressmen who questioned the Florida election. Moore’s final hope, delivered in a non-partisan spirit, is that 'we won’t get fooled again.' ” 6-04

  36. Foreign Policy: Bush (
      "From the beginning, America has sought international support for our operations in Afghanistan and Iraq, and we have gained much support. There is a difference, however, between leading a coalition of many nations and submitting to the objections of a few. America will never seek a permission slip to defend the security of our country." 2-04

  37. Foreign Policy: Kerry (
      "In contrast to the dangerous mix of isolationism and unilateralism that characterizes the Republicans, [I support] speaking from a position of strength on international issues-the multilateral cooperative tradition of democratic internationalism forged in the course of two world wars and the cold war. It acknowledges that multilateral organizations are vehicles for the promotion of our ideals and the protection of our interests around the world. And it recognizes that those ideals and interests in this globalized world are consistent with the peace, prosperity, and self-determination of every country on earth."

      "Democratic internationalists understand that there are times when America must challenge the UN, NATO, and our allies to stand up for their own preferred values. And they also realize that there are times when America must be challenged to live up to its values as well. America has taken a rare step in human history in arguing that its interests and the world's are one." 2-04

  38. Health Care: Bush (
      "Starting this year, millions of Americans will be able to save money, tax-free, for their medical expenses in a health savings account. I signed this measure proudly, and any attempts to limit the choices of our seniors or to take away their prescription drug coverage under Medicare will meet my veto. On the critical issue of health care, our goal is to ensure that Americans can choose and afford private health care coverage that best fits their individual needs." 2-04

  39. Health Care: Kerry (
      "I will send to Congress a health care plan that stops spiraling costs, covers every child in America, and makes it possible for every American to get the same health care as any member of Congress. Making health care a right and not a privilege is something worth fighting for." 2-04

  40. IRS Reviewing Tax Status of NAACP for Anti-Bush Speech (USA Today)
      "The Internal Revenue Service is reviewing the tax-exempt status of the nation's oldest civil rights organization, saying criticism of President Bush at the NAACP's national convention in July may have violated rules against partisan activity."

      "Frances Hill, an authority on non-profit groups at the University of Miami Law School, called it "amazing" that the IRS would audit a group based on a public speech."

      " 'Usually you would look for some activity other than disagreeing with policies,' she said." 10-04

  41. Issue - Civil Rights (CNN News)
      Provides a chart comparing the views of candidates for president. 1-04

  42. Issue - Environment and Energy (CNN News)
      Provides a chart comparing the views of candidates for president. 1-04

  43. Issue - Environmental Protection Positions of Candidates (CNN News - Collins)
      Collins notes that "little has been said about which Democrat has the best chance of appealing to environmentalists. Green groups like the Sierra Club, the Natural Resources Defense Council and Greenpeace have voiced strong opposition to White House policies on the environment. And the League of Conservation Voters (LCV), Washington's green political machine, says eco-issues may not always be the most important subjects to voters, but they're still influential in crucial swing states." She gives a summary of the views (available on Web sites) of presidential candidates, including George W. Bush. 12-03

  44. Issue - Health Care (CNN News)
      Provides a chart comparing the views of candidates for president. 1-04

  45. Issue - Homeland Security (CNN News)
      Provides a chart comparing the views of candidates for president. 1-04

  46. Issue - Military and Defense (CNN News)
      Provides a chart comparing the views of candidates for president. 1-04

  47. Issue - Taxes Debate (
      Provides pro and con positions on the President's stimulus plan. "The debate over the President's tax cut and stimulus plan revolves around several issues. Some worry about the growth of the federal deficit. Others question who benefits from the tax cuts, especially the much-touted elimination of the dividend tax. On the other side, individual and corporate advocates of the President's stimulus plan contend that much-needed funds will be added into the economy and fiscal benefits will be felt by every American family. Add on the costs of the war in Iraq and the knowledge that the majority of states are running in the red and the discussion heats up even more." 2-04

  48. Jobs: Bush (
      "In 2003, Bush signed jobs and growth legislation and made clear that he will not stop working for economic security until everyone who wants a job has one. All of these measures are helping our economy as it recovers. President Bush will not be satisfied until every American who wants a job can find one; until every business has a chance to grow and until we turn our economic recovery into lasting prosperity that reaches every corner of America." 2-04

  49. Jobs: Kerry (
      "I'm desperately concerned about those jobs. But you don't fix them by pandering to people and telling them you're going to shut the door. You have to grow jobs. We need to increase our commitment to science in America, to venture capital, to the kinds of incentives that draw capital to the creation of jobs. Democrats can't love jobs and hate the people who create them. We need to encourage job creation and trade, but fair trade, and I've shown how that can happen." "We need to jump-start jobs here at home. We have an extraordinary ability, an entrepreneurial capacity second to no people on the planet. Education could be more invigorated, science could be more invigorated, the most anti-science administration in modern history. We need to push energy. Energy independence for the US will create thousands of jobs in our country. We need to push the environmental standards." 2-04

  50. John Edwards, in His Own Words (BBC News)
      Provides some views of Vice Presidential candidate John Edwards on key issues, using quotes. 7-04

  51. Kerry Strategist Jeanne Shaheen (USA Today)
      "Kerry concedes that Shaheen was 'critical' to his turnaround: 'She provided great, mature, seasoned leadership when it was needed,' he says." 1-04

  52. Kerry and Edwards - Why They Got the Votes in Iowa (CBS News - McDermott)
      "Voter concern about health care and the economy boosted Massachusetts Sen. John Kerry to victory in the Iowa caucuses. North Carolina Sen. John Edwards, who finished second, also benefited from voter concern with these two issues, according to a CBS News entrance poll of caucus-goers." 1-04

  53. Kerry's Military Advantage (CBS News - Kuhn)
      "It is John Kerry the veteran who thinks he can win this Democratic race."

      "He thinks it was not only the key to his comeback in Iowa, it could well be the key to victory in New Hampshire. Most importantly, he and those stumping for him, think it is the bridge that will bring him to the South." 1-04

  54. Military Records of John Kerry and George W. Bush (
      Provides copies of military records. 8-04

  55. Money - Financial Information on George W. Bush for the Presidential Election of 2004 (CNN News)
      Provides a tally of financial information on George W. Bush as of July 2004. 2-04

  56. Money - Financial Information on Howard Dean for the Presidential Election of 2004 (CNN News)
      Provides a tally of financial information on Howard Dean. For example, he raised over 3 million dollars in the second quarter and almost 9 million in the third quarter. 12-03

  57. Money - Financial Information on John Kerry for the Presidential Election of 2004 (CNN News)
      Provides a tally of financial information on John Kerry as of July 2004. 2-04

  58. Money - Winning Compared to Spending in the Senate (
      Provides a list of expenditures, winners, and losers for Senate seats. More than two-thirds of the heaviest spenders were the winners. Also provides a great deal more information about donations and elections. 12-03

  59. Money Raised for the Presidential Election of 2004 (CNN News)
      Provides a tally of amounts raised by candidates as of December 2003. 2-04

  60. Money Spent for the Presidential Election of 2004 (CNN News)
      Provides a tally of amounts spent by candidates as of December 2003. 2-04

  61. Persons Behind Kerry's Lead (MSNBC News - Curry)
      "Democratic National Committee Chairman Terry McAuliffe arranged a front-loaded schedule of primaries and caucuses that boosted the winner of the first two contests in Iowa and New Hampshire." 2-04

  62. Presidential Candidates (
      Provides information on each candidate for President of the United States, by political party. 12-03

  63. Primaries - An Introduction to the Primary (BBC News)
      Provides a brief introduction to the primaries as a means of picking a candidate for a political party. (See the box on the right near the bottom of the page. Just below it is a link to more information in the article on the New Hampshire primary.) 1-04

  64. Primaries - An Introduction to the Primary (
      "Primary Elections - an election prior to the general election in which voters select the candidates who will run on each party's ticket. Primaries are also used to choose convention delegates and party leaders, and may be open or closed." Describes types of primaries, such as open, closed, blanket, runoff, and presidential. 1-04

  65. Primaries - Deadlines for Primaries (
      Provides dates related to elections within each state, including dates for voting in primaries. Qualifications to vote include: You must be 18 years old or older by the day of the election, you must be registered to vote, and you must be a U.S. citizen. In many states, you must register with a political party to vote in that party's primary election. To vote in a primary election, your registration must be recognized well before the primary election in that state. 12-03

  66. Primaries - Definitions of Terms ( - Berg-Andersson)
      Provides detailed definitions of terms used in caucuses, primaries, and political conventions. 1-04

  67. Primaries - Filing Deadlines for Primaries (Federal Election Commission)
      Provides filing deadlines for primaries, by state. 12-03

  68. Primaries - History of the Primary and Caucuses ( - Berg-Andersson)
      Provides a history of how primaries and causes have been used to select presidential candidates for the major political parties. 1-04

  69. Registration and Absentee Deadlines and Contact Information (MSNBC News)
      Provides information on registration to vote and gaining an absentee ballot by state. Each state is different but the chart provides contact information for each state. 10-04

  70. State of the Union Speech 2004 (Christian Science Monitor - Bush)
      Provides a transcript of President Bush's State of the Union speech to the U.S. Congress. 1-04

  71. State of the Union Speech 2004 - Democratic Responses (CNN News - Pelosi and Daschle)
      Provides a transcript of responses of Senate Democratic leaders, Nancy Pelosi and Tom Daschle, to President Bush's State of the Union speech to the U.S. Congress. 1-04

  72. The Economy a Problem for Bush (MSNBC News)
      "President Bush’s election-year message that the economy is strong and “getting stronger” is being shaken by a three-pronged assault of weak employment growth, higher oil prices and a slumping stock market."

      "With less than three months until Election Day, the economic data have taken a sharp turn in favor of Democratic challenger John Kerry that hardly could have been anticipated even a few weeks ago." 8-04


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