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Obesity

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  1. Diets
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  3. Fast Foods
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News
  1. -01-08-10 Harmful Bacteria Found in FountainSodas (CBS News)
      "The evidence of an epidemic is everywhere."

      "Two-thirds, more than 190 million Americans are overweight or obese."

      "Obesity-related diseases are a $147 billion dollar medical burden every year."

      "Childhood obesity has tripled in the last thirty years." 01-10

  2. -03-18-09 Study: Extra Pounds May Shorten Life (MSNC News)
      "Being obese can take years off your life and in some cases may be as dangerous as smoking, a new study says." 03-09

  3. -04-03-08 Study: "Weight-ism" More Widespread Than Racism (ABC News)
      "It's illegal to discriminate against someone because of race or gender, but our culture condones a bias against people who are overweight."

      "Weight discrimination 'occurs in employment settings and daily interpersonal relationships virtually as often as race discrimination, and in some cases even more frequently than age or gender discrimination,' the researchers report in the current issue of the International Journal of Obesity." 04-08

  4. -04-07-09 One in Five Four Years Olds Obese (CNN News)
      "Nearly one-fifth of American 4-year-olds are obese, and children of color are at higher risk, according to new research." 04-09

  5. -08-11-08 Healthy Obesity? (Time.com)
      "You can look great in a swimsuit and still be a heart attack waiting to happen. And you can also be overweight and otherwise healthy. A new study suggests that a surprising number of overweight people — about half — have normal blood pressure and cholesterol levels, while an equally startling number of trim people suffer from some of the ills associated with obesity." 08-08

  6. -11-30-09 Too-Fat-To-Graduate Rule Under Fire (CNN News)
      "Students at Lincoln University with a body mass index of 30 or above, reflective of obesity, must take a fitness course that meets three hours per week. Those who are assigned to the class but do not complete it cannot graduate."

      "Now that the first class to have this requirement imposed is nearing graduation day -- students who entered in the fall of 2006 -- the school faces criticism from both students and outsiders about the fitness class policy." 11-09

  7. Japan Seeks Trim Waists (New York Times)
      "Japan, a country not known for its overweight people, has undertaken one of the most ambitious campaigns ever by a nation to slim down its citizenry."

      "Those exceeding government limits — 33.5 inches for men and 35.4 inches for women, which are identical to thresholds established in 2005 for Japan by the International Diabetes Federation as an easy guideline for identifying health risks — and having a weight-related ailment will be given dieting guidance if after three months they do not lose weight. If necessary, those people will be steered toward further re-education after six more months." 04-09

  8. Study: Women With Partners Gain More Weight (New York Times)
      "It is widely known that women tend to gain weight after giving birth, but now a large study has found evidence that even among childless women, those who live with a mate put on more pounds than those who live without one." 01-10

Papers
  1. -Editorial: How About Restricting French Fries? (CNN News)
      "Obesity is the result of an extremely complex interplay of factors, including dietary habits, environment, genes, etc. One of the best studies available, appearing last year in The New England Journal of Medicine, tells a more complicated picture."

      "The study shows that if you increase drinking sugary beverages by one serving per day, it will lead you to gain an additional pound of body weight over four years. A similar amount of weight would be gained from eating an additional serving of red or processed meat daily for four years. But when it comes to potato chips, there seems to be a stronger relationship with weight gain (1.65 pounds). And French fries blew away the numbers (3.65 pounds)." 06-12

  2. -Editorial: Restricting the Size of Sugary Drinks Is a Worthy Experiment (CNN News)
      "Some object that the [New York] mayor's proposal to restrict serving sizes will restrict liberty. But the liberty restricted is not the liberty of the soda-drinker. If they wish, soda drinkers can buy a 2-liter bottle of soda at the grocery for about $1.70 and pour as much of it down their throats as they wish. The liberty that is being restricted is the liberty of the soda seller to manipulate known human weaknesses to the seller's advantage and the buyer's detriment."

      "There is little doubt about the serious health effects of sugary soda. Just one soda a day doubles a woman's risk of diabetes, according to the Harvard Journals of Public Health. Two sodas raises her risk of heart disease by 40%." 06-12

  3. Exercise and Obesity (ABC News)
      "The problem ultimately is about not exercise itself but the way we've come to define it. Many obesity researchers now believe that very frequent, low-level physical activity — the kind humans did for tens of thousands of years before the leaf blower was invented — may actually work better for us than the occasional bouts of exercise you get as a gym rat." 08-09

  4. Feeling Full (ABC News)
      "Scientists are learning more about a hunger hormone called ghrelin. When you're hungry, this hormone is secreted in your stomach and intestines and sends a message to your brain to say it's time to eat."

      "Nicole Beland, a senior contributor at Women's Health magazine, says you can suppress ghrelin by eating certain foods, so you will then feel full. Carbohydrates and lean protein have been found to slow the production of ghrelin, while foods that are high in fat do not." 02-06

  5. Is Cardio-Free the Way to Be? (ABC News)
      "Dr. Jennifer Mieres, a cardiologist and American Heart Association spokesperson, "thinks people should build and strengthen their muscles, especially women who face the possibility of developing osteoporosis" through strength training."

      " 'But the evidence is overwhelming,' she says. 'You need to do some cardio workout to change your cardiac profile to make it better, to prevent death from heart disease and stroke.' "

  6. Microbes in Your Gut Could Be a Key to Obesity (Time.com)
      "It’s tempting to consider the kind of strategies this new classification might provide in the fight against obesity and metabolic diseases. It suggests the possibility of identifying via the microbiome people who, though obese, may be relatively healthy, and alerting those who may not yet be obese or suffer a metabolic illness that they may be at higher risk of both. At this point, however, the next stage is to continue studying these and other groupings of gut microbiomes, and to explore the nature of the relationship between specific bacteria and metabolism, wrote two scientists who were not involved in the work, Sungsoon Fang and Ronald M. Evans of the Salk Institute, in a commentary piece in the same issue of Nature." 08-13

  7. Mind-Stomach Link (MSNBC News)
      "After years of sometimes unorthodox research, Wansink argues that a good way to lose weight is not by obsessing over carbs or banning trans fats, but by addressing dietary 'hidden persuaders.' " 11-06

  8. Obesity Linked to Cancer (USAToday.com - Hellmich)
      "Excess body weight may contribute to about 20% of all cancer deaths in women and 14% of all cancer deaths in men. This translates to about 90,000 cancer deaths a year in the USA, according to a landmark study on the link between obesity and cancer."

      "About 65% of Americans are overweight or obese. Obesity is defined as 30 or more pounds over a healthy weight; overweight is 10 to 30 pounds over a healthy weight." 4-03

  9. Obesity Overview and Treatment (PDRHealth.com)
      "Affected individuals should seek treatment through clinical programs provided by licensed health care professionals. Bariatric physicians are specialized in treating obesity and its related diseases. Treatment is also offered through nonclinical commercial enterprises such as Weight Watchers, Jenny Craig, and Nutrisystem." 11-06

  10. Obesity Rates Rise in the U.S. (MSNBC News)
      "Obesity rates among adults rose in 23 states over the past year and didn't decline anywhere, says a new report from the Trust for America's Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation."

      Recent research suggests that obese persons, compared to non-obese persons, "live nearly as long but are much sicker for longer, requiring such costly interventions as knee replacements and diabetes care and dialysis. Studies show Medicare spends anywhere from $1,400 to $6,000 more annually on health care for an obese senior than for the non-obese." 07-09

  11. Obesity Rates by State (PBS News)
      "When considering non-Hispanic white adults, zero states had a prevalence of obesity of 35% or greater. However, for non-Hispanic black adults, 28 states and the District of Columbia reported that 35% or more of the demographic is obese." 09-14

  12. Scientists: Marketing of "Junk" Food Effective - Stop It (MSNBC News)
      "SpongeBob SquarePants, Shrek and other characters kids love should promote only healthy food, a panel of scientists recommended."

      "In a report released Tuesday, the Institute of Medicine said television advertising strongly influences what children under 12 eat." 12-05

  13. Study: Eat More, Weigh Less (MSNBC News)
      "Surprisingly, the component of foods that has the biggest impact on how much food you eat is water. Water adds weight and volume to foods without adding calories — it lowers the calorie density of foods. Water-rich foods include vegetables, fruits and soups. Our studies show that eating a diet low in calorie density helps people eat fewer calories while still eating a satisfying amount of food." 11-06

  14. Survey: Attitudes More OK With Overweight People (CBS News)
      "A survey finds America's attitudes toward overweight people are shifting from rejection toward acceptance. Over a 20-year period, the percentage of Americans who said they find overweight people less attractive steadily dropped from 55 percent to 24 percent, the market research firm NPD Group found." 01-06

  15. Trans Fats
  16. Want to Make It to 85? (MSNBC News)
      "One of the largest, longest studies of aging found one more reason to stay trim and active: It could greatly raise your odds of living to at least age 85." 11-06

  17. Women May Have More Difficulty Than Men in Hunger Control (CBS News)
      "Hungry women can't control their desire for food as well as hungry men can, a brain imaging study suggests."

      "The finding may explain why women are more prone to emotional eating and why women are less likely than men to lose weight while dieting."

      " 'Women have a much stronger reaction to food, such that whether they try to inhibit their desire or not, they have stronger signal [in the part of the brain that controls hunger perception and desire to eat],' study leader Gene-Jack Wang, MD, tells WebMD." 01-09

Purchase Resources
  1. Big Underwear (GreatBigStuff.com)
      Awesome Library does not endorse this product but provides it as an example. 08-07

Research
  1. Obesity Research Journal (Nature.com)
      Provides results from research studies. 12--09

   
   


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