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Native American Groups

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Apache
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  1. Ancient Native Americans
  2. Native American Languages in General
  3. Native Americans
Papers
  1. -Contact Information for Native Tribes of the USA and Canada (First Nations) star
      Provides an alphabetical listing of tribes, along with their contact information. Includes federally recognized tribes, state recognized tribes, and Native organizations without federal or state recognition. 9-05

  2. -Nations - History (First Nations) star
      Provides an excellent description of tribes and nations. It is the source for many other Native American resources in this section. 9-05

  3. -Nations of Native Americans A - F (NativeWeb)
      Includes Abenaki, Aberesh, Acadians, Accohannock, Acjachemem, Acoma, Ainu, Akha, Akwesasne, Algonquin, Alutiiq, Ani-Stohini - Unami, Anishinaabe, Anishinabek, Apache, Arapaho, Arawak, Ashaninka, Assiniboine, Athabascan, Aymara, Aztec (Nahua), Barona, Basque, Berber, Blackfeet, Blackfoot, Caddo, Cajun, Carib, Cayuga, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Chickasaw, Chicora, Chinook, Chippewa, Choctaw, Chumash, Coeur d'Alene, Cofan, Colville, Comanche, Commanche, Costanoan, Cowlitz, Cree, Creek (Muskogee), Crow, Dakota, Delaware, Dogon, Edisto, Euchee, Evenki, Fernandeño/Tataviam, and Flathead.

  4. -Nations of Native Americans G - L (NativeWeb)
      Includes Garifuna, Gila River, Gros Ventre, Guarani, Gwitchan, Haida, Haudenosaunee, Havasupai, Hidatsa, Ho-Chunk, Hoopa, Hopi, Huichol, Innu, Inuit, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Inupiat, Iowa, Ioway, Iroquois, Kainai, Kalispel, Kanak, Kanaka Maoli, Kanienkehaka, Karen, Karuk, Kaw, Kawésqar, Khama, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Klallam, Klamath, Kogi, Koorie, Korowai, Korubo, Ktunaxa, Kuna, Kurdistan, Kwagiutl, Kwakiutl, Laguna, Lahu, Lakota, Lawa, Lenape, Lenca, Lenni-Lenape, Lisu, Lubicon, Lumbee, and Lummi Nation.

  5. -Nations of Native Americans M - P (NativeWeb)
      Includes Maasai, Makah, Maliseet, Maori, Mapuche, Mattaponi, Maya, Mechoopda, Menominee, Metis, Mi'kmaw, MicMac, Mingo, Miskitu, Miwok, Mixteca, Mlabri, Mohave, Mohawk, Mohegan, Mohican, Monacan, Montaukett, Muscogee, Nanticokes, Narragansett, Nasion Chamoru, Naticoke, Navajo, Nez Perce, Ngarrindjeri, Nipmuc, Nisga'a, Nungas (Australia), Odawa, Ogoni, Ohiyesa, Ohlone, Ojibwe, Okmulgee (Creek), Omaha, Oneida, Onondaga, Osage, Paiute, Palong, Passamaquoddy, Pawnee, Pehuenche, Penobscot, Pequot, Pima, Piscataway, Pocomoke, Pocumtuck, Pomo, Ponca, Potawatomi, Powhatan, Pueblo, and Puyallup.

  6. -Nations of Native Americans Q - T (NativeWeb)
      Includes Q'anjob'al, Quapaw, Quechua, Quileute, Quinault, S'Klallam, Sac, Sakha(Yakoutie), Salish, Salteaux, Sami, Santee, Saponi, Secwepemc, Seminole, Seneca, Shawnee, Shoshone, Shuswap, Siksika, Siletz, Sioux, South Asia, Stillaguamish, Stockbridge-Munsee, Sukuma, Suquamish, Swinomish, Tachi, Taino, Tainui, Tamil, Tarahumara (Raramuri), Taroko, Thins, Tigua, Tionontati, Tiwa, Tlingit, Tohono O'odham, Totonacs, Tsalagi, Tsimshian, Tsnungwe, Tuareg, Tulalip, Turkic, and Tuscarora.

  7. -Nations of Native Americans U - Z (NativeWeb)
      Includes U'wa, Umatilla, Umpqua, Upik, Upper Nicola, Ute, Vuntut, Wabanaki, Wailaki, Wampanoag, Washoe, Wea, Wendat-Huron, Wenro, Westbank, Wichita, Wikwemikong, Winnebago, Wintu, Wiradjuri, Wiyot, Wyandot, Yakama, Yakima, Yanomami, Yao, Yaqui, Yavapai-Apache, Yokuts, Yugur, Yurok, and Zuni.

  8. Abenaki Word Lists (Cowasuck.org)
      Provides lessons on Abenaki. 03-06

  9. Algonkin Nation History (First Nations)
      "If for no other reason, the Algonkin would be famous because their name has been used for the largest native language group in North America." 2-00

  10. Algonquian Language Family (Native-Language.org)
      Includes Eastern Algonquian Languages: Abenaki-Penobscot (Dialects: Abenaki and Penobscot), Maliseet-Passamaquoddy (Dialects: Maliseet and Passamaquoddy), Mi'kmaq (Micmac), Lenape Languages: Delaware (Lenape), Munsee Delaware, and Nanticoke, Mohican Languages: Mahican (Mohican/Stockbridge), Mohegan, Narragansett, and Wampanoag (Massachusett).

      Central Algonquian Languages: Cree Languages, Attikamekw (Tete de Boule), Cree, Michif (Cree-French creole), Montagnais Innu, and Naskapi Innu. Ojibwa Languages: Algonkin (Algonquin), Ojibwe (Chippewa, Ojibwa, Ojibway, Anishinabemowin), and Ottawa (Odawa). Kickapoo, Menominee, Mesquakie-Sauk (Sac and Fox), Miami-Illinois, Potawatomi, and Shawnee.

      Plains Algonquian Languages: Arapaho Languages: Arapaho and Gros Ventre (Atsina). Blackfoot (Siksika, Peigan, Blackfeet), and Cheyenne.

      California Algic (Ritwan) Languages: Wiyot and Yurok.

      Lost/Unattested/Uncertain Algonquian Remnant Languages: Beothuk, Etchemin, Loup A/Loup B, Lumbee (Croatan, Pamlico), and Powhatan. 11-03

  11. Algonquian: "Dead" Indian Language Revived (MSNBC News)
      "Of perhaps 400 Indian languages spoken in North America in 1500, about 45 are in common use today, one expert estimated."

      A movie director chose the task of researching pre-1800's Algonquian language in order to include it in a movie about colonial era Virginia. "The best source was a list of Indian words and their meanings compiled by a Jamestown colonist in the 1600s. But it had been recopied by some of the 17th century's most incompetent scribes. Their N's looked like A's, which looked like U's, and they had a serious problem with spelling. The Algonquian word for 'ants' had been mislabeled as 'aunts,' and the word for 'herring' had become 'hearing.' " 12-06

  12. Athapascan Languages (Billabbie.com)
      Provides information on the extinct Athapascan native languages of California, as well as Hupa, which is still spoken. 7-00

  13. Beothuk Nation History (First Nations)
      "One thing that is known about the Beothuk was their love of the color red." 2-00

  14. Blackfeet Nation (NativeAmericans.com)
      Provides basic information about the tribe and its history. 03-06

  15. Catawba Nation History (First Nations) 2-00
  16. Chicora Nation and the Coree (First Nations - Pate)
      "The Coree tradition was a proud history of alliance with the English of Walter Raleigh's Lost Colony. It was a driving force in colonization of North Carolina." 12-03

  17. Colville Confederated Tribes - Recognition by the Supreme Court (FindLaw.com)
      Provides a summary of a Supreme Court finding that the Colville Confederated Tribes still had a reservation, despite the sale of lands within the reservation. 9-00

  18. Crow Nation (Wikipedia.org)
      "The Crow, also called the Absaroka or Apsáalooke, are a tribe of Native Americans who historically lived in the Yellowstone river valley and now live on a reservation south of Billings, Montana. The tribal headquarters are located at Crow Agency, Montana." 03-06

  19. Delaware Nation History (First Nations - Sultzman)
      "Originally in 1600, the Delaware River Valley from Cape Henlopen, Delaware north to include the west side of the lower Hudson Valley in southern New York. The Delaware were not migratory and appear to have occupied their homeland for thousands of years before the coming of the Europeans." 6-02

  20. Erie Nation History (First Nations)
      "In 1615 Étienne Brulé met a group of Erie near Niagara Falls. So far as is known, this was their only encounter with Europeans. At the time the Erie were members of a three-way alliance (Neutrals and Wenro) against the Iroquois." 6-02

  21. Far North Indians - Daily Life (Donn)
      Provides information on the daily lives of the ancient Far North Indians. 03-06

  22. Huron Nation History (First Nations)
      "Ouendake (called Huronia by the French) was the original homeland of the Huron occupying a fairly compact area of central Ontario between the southern end of Georgian Bay and Lake Simcoe."

  23. Inuit - Daily Life (Donn)
      Provides information on the daily lives of the ancient Inuit Indians. 03-06

  24. Inupiat of the Arctic Circle (ArcticCircle.UConn.edu)
      "By the mid-1960s, there was general agreement that while religious institututions could help a great deal in providing a sense of identity and purpose for the devout, they were simply not designed to address the mounting economic problems facing indigenous Arctic Alaskans and other Native peoples within the state. Just how serious were these problems?"

  25. Klallam Phrases, Alphabet, and Language (Charles and Smith)
      Provides translations for phrases and words. Also provides an explanation of the alphabet. 6-02

  26. Mahican Nation History (First Nations)
      "When James Fenimore Cooper wrote 'Last of the Mohicans' in 1826 he made the Mahican famous." 2-00

  27. Mascouten Nation History (First Nations) 2-00
  28. Massachut Nation History (First Nations)
      "Contact with Europeans probably occurred at an early date, perhaps as soon as John Cabot in 1497... " 2-00

  29. Mattabesic Nation History (First Nations) 2-00
  30. Menominee Nation History (First Nations) 2-00
  31. Metoac Nation History (First Nations)
      "The Metoac had the misfortune to occupy Long Island which was regarded as the source of the best wampum in the Northeast." 2-00

  32. Miami Nation History (First Nations) 2-00
  33. Micmac Nation History (First Nations)
      "The first known contact was made in 1497 by John Cabot who took three Micmac with him when he returned to England." 2-00

  34. Mohegan Nation History (First Nations)
      "Mohegan means wolf. So does Mahican, but these are the names of two distinct Algonquin tribes..." 2-00

  35. Montagnais Nation History (First Nations)
      "Montagnais considered porcupine a delicacy." 2-00

  36. Narragansett Nation History (First Nations) 2-00
  37. Native American
  38. Nauset Nation History (First Nations) 2-00
  39. Neutrals Nation History (First Nations) 2-00
  40. Niantic (First Nations) 2-00
  41. Nipissing (First Nations)
      "Probably their most interesting feature was their reputation among other tribes for the spiritual power of their shamans." 2-00

  42. Nipmuc (First Nations)
      "There never was a Nipmuc tribe as such. Nipmuc is a geographical classification given to the native peoples who lived in central Massachusetts and the adjoining parts of southern New England. They lived in independent bands and villages, some of which at different times were allied with, or subject to, the powerful native confederacies which surrounded them." 12-03

  43. Northwest Pacific Coastal - Daily Life (Donn)
      Provides information on the daily lives of the ancient Northwest Pacific Coastal Indians. 03-06

  44. Oneida Nation
      Provides a history. 03-06

  45. Osage Nation History (The Osage Tribal Council and The Osage Tribe) 6-02
  46. Paiute Tribe (NativeAmericans.com)
      Provides a history.

  47. Pennacook (First Nations) 2-00
  48. Pequot (First Nations)
      "Actually, migration was rare until settlement displaced the eastern tribes and began a chain reaction of movement to the west." 2-00

  49. Pocahontas (Morenus)
      Provides a short history and compares it to the fictional movie version. 1-01

  50. Pocumtuc (First Nations) 2-00
  51. Potawatomi Tribes
  52. Powhatan Renape Nation
  53. Rainforest People (ChristianAnswers.net)
      Provides information about the daily lives, such as food, clothes, and environment, of the rainforest people of South America near the Amazon River. 11-04

  54. Shawnee (First Nations)
      'So live your life that the fear of death can never enter your heart. Trouble no one about their religion; respect others in their view, and demand that they respect yours. Love your life, perfect your life, beautify all things in your life. Seek to make your life long and its purpose in the service of your people.' - Chief Tecumseh 6-02

  55. Siletz - Confederated Tribes of Siletz
  56. Susquehannock (First Nations)
      "The Susquehannock have been called noble and heroic. They have also been described as aggressive, warlike, imperialistic, and bitter enemies of the Iroquois." 2-00

  57. Tionontati (First Nations)
      "In almost every way, including language, the culture and lifestyles of the Tionontati were identical with that of the Huron who lived just to the east of them. Despite these similarities, the Tionontati always maintained their political autonomy and never became members of the Huron Confederacy, only trading partners and military allies." 12-03

  58. Tuscaroras Nation (Contains Audio Clip)
  59. Warm Springs - Confederated Tribes - Recognition by the Supreme Court (WarmSprings.com)
      "Long before Europeans set foot on the North American continent, the three tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation - - the Wasco, the Walla Walla (later called the Warm Springs), and the Paiute - - had developed societies beside the Columbia River, the Cascade Mountains, and other parts of Oregon." 6-02

  60. Warm Springs Confederated Tribes History
      Provides a short history of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs. 9-00

  61. Wenro (First Nations)
      "What little is known about them has come to us from the Huron, since there was no direct contact between the Wenro and Europeans until after a large group of Wenro refugees came to the Huron villages in 1639. Oil was highly prized by the Iroquian tribes in the region for its medicinal properties, and the trade for this commodity is the major reason the Wenro maintained good relations with the Huron." 12-03

  62. Winnebago (First Nations)
      "Their clothing was fringed buckskin, which the Winnebago frequently decorated with beautiful designs created from porcupine quills, feathers and beads..."

      "Winnebago clans served both ceremonial and social functions, but in distinctive Siouan characteristic, were grouped into two major divisions, or moieties: an Upper (Sky) with four clans; and a Lower (Earth) having eight."

      "Of course, they never surrendered their distinctive Siouan language, but it was not uncommon for a Winnebago to speak several languages besides his own (Algonquin, French, and English). Originally a farming people, the Winnebago lived in large semi-permanent villages." 12-03

  63. Winnebago Resources (WinnebagoTribe.com)
      Provides history, news, government, and more. 9-04

  64. Wyandot Nation (Wyandot Nation of Kansas)
      Provides early history. 2-01

  65. Yakama History (Healy)
      Provides a short background on the Yakama Nation and includes a Yakima flag. 9-00

  66. Yakima Nation (NativeAmericans.com)
      Provides basic facts, pictures, and links. 03-06

   
   


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