- Ancient History
- Ancient Native Americans
- Multicultural Toolkit
- Native American Languages in General
- Native Americans By Group, Tribe, or Nation
- Aboriginal Peoples Worldwide Links (Henderson)
Provides links. 10-09
- Native American Indian Resources (Giese)
Provides sources of information on the cultures of Native Americans.
- Native American Links (Henderson)
Provides links. 10-09
- Native American Resources (Ableza)
Provides links to Native American information, stories, and history. 2-00
- Native American Resources (FirstGov.gov)
Provides information on jobs, education, environment, housing, and more for tribes and Native Americans. 9-04
- Native American Resources (Haa tl'atgi )
Provides links to Native American resources, including a special emphasis on Tlingit and Haida communities.
- Native American Resources (NativeTech)
- Native Americans (Information Please)
Provides an alphabetic listing. 10-04
- Native Americans in American History (Global Access to Educational Sources)
Provides American history sources on indigenous peoples. 4-03
- Native Canadian Links (Henderson)
Provides links. 10-09
- NativeWeb Home Page
- US Senate - Committee on Indian Affairs (US Senate)
- -08-28-08 Study: Over 10 Percent of Native American Deaths Alcohol-related (MSNBC News)
"Almost 12 percent of the deaths among Native Americans and Alaska Natives are alcohol-related — more than three times the percentage in the general population, a new federal report says." 08-08
- Historical Information and News for Youth (NativeVillage.org)
Provides Native American news and historical information through a newsletter for youth. 1-00
- "Dead" Indian Language Revived (MSNBC News)
"Of perhaps 400 Indian languages spoken in North America in 1500, about 45 are in common use today, one expert estimated."
A movie director chose the task of researching pre-1800's Algonquian language in order to include it in a movie about colonial era Virginia. "The best source was a list of Indian words and their meanings compiled by a Jamestown colonist in the 1600s. But it had been recopied by some of the 17th century's most incompetent scribes. Their N's looked like A's, which looked like U's, and they had a serious problem with spelling. The Algonquian word for 'ants' had been mislabeled as 'aunts,' and the word for 'herring' had become 'hearing.' " 12-06
- Ancient Native Americans - Daily Life (Donn)
Provides information on the daily lives of the ancient Iroquois, Anasazi, Pacific Coastal, Ojibwa/Chippewa, Pueblo, Inuits, Cherokee, Hopi, Far North, Seminole, Apache, Incas, Plains People, Navajo, Mayas, Sioux, California, and Aztecs.
- Battle of the Little Bighorn (Wikipedia.org)
"The Battle of the Little Bighorn, known to Lakota as the Battle of the Greasy Grass, and commonly referred to as [George Armstrong] Custer's Last Stand, was an armed engagement between combined forces of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes, against the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. The battle, which occurred June 25–26, 1876, near the Little Bighorn River in eastern Montana Territory, was the most prominent action of the Great Sioux War of 1876. It was an overwhelming victory for the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho, led by several major war leaders, including Crazy Horse and Chief Gall, inspired by the visions of Sitting Bull...."
- California's Brutal History through Native Eyes (Truth-Out.org)
"While entire family units fleeing Europe were landing on the East Coast, the Spanish were intent on protecting geopolitical interests by creating a physical buffer zone with native converts and colonial subjects. The task of Franciscan padres and accompanying soldiers was to subjugate Indians, not wipe them out."
"But Spanish imperial rule set off a disastrous chain of events so destructive that between 1769 and 1900, the California Indian population declined by a catastrophic 95 percent." 11-13
- Crazy Horse Biography (PBS.org)
Provides a biography. 6-02
- First Nations Project
- Ghost Dance (Kavanagh)
- Hide Tanning (NativeTech)
- Jackson, Helen Hunt (Gale Group)
Provides a biography of "one of the most influential defenders of Native American rights in late 19th-century America."6-00
- Native Activists and the Future (Massa and Cascadia Planet - LaDuke)
Provides statements from Winona LaDuke about "White" views of the environment compared to the Native views. She also discusses the difference between Native Activists and Environmentalists.
- Native American Groups
- Native American Spirituality (Robinson)
Discusses Native American spirituality. "Many followers of Native American spirituality, do not regard their spiritual beliefs and practices as a 'religion' in the way in which many Christians do. Their beliefs and practices form a integral and seamless part of their very being." 10-09
- Old Indian Legends (University of Virginia Library)
Provides 14 legends involving animals. 10-09
- Plains Indian Markings (Viewzone)
Provides a description of markings and meanings of the ancient Plains Indians of the United States.
- Poetry and Stories of Native Americans (NativeTech.org)
Provides stories and poetry. 10-09
- Pow Wows (White)
Provides tips for guests of Pow Wows, such as how to behave at a Pow Wow. 9-00
- Schalk, Lynell (Archaeology.org - Schiffman)
"In the course of her 30-year career fighting archaeological crime, Lynell Schalk showed grit and determination in her mission to preserve this country's Native American cultural heritage." 04-06
- Sitting Bull (The West Project and WETA)
Provides a short history of the famous Lakota chief and holy man who resisted expansion of territory by the European Americans. 6-02
- Test Bias - Examples (NWREL - Kuykendall)
Provides examples of test bias for persons of diverse minority groups. 3-02
- Treaties Between the United States and Native Americans (Yale Law College - Avalon Project)
Provides teaties by century, from the eighteenth century through the twenty-first. Also provides some of the available treaties from 1778 - 1868. 9-04
- UN Aopts Treaty on Native Rights (BBC News)
"The United Nations General Assembly has adopted a non-binding declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples after 22 years of debate. The treaty sets down protections for the human rights of native peoples, and for their land and resources. It passed despite opposition from Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States. They said it was incompatible with their own laws."
"There are estimated to be up to 370 million indigenous people in the world." 09-07
- Who Can Claim to Be a Native American? (CNN News)
"Many tribes use parentage as a means of defining membership. Known as 'blood quantum,' the practice defines tribal membership according to the degree of 'pure blood' belonging to that tribe. For example, a person with one grandparent belonging to one tribe and three grandparents not belonging to that tribe would be considered to have a 'blood quantum' of one-quarter. The minimum amount of blood quantum required can be as little as one-thirty-second (equivalent to one great-great-great-grandparent) or as high as one-half (equivalent to one full-blooded tribal parent)."
"Many tribes began using blood quantum after the passage of the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act, which allowed tribes to establish their own governments. But others continued to define membership in other ways- including by lineal descent (being able to prove that you had an ancestor listed as a member of that tribe, regardless of your actual percentage of tribal blood), residence on tribal lands, knowledge of tribal language and culture, or membership in a recognized clan." 09-12
- Mentoring Native American Classrooms by Email (Electronic Mentoring Project)
Provides teachers with an opportunity to mentor Native American classrooms through email contact. 10-99
- Language Translations (World Language Resources)
Provides resources for various Native American languages.
- NativeWeb Electronic Store