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Nuclear Nonproliferation

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2006
2007

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  1. Nuclear Power
  2. Nuclear and Dirty Bombs
News
  1. News Related to Nuclear Nonproliferation (IAEA.org)
      Provides daily news.

  2. U.S. National Nuclear Security Authority (National Nuclear Security Authority)
      Provides news and priorities.

Papers
  1. -Editorial: A Blueprint for Preventing Nuclear Terrorism (Time.com)
      "Today’s terrorists have global reach, so that mission rightly requires a broad international effort. But the United States and Russia possess 95% of the world’s nuclear weapons and most of the world’s weapons-usable nuclear material, and so bear a special responsibility for preventing nuclear terrorism." 03-12

  2. New Doubts about Using Plutonium for Fuel (New York Times)
      "The project grew out of talks with the Russians to shrink nuclear arsenals after the cold war. The plant at the Savannah River Site, once devoted to making plutonium for weapons, would now turn America’s lethal surplus to peaceful ends. Blended with uranium, the usual reactor fuel, the plutonium would be transformed into a new fuel called mixed oxide, or mox."

      "After studying a range of options, the Clinton administration decided to build a mox fuel plant to dispose of a portion of the plutonium, awarding a contract to a consortium now called Shaw Areva Mox Services."

      "The rest of the plutonium was to be mixed with highly radioactive nuclear waste and immobilized in glass or ceramic blocks, making it difficult and dangerous for any thief to extract. The government judged the mox route to be more expensive, but the dual-track approach was seen as insurance should either fail." 04-11

  3. Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) (IAEA.org) star
      Provides the text of the treaty. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) monitors compliance with the treaty. "The NPT is a landmark international treaty whose objectives are to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to foster the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving general and complete disarmament. The Treaty establishes a safeguards system under the responsibility of the IAEA, which also plays a central role under the Treaty in areas of technology transfer for peaceful purposes." Also provides news, current status of compliance, and the legal framework for safeguards.

  4. Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (Wikipedia.org)
      "The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT, or, much more rarely, NNPT) is a treaty, opened for signature on July 1, 1968, to limit the spread of nuclear weapons. The vast majority of sovereign states (188) are parties to the treaty."

      "The treaty is often summarized as having three pillars: nonproliferation, disarmament, and the right to peacefully use nuclear technology." 04-06

  5. Nuclear Terrorism a Global Security Priority (ABC News)
      "World leaders from 47 countries are descending on Washington, D.C., this week for an unprecedented summit to discuss what is arguably one of the most pressing global security questions: What can be done to prevent a nuclear weapons attack by terrorists?" 04-10

  6. Obama Plans Reduction of Nuclear Arsenal (BBC News)
      "The review comes as the US and Russia appear close to a new deal to cut their nuclear arsenals, despite Moscow's concerns over Washington's missile defence plans."

      "The document will also set the tone for the next five-yearly review conference of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, or NPT agreement, to be held in May." 03-10

  7. Report: Nuclear Materials Are Not Secure (ABC News)
      "A new report shows that President Barack Obama is a long way from reaching his goal of locking down the world's nuclear weapons material by next year." 01-12

  8. Secret Transfer of Nuclear Materials (McClatchydc.com)
      "Working under extraordinary secrecy, the U.S. and Kazakh governments in the past year have moved nuclear material that could have been used to make more than 770 bombs from a location feared vulnerable to terrorist attack to a new high-security facility." 11-10

  9. Study Ranks Countries on Nuclear Security (New York Times)
      "Now, for the first time publicly, experts have surveyed the precautions each country has in place and ranked the nations from best to worst. The study is full of surprises and potential embarrassments: for instance, Australia takes first place in nuclear security and Japan comes in at No. 23, behind nations like Kazakhstan and South Africa."

      "The United States? It tied for 13th place with Belgium. Last place goes to North Korea, a police state that the report finds to be seriously deficient on issues of atomic security." 01-12

  10. Tracking Nuclear Proliferation (PBS News)
      Provides maps, timelines, and a glossary.

  11. Types of Nuclear Bombs (PBS News)
      "Fission, or atomic bombs, can be as small as one kiloton (KT) of explosive power or as large as several hundred kilotons. This is in contrast to the much larger thermonuclear or hydrogen bombs, which can be a thousand times bigger than atomic bombs. They are expressed in millions of tons of TNT or megatons (MT)."

   
       


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