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Particle Physics

Sub-Topics
2005
Antimatter
CPT Symmetry
Feynman Diagrams
Higgs Boson
Large Hadron Collider
Lorentz Symmetry
Quantum Field Theory
Standard Model
Supersymmetry Model

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  1. Quantum Mechanics
Papers
  1. Elementary Particles (PBS.org - NOVA)
      Provides a short description of each of the elementary particles that make up the known universe. 10-03

  2. Gravitons May Link Subatomic Particles and Beginning of Time (UniSci.com - Hogan and Stricherz)
      "Unlike subatomic particles that make up matter and energy as we know them, gravitons are elementary particles that compose the fabric of space and time."

      " 'No one has ever seen a graviton, but with these new efforts we might,' Hogan said. 'If you can see gravitons in these maps, then you'll start to see the essence of space and time and matter.' " 3-02

  3. Muons (Wikipedia.org)
      "In the Standard Model of particle physics, a muon (from Greek letter mu used to represent it) is a semistable fundamental particle with negative electric charge and a spin of 1/2. Together with the electron, the tau lepton and the neutrinos, it is classified as part of the lepton family of fermions. Like all fundamental particles, the muon has an antimatter partner of opposite charge but equal mass and spin: the antimuon." 01-06

  4. Neutrinos (Wikipedia.org)
      "The neutrino is an elementary particle. It has half-integer spin... and is therefore a fermion." 01-06

  5. Neutrinos - A Detailed History (Verkindt)
      Provides a timeline of theories and discoveries related to the neutrino. 7-00

  6. Neutrinos - A Short History (Casper)
      Provides a timeline of theories and discoveries related to the neutrino. 7-00

  7. Neutrinos - Tau Neutrino Observed (BBC News - Whitehouse)
      Provides a diagram of the building blocks of the universe. The Tau Neutrino was the last to be discovered, making the Standard Model complete. 7-00

  8. Neutrinos, A History (Verkindt)
      Starts in 1898 with a history of discovery and understanding of the neutrino. 6-01

  9. Particle Physics (Wikipedia.org)
      "Particle physics is a branch of physics that studies the elementary constituents of matter and radiation, and the interactions between them. It is also called high energy physics, because many elementary particles do not occur under normal circumstances in nature, but can be created and detected during energetic collisions of other particles, as is done in particle accelerators." 01-06

  10. Particle Physics - Glossary of Terms (Bradley)
      Provides a description of key particles and forces that physicists believe are the building blocks of the universe. 7-00

  11. Particle Physics - Introduction (Bradley)
      Provides a description of key particles and forces that physicists believe are the building blocks of the universe. 7-00

  12. Particle Physics Timeline (Lafo)
      Provides a description of key discoveries. Although it is written and illustrated by high school students, under the guidance of Lafo, the explanations are somewhat technical and above the reading level of many high school students. The timeline stops in 1995, leaving out the discovery of the Tau Neutrino. 7-00

  13. Photons (Wikipedia.org)
      "In some respects a photon acts as a particle, for instance when registered by the light sensitive device in a camera. In other respects, a photon acts like a wave, as when passing through the optics in a camera." 01-06

  14. Physics Beyond the Standard Model (Scientific American)
      "The Standard Model of particle physics is at a pivotal moment in its history: it is both at the height of its success and on the verge of being surpassed." 01-06

  15. Quarks (Wikipedia.org)
      "Quarks are one of the two basic constituents of matter in the Standard Model of particle physics. (The others are leptons.) Antiparticles of quarks are called antiquarks. Quarks and antiquarks are the only fundamental particles which interact through all four of the fundamental forces."

      "The single most important property of quarks is called confinement. This is the experimental fact that, except for the top quark which decays too rapidly, individual quarks are not seen they are always confined inside hadrons, subatomic particles like protons, neutrons, and mesons." 01-06

  16. Tau Leptons (Wikipedia.org)
      "The tau lepton (often called the tau or occasionally the tauon) is a negatively charged elementary particle with a lifetime of 310-13 seconds and a high mass of 1777 MeV (compared to 939 MeV for protons and 0.511 MeV for electrons). It has an associated antiparticle (the anti-tau) and neutrinos (the tau neutrino and tau antineutrino)." 01-06

  17. W and Z Bosons (Wikipedia.org)
      "In physics, the W and Z bosons are the elementary particles that mediate the weak nuclear force. Their discovery at CERN in 1983 has been heralded as a major success for the Standard Model of particle physics."

      "The W particle is named after the weak nuclear force. The Z particle was semi-humourously given its name because it was said to be the last particle to need discovery. Another explanation is that the Z particle derives its name from the fact that it has zero electric charge." 01-06

   
   


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