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Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamin D

  1. Prevention of Childhood Diseases Globally (World Health Organization)
      Explains that over half of deaths of children globally is from just four conditions, pneumonia, diarrheal diseases, malaria and measles. These conditions can all be treated for 41 cents per child, including vaccines, injection equipment, vitamins, salts, and more. Provides financial support globally to fight health problems. (Diarrhea is spelled diarrhoea in the United Kingdom.) 1-01

  1. Medika Mamba to Combat Malnutrition (Washington University in St. Louis)
      "The mixture, known to Haitians as "Medika Mamba," or peanut-butter medicine, is a nutrient-rich mixture of peanuts, sugar, oil, vitamins, minerals and powdered milk. It is distributed in plastic containers for families to feed their children at home and can be stored for several months."

      "The program stems from one started in 2001 by Mark J. Manary, M.D., professor of pediatrics at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Manary's Project Peanut Butter, which uses the same nutrient-rich mixture, fed 1,000 Malawi children in the first two years, and continues to nourish thousands of starving children in the southeastern African country. Researchers found that the RUTF, also known by its brand name, Plumpy'Nut, significantly reduced childhood mortality rates from malnutrition and related diseases." 11-08

  1. -Editorial: The Global Crisis of Stunting (
      "Stunting, or stunted growth, is the result of chronic nutritional deficiencies. A stunted 5-year-old is four to six inches shorter than a non-stunted peer. But lost height is the least of concerns: a stunted child, for instance, is nearly five times more likely to die from diarrhea than a non-stunted child because of the physiological changes in a stunted body. Stunting is also associated with impaired brain development. A typical stunted brain has fewer cells. The cells themselves are somewhat smaller, and the interconnection between them is more limited. This means lasting impaired functioning, which leads in turn to significantly reduced learning. Considering the severe effects, stunting has received far too little attention for far too long."

      "Stunting is so common in some areas that it is sometimes mistaken for a genetic heritage, rather than a preventable condition. Just 21 countries straddling the globe account for more than 80% of the problem around the globe. In six countries — Afghanistan, Burundi, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Timor-Leste and Yemen — 50% or more of all children under age 5 suffer from this condition. In Afghanistan, a staggering 59% of children under age 5 are stunted."

      "How can a community, a nation or a continent ever hope to develop to its full capacity if its children cannot? In all conscience, how can those of us in societies not so afflicted withhold our help to combat stunting in the developing world? We know how to address the problem by providing expectant mothers, newborns and very young children nutrients such as proteins, fat and vitamins and minerals such as vitamin A, iron and zinc." 02-12

  2. Diets that Promote Health (U.S. News)
      "Rather than reducing a diet to its essential foods and then foods to their essential nutrients—vitamins, minerals, and other chemicals—and trying to isolate those that may contribute to good health, researchers are increasingly taking a step back and correlating health with broader eating patterns."

  3. Memory Loss and Vitamin B12 (New York Times)
      "As we age, our ability to absorb B12 from food declines, and often so does our consumption of foods rich in this vitamin. A B12 deficiency can creep up without warning and cause a host of confusing symptoms that are likely to be misdiagnosed or ascribed to aging." 12-11

  4. Reference Guide on Vitamins
      "This information is designed to help adults make informed decisions about their health and is intended to be used for general nutritional information and educational purposes only."

  5. The Best and Worst Kinds of Nuts for Health (CBS News)
      "Nuts are nature's way of showing us that good things come in small packages. These bite-size nutritional powerhouses are packed with heart-healthy fats, protein, vitamins, and minerals."

      "From our friends at, here's a look at the pros and cons of different nuts, as well as the best and worst products on supermarket shelves today." 04-12

  6. Too Much Vitamin E May Shorten Life (CBS News)
      "Vitamin E hasn't proven to be good for the heart, and now a study suggests that too much vitamin E — daily doses of 400 IU or more — actually increases the risk of dying, according to new findings." 10-04

  7. Vitamins and Wellness (New York Times)
      "The best efforts of the scientific community to prove the health benefits of vitamins keep falling short." 11-08

  8. Vitamins, Minerals, and Diet (GNC)
      Provides information and online tools to explore vitamins, minerals, and diets.


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