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Chimpanzees

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  1. Primates
Lists
  1. Chimpanzees and Other Primates (Info Service)
      Provides a list of resources on chimpanzees.

Multimedia
  1. How Animals Learn Language (Time.com)
      "TIME science writer Jeffrey Kluger visits the Great Ape Trust to meet a remarkable Bonobo ape named Kanzi."

Papers
  1. Apes Point to Origins of Human Language (MSNBC News)
      "Our closest primate relatives, the bonobos and chimps, are more versatile when communicating with their hands, feet and limbs than with their facial expressions and voices."

      "The finding, detailed online Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, supports the notion that humans were communicating with sign language long before they were speaking, an idea known as the 'gestural hypothesis.' "

  2. Bonobo Chimpanzees Like to Gossip (NPR.org)
      "Two bonobo chimpanzees in Iowa are changing how scientists think about the nature of human language."

      "Kanzi and Panbanisha understand thousands of words. They use sentences, talk on the phone, and they like to gossip. In short, they use language in many of the same ways humans do."

      "That's not supposed to be possible."

  3. Chimpanzee Genome and Human Evolution (Nature.com)
      "What makes us human? We share more than 98% of our DNA and almost all of our genes with our closest living relative, the chimpanzee. Comparing the genetic code of humans and chimps will allow the study of not only our similarities, but also the minute differences that set us apart."

      "Providing a resource for more than just genomics, Nature presents a special web focus to commemorate the genome of Pan troglodytes. Alongside the first unequivocal fossil evidence of the genus Pan, leading researchers have kindly supplied Nature with previously-unseen film of experiments and observations of chimps in the wild and from world-renowned sanctuaries." 8-05

  4. Chimpanzees (African Wildlife Foundation)
      Provides facts and a picture. "Chimps sometimes chew leaves to make them absorbent and then use them as a sponge, dipping them in water and sucking out the moisture."

  5. Chimpanzees (Kids' Planet)
      Includes a description and a drawing.

  6. Chimpanzees (Oakland Zoo)
      Provides facts and pictures of chimpanzees, especially the endangered bonobo or pygmy chimpanzee.

  7. Chimpanzees - Facts (SavetheChimps.org)
      Provides facts about the daily lives of Chimps. Also has programs for saving them from humans.

  8. Chimpanzees - Jane Goodall and Wild Chimpanzees (PBS Online and Nature)
      Provides information on chimpanzees, Goodall, and related resources. Also includes activities for children.

  9. Chimpanzees - Used Tools 5 Million Years Ago (CNN - Dykstra)
      Provides results from a study of ancient chimpanzees, suggesting that they used rocks as stone hammers to crack nuts. Visitors sometimes misspell as chimpanzes, chimpanses, or chimpansees.

  10. Nurtured Apes Show Higher IQ than Humans at 9 Months (MSNBC News)
      "Orphaned infant chimpanzees that received attentive, nurturing care from human surrogate mothers were found to be more intellectually advanced than the average human baby when both groups were compared at the age of nine months, according to a new study published in the latest issue of Developmental Psychobiology."

      "Lead researcher Kim Bard added, however, that 'Clearly the extensive linguistic ability of humans, and their ability to construct complex objects, such as the computer I'm using now, are beyond the capacity of chimpanzees.' "

      Researcher Van Ijzendoorn commented also. " 'At the moment, hundreds of thousands of orphans either social orphans abandoned by their parents or orphans who lost their parents because of AIDS (and other reasons) are raised in orphanages in Eastern European countries, Africa, China, India and elsewhere,' he said, concluding that 'enrichment of the environment in the orphanages can make a big difference in cognitive development, and we think also for emotional development.' "

  11. Study: Chimps More Similar to Humans than Apes (Astrobio.net)
      "The results also confirm that there is very little difference in the alignable regions of the human and chimp genomes. Taken together, the study's findings suggest that humans and chimps are more closely related to each other than the chimps are to the other great apes."

      " 'I think we can say that this study provides further support for the hypothesis that humans and chimpanzees should be in one genus, rather than two different genus' because we not only share extremely similar genomes, we share similar generation time,' said Yi."

  12. Why Chimps Attack (Time.com)
      "No matter how many years it has lived peacefully as a pet, a chimpanzee is not a domesticated animal and can snap without warning. "They are wild animals, and all wild animals are potentially dangerous," says Colleen McCann, a primatologist with the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and New York's Bronx Zoo. 'They are not pets. This is tragic, but it's not surprising.' "

      "But adult chimpanzees might be better described as superhuman a 200-lb. chimpanzee is five to seven times stronger than a person of the same size, especially in the upper body."

      "Nor are wild chimpanzees the docile, childlike creatures portrayed on TV. Highly territorial, chimpanzees will attack and kill other chimps. Though mostly vegetarian, they will also hunt and kill other animals for food; young male chimpanzees in Africa have been known to fashion crude weapons and use them to hunt bushbabies for meat." 02-09

   
   


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