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- Great Depression - Three Lessons (Library of Congress - Perry and Sauer)
Provides an opportunity for research so that "...students will be able to gain a better understanding of why the government takes care of its people and how this type of welfare state started. Armed with this knowledge, they can then evaluate the current need of government programs, such as welfare, Medicare and Social Security, on the federal and state level." The three lessons are designed to take 2-3 weeks. 5-02
- -03-31-08 Most Sweeping Changes Proposed Since the Great Depression (MSNBC News)
"In proposing the broadest overhaul of financial oversight since the Great Depression, the Bush administration has kicked off a fierce debate. It pits those eager to revamp an antiquated system against an industry opposed to excessive regulation."
"The administration is aware of the hardening lines. The 200-page plan set for release Monday comes with the financial system in the midst of the most severe credit crisis in two generations." 03-08
- -10-04-08 Is This Like Just Before the Great Depression? (Awesome Library)
"Unlike during the Great Depression the government is now a huge part of the economy. And officials have moved quickly, if clumsily, to contain the crisis." 10-08
- -11-25-08 Guest: The Great Depression, As I Remember (CNN News)
"We were an average blue-collar family in Altoona, Pa. My father worked at the silk mill, as a shipping clerk and later as a supervisor. As businesses in Altoona cut back and then closed entirely, the silk mill did too. My father had a backup career, giving piano lessons and playing in a five-piece band for weddings and other events. As the Depression got worse, though, those things were no longer affordable. He took a job as an insurance agent. But people didn’t have the money to buy more insurance."
"I was in the sixth grade in 1929. I got a job at our grocery store, stocking shelves for 25 or 50 cents a day, plus a bag of penny candy." 11-08
- Study: Cognitive Behavior Therapy Can Prevent Depression in Teens (U.S. News)
"After six months, the teens who had been in the therapy groups were less likely to have become depressed (21.4 percent vs. 32.7 percent). The therapy was most effective in preventing depression in children whose parent wasn’t depressed at the time (11.7 percent vs. 40.5 percent); its benefit disappeared if a parent of the child was depressed. Proof, if any is needed, that parents’ behavior has a huge influence on their children’s health and behavior, even when they’re teenagers."
"In cognitive therapy, a person learns to:
Distinguish between thoughts and feelings.
Become aware of how thoughts can influence feelings in ways that sometimes are not helpful.
Learn about thoughts that seem to occur automatically and how they can affect emotions.
Evaluate critically whether these 'automatic' thoughts and assumptions are accurate or perhaps biased.
Develop the skills to notice, interrupt, and correct these biased thoughts." 06-09
- Depression (Awesome Library)
- Depression in Children (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Provides basic suggestions. 10-09
- Depression in Children (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Provides basic suggestions.
- Depression Resources (Ivan)
Provides sources of information on depression by category. Also includes a search engine. 8-01
- Depression in Children and Adolescents (Ivan) 8-01
- Depression (Healthopedia.com)
Provides detailed information, listed by condition. 8-04
- Study: Marriage Is Helpful for Persons With Depression (MSNBC News)
"A recent study suggests that marriage provides a greater psychological boost to depressed people than to happy people, even if the marriage is so-so." 06-07
- Symptoms of Depression (RevolutionHealth.com)
"Two hallmarks of depression - symptoms key to establishing a diagnosis - are:"
* Loss of interest in normal daily activities. You lose interest in or pleasure from activities that you used to enjoy.
* Depressed mood. You feel sad, helpless or hopeless, and may have crying spells." 08-07
- Depression Treatment and Sexual Dysfunction in Women (U.S. News)
"Viagra might be more than a man's drug after all. Four years after Pfizer abandoned trials seeking FDA approval of its use as a potential treatment for female sexual arousal disorder, new research suggests that the diamond-shaped pill may help some women overcome sexual side effects caused by antidepressants." 08-07
- Glossary of Financial Terms (Finance-Glossary.com)
Provides definitions for key financial terms, such as recession, depression, gross national product (GNP), and other terms. 12-00
- Walker, Maggie (Time Magazine)
"In 1903 she convinced those who would listen to her to bring together about $9,400 and opened the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank, becoming the first woman of any race to preside over a savings institution at a time when only a handful of women held power in corporations. "We need a savings bank," she said. "Chartered, offered and run by the men and women of this order. Let us have a bank that will take nickels and turn them into dollars.""
"Bank customers deposited a nickel a week into their accounts, and the assets continued to multiply. By 1913, the bank had collected $300,000 in assets. By 1920, it had helped to purchase 600 homes. In 1929 the Great Depression struck, crippling financial institutions nationwide. But St. Luke Savings had enough in holdings to absorb all the other local black-owned banks and become Consolidated Bank and Trust, holding assets of $400,000. The bank is still headquartered in Richmond today." 02-07
- -06-22-07 Psychological Trauma to U.S. Troops Rising (Guardian Unlimited)
"Mr Gates was responding to concern by a Pentagon mental health taskforce report that incidence of psychological trauma is rising with prolonged combat duty: 38% of regular soldiers, 31% of marines, 49% of national guard, and 43% of marine reservists had symptoms of post-traumatic stress, depression, anxiety, and other psychological problems within three months of returning from active duty." 06-07
- Exercise to Improve Health (USA Today)
"Besides reducing belly fat, physical activity lowers blood pressure, cholesterol and the risk of diabetes and cancer. It reduces depression and anxiety, and it improves bone and joint health, sex drive, sleep and memory, he [Church] says."
"But Church notes that fewer than 25% of Americans meet the minimum guidelines of being moderately active for 30 minutes five or more days a week, estimates show."
" 'The average American doesn't understand that other than not smoking, exercise is the most important thing you can do for your health,' Church says. 'They think exercising is a health suggestion on par with leaving mayonnaise off their sandwich.' " 04-08
- -04-17-08 Mental Health Problems Scar 300,000 U.S. Troops (MSNBC News)
"Some 300,000 U.S. troops are suffering from major depression or post-traumatic stress from serving in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and 320,000 received brain injuries, a new study estimates." 04-08
- -09-02-08 Mental Health Issues Surface on Pakistan's Likely Leader (Newsweek.com)
"If Pakistan's upcoming election goes as expected, Asif Ali Zardari, widower of assassinated leader Benazir Bhutto, will succeed Pervez Musharraf as the country's next president, giving Zardari at least partial sway over the Muslim country's nuclear arsenal. Concerns spiked last week with the disclosure of medical records indicating that as recently as last year, doctors hired by Zardari had diagnosed him with mental problems including dementia, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder. While Zardari's spokespeople say he has been cured, multiple U.S. officials, among them Rep. Pete Hoekstra, the ranking Republican on the House Intelligence Committee, told NEWSWEEK that word of Zardari's mental-health history took them by surprise." 09-08
- -09-20-08 Government Plans to Buy Bad Mortgages (MSNBC News)
"The Bush administration is asking Congress to let the government buy $700 billion in toxic mortgages in the largest financial bailout since the Great Depression, according to a draft of the plan obtained Saturday by The Associated Press." 09-08
- -01 Largest Bank Failure in History (MSNBC News)
"As the debate over a $700 billion bank bailout rages on in Washington, one of the nation’s largest banks — Washington Mutual Inc. — has collapsed under the weight of its enormous bad bets on the mortgage market."
"One positive is that the sale of WaMu’s assets to JPMorgan Chase prevents the thrift’s collapse from depleting the FDIC’s insurance fund. But that detail is likely to give only marginal solace to Americans facing tighter lending and watching their stock portfolios plunge in the wake of the nation’s most momentous financial crisis since the Great Depression." 09-08
- Editorial: The End of American Capitalism? (MSNBC News)
"The worst financial crisis since the Great Depression is claiming another casualty: American-style capitalism." 10-08
- -001 Obama Warns Nation Regarding Economy (ABC News)
"President Obama warned today that the nation has 'inherited an economic crisis as deep and as dire as any since the Great Depression' and that 'we can no longer afford to wait and see and hope for the best.' " 02-09
- What Did the Banks Do With Your Cash? (ABC News)
"The heads of eight major banks that received $125 billion in taxpayer bailout funds were largely unapologetic for their role in helping to create the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression as they testified before Congress this morning." 02-09
- Love and Chemistry (PBS.org)
"Young, a researcher at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center at Emory University in Atlanta, studies the neurobiology that underlies pair bonds -- what nonscientists might call love."
"In an essay in the journal Nature last month, he laid out evidence that scientists may soon be able to tie the emotion 'love' to a biochemical chain of events, and might someday even be able to develop drugs that enhance social bonding -- in much the same way that pharmaceuticals today can help regulate emotions like anxiety and depression."
"In a study published in September in the Proceedings of the National Academies of Science, Walum studied a version of the AVPR1A gene that codes for vasopressin receptors in men. He studied more than 1,000 Swedish men, and found that men who carried a particular variant of the gene were less likely to be married than men without the variant, were more likely to report a recent crisis in their marriage, and ranked lower on a scale of partner bonding that asked questions such as 'how often do you kiss your mate?' "
"Now, Walum and his colleagues are studying whether there are similar relationships between oxytocin receptors and pair bonding in women -- a more difficult study, he says, because there are no genes with as straightforward a relationship to oxytocin receptors as the AVPR1A gene has to vasopressin receptors in males." 02-09
- -Study: Fish Found With Pharmaceuticals in Them (CBS News)
"Fish caught near wastewater treatment plants serving five major U.S. cities had residues of pharmaceuticals in them, including medicines used to treat high cholesterol, allergies, high blood pressure, bipolar disorder and depression, researchers reported Wednesday."
"Findings from this first nationwide study of human drugs in fish tissue have prompted the Environmental Protection Agency to significantly expand similar ongoing research to more than 150 different locations." 03-09
- -04-07-09 Communities Print Their Own Currency (USA Today)
"A small but growing number of cash-strapped communities are printing their own money.Borrowing from a Depression-era idea, they are aiming to help consumers make ends meet and support struggling local businesses." 04-09
- -Crisis Altering Wall Street (New York Times)
"There is an air of exodus on Wall Street — and not just among those being fired. As Washington cracks down on compensation and tightens regulation of banks, a brain drain is occurring at some of the biggest ones. They are some of the same banks blamed for setting off the worst downturn since the Depression." 04-09
- -02-12-10 How to Live 100 Years (Time.com)
"There's no denying that longer life expectancy is swelling the number of seniors — people over age 65 — in our population. But it's the fastest-growing subset of that superannuated group that proves the most interesting for researchers — those over age 85, in particular the centenarians born in the late 1800s, who have lived through the 1918 flu pandemic, the Great Depression and both world wars; have witnessed women's suffrage and the moon landings; and are still here, keeping up with world events during the Administration of the nation's first African-American President."
"In the most recent Census, health officials predicted that by 2050, more than 800,000 Americans would be pushing into their second century of life." 02-10
- -07-22-10 Weather and the Oil Spill (Time.com)
"Time to play good news/bad news on the Gulf spill once again. Good news: retired Coast Guard Admiral Thad W. Allen told reporters today that he was all but ready to authorize BP's static kill procedure, which would involve pumping mud in through the containment cap, and that it could begin within 48 hours. If it works, the procedure could bring an earlier end to a blown well that has spilled up to 190 million gallons of oil into the Gulf."
"However, there's trouble brewing on the horizon—literally. A storm is forming in the Caribbean, and the system is likely to move into the Gulf of Mexico over the weekend, with a 50% chance of becoming a tropical depression or storm by Friday." 07-10
- -07-27-10 Shocking New N.F.L. Poster on Concussions in Football (New York Times)
"The National Football League is producing a poster that bluntly alerts its players to the long-term effects of concussions, using words like 'depression' and 'early onset of dementia' that those close to the issue described as both staggering and overdue." 07-10
- -What Has the Stimulus Bill Done for Us? (Time.com)
"The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 — President Obama's $787 billion stimulus — has been marketed as a jobs bill, and that's how it's been judged. The White House says it has saved or created about 3 million jobs, helping avoid a depression and end a recession. Republicans mock it as a Big Government boondoggle that has failed to prevent rampant unemployment despite a massive expansion of the deficit. Liberals complain that it wasn't massive enough."
"Yes, the stimulus has cut taxes for 95% of working Americans, bailed out every state, hustled record amounts of unemployment benefits and other aid to struggling families and funded more than 100,000 projects to upgrade roads, subways, schools, airports, military bases and much more. But in the words of Vice President Joe Biden, Obama's effusive Recovery Act point man, 'Now the fun stuff starts!' The 'fun stuff,' about one-sixth of the total cost, is an all-out effort to exploit the crisis to make green energy, green building and green transportation real; launch green manufacturing industries; computerize a pen-and-paper health system; promote data-driven school reforms; and ramp up the research of the future. 'This is a chance to do something big, man!' Biden said during a 90-minute interview with TIME." 08-10
- Concussions in Football Players (CNN News)
"Scientists at the Boston University School of Medicine's Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy tested Shane's brain tissue and confirmed that before he died he was suffering with a brain disease -- chronic traumatic encephalopathy -- that seems to afflict football players."
" 'There is evidence of CTE in his brain making him yet another former NFL player who had definite CTE,' said Chris Nowinski, co-director of the traumatic encephalopathy center. Nowinski said the center has found evidence of CTE in the brains of 13 of 14 former NFL players, including Dronett."
"Usually found in much older dementia patients, CTE is an accumulation of an abnormal protein in the brain called tau, which is associated with repeated head traumas -- concussions or subconcussive hits -- that are not allowed to heal. CTE can also diminish brain tissue and is associated with memory loss, depression, impulsive behavior and rage." 03-09
- -11-10-11 Spanking as Discipline (CNN News)
"Numerous studies have pointed to negative consequences for all children who are spanked, regardless of parents' race, ethnicity, income-level or education level. Kids who are physically punished face higher risk of anxiety and depression, higher rates of aggression toward others and a more distant relationship with their parent, Gershoff said. Those risks are in addition to the risk of injury from parents who cross the line from a hard smack on a behind - still damaging, researchers said – to abuse that leaves children bruised or bleeding." 11-11
- Editorial: Reducing Gun Violence Is Not About Looking into the Minds of Killers (CNN News)
"What we do know, based on the best available scientific evidence on the link between violence and mental illness in populations, is that most violence is not caused by a major psychiatric condition like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or depression. Psychiatric disorder accounts for only about 4% of violent behavior, across the spectrum from minor to serious assaultive acts. And the vast majority of people with serious mental illnesses do not behave violently."
"If research on patterns of violence in populations tells us anything, it's that no single thing causes assaultive behavior. Even when serious psychopathology plays a role, it is almost never a sufficient explanation. Other variables -- personal background characteristics and life experience, features of the social environment, substance abuse -- all may interact to make violent acts statistically more likely. That makes it complicated to explain and very difficult to predict actions on an individual level."
"When we total up the contributions of all the risk factors with known links to violent behavior, most of it is left unexplained."
"The present national moment of grief and soul searching should not become another occasion for oversimplifying the problem of gun violence and laying the blame on any one thing -- 'it's the guns' or 'it's untreated mental illness' or 'it's the information system' or 'it's the violent popular culture in society.' It may be all of those things. We need to address all of the variables and come up with smart evidence-based policies. Looking inside the killer's head should not be the first place to start." 07-12
- -08-20-12 Editorial: Cautious Response to Housing Crisis a Key? (New York Times)
"After inheriting the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression, President Obama poured vast amounts of money into efforts to stabilize the financial system, rescue the auto industry and revive the economy."
"But he tried to finesse the cleanup of the housing crash, rejecting unpopular proposals for a broad bailout of homeowners facing foreclosure in favor of a limited aid program — and a bet that a recovering economy would take care of the rest."
"The bailouts of banks and automakers are now widely regarded as crucial steps in arresting the recession, while the depressed housing market remains a millstone." 08-12
- Guthrie, Woody: A Celebration of Woody's Music (Time.com)
"A Guthrie retrospective has the potential to be a tear-jerker. This is a folk musician who had lived in poverty, who made his mark by telling the stories of the Depression. He immortalized displaced Okies who were run down by California—that promised land turned purgatory for migrants fleeing dusty Midwestern farms. Hardship, endless roads and oppression are regular characters in his ditties, which is part of what makes his historical legacy so powerful. But it’s not the type of thing you’d associate with a birthday party." 10-12
- -001 Editorial: How a Founding Father Approached a Fiscal Cliff (New York Times)
"The staggering deficit. The possibility of impending tax hikes and significant budget cuts by the end of the year. Has the United States ever faced such a daunting financial crisis?"
"Yes — though not, as many might guess, during the Great Depression. Rather, it was shortly after the nation’s birth. It’s an experience worth examining, because the way the new country put its house in order under Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton holds several lessons for today."
"The lesson is not only what Hamilton did, but also what he did not do. In a fiscal dilemma similar to ours but far worse, and with many fewer tools at the government’s disposal, he never considered austerity or big tax hikes or cuts as a solution. Only after the country was moving toward sustained prosperity did he increase taxes, including a controversial levy on whiskey."
"What does Hamilton’s strategy mean to us today? For one thing, it recommends against obsessing over taxes, a 'fiscal cliff' and a disastrous austerity program. Instead, the answer is to increase the size of the economic pie." 11-12
- Health News and Resources for Seniors (Health and Age)
Provides health news (from Reuters) and consumer information on topics such as Alzheimer's Disease, depression, heart disease, impaired mobility, diabetes, and more.
- National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI.org)
"The National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI) is a nonprofit, grassroots, self-help, support and advocacy organization of consumers, families, and friends of people with severe mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia, major depression, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and anxiety disorders." 12-02
- Symptoms of Parkinson's (WebMD.com)
"Early symptoms of Parkinson's disease are usually mild and generally occur gradually. You may have fatigue or a general sense of uneasiness. You may feel a slight tremor or have difficulty standing. Some may notice that their speech has become softer or that their handwriting has changed. You may forget a word or thought and have feelings of depression or anxiety. Generally, friends and family may begin to notice the changes before you do. They often notice the stiffening or lack of movement, or the absence of facial expression ('masked face') seen in Parkinson's disease." 7-05
- Redefining Mental Health (Time.com)
"The DSM is important not only because it is wildly ambitious but also because mental-health professionals around the world have adopted its classification system. In the U.S., it is virtually impossible to get reimbursed by an insurance company for treatment unless a mental-health professional identifies your condition by a DSM diagnosis number."
"The American Psychiatric Association (APA), which owns the DSM, is in the process of rewriting the book, which was first published in 1952. The DSM-V, as the fifth edition will be called, is set to be published in 2012."
"Hyman noted that medical problems, whether in the mind or in the body or both, are usually caused by some combination of genes, environment, behavior and chance. "
"A continuum model like the one Hyman proposes could help solve this problem by recognizing that people aren't always one thing or another. They're sometimes just a little depressed, or a little anxious. To avoid medicalizing normal stress, the DSM-V would set a cut-off point within the spectrum. Of course, determining the right cut-off point for the DSM's 350 illnesses would take an enormous research effort, one that has begun for some disorders like depression but likely hasn't even been thought about for rare problems like sexual sadism."
"Other attendees at the APPA conference indicated that the new DSM will almost certainly adopt a continuum model for mental illnesses." 03-09
- Dying with Grace (New York Times)
"Dr. McCann said that the sisters’ religious faith insulated them from existential suffering — the 'Why me?' refrain commonly heard among those without a belief in an afterlife. Absent that anxiety and fear, Dr. McCann said, there is less pain, less depression, and thus the sisters require only one-third the amount of narcotics he uses to manage end-of-life symptoms among hospitalized patients."
" 'This is what our culture, our society, is starved for, to be rich in relationships,' Sister Mary Lou said. 'This is what everyone should have.' " 07-09
- Fibromyalgia Relief for Pain Through Tai Chi (U.S. News)
"Some 5 million Americans, mostly women, have fibromyalgia, a condition that causes pain in the muscles, ligaments, and tendons. It is also a source of sleep problems, severe fatigue, physical debilitation, and sometimes depression. As with any chronic pain, fibromyalgia is managed largely with painkillers, antidepressants, and muscle relaxants, often with little success. New research, however, offers a glimmer of hope: The ancient Chinese practice of tai chi may be an effective antidote, according to a study published in Thursday's New England Journal of Medicine." 10-09
- Mental Health Disorders (American Psychiatric Association)
Provides professional practice guidelines for treatment of 10 mental health disorders. Includes diagnostic information for eating disorders, depression, bipolar disorder, delirium, panic disorder, schizophrenia, nicotine dependence, substance abuse, dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, and more. 1-01
- Anxiety Disorders
- Bipolar Affective Disorder
- Warning About Marijuana Use (U.S. News)
"In the absence of hard answers, Volkow warns those with a family history of schizophrenia, depression, or anxiety against dabbling in marijuana—particularly in adolescence—because of the possibility of underlying vulnerability." 04-09
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