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- Bears, Polar (Kids' Planet)
Includes a description and a drawing.
- Bears, Polar (Zoological Society of San Diego)
Provides a description and includes pictures. 2-01
- Poll: Nation Polarized (CBS News)
Provides "The 2000 election results famously illustrated by the red and blue divisions on the election night map - delineated two very different Americas: one comprised of mainly coastal states that voted Democratic, and another, mostly in the South and Midwest, which voted Republican. Coming, as it did, after years of increasingly strained partisan divisions in Congress, it appeared that America was deeply divided - and many wonder if those patterns will repeat themselves in 2004." 7-04
- -Editorial: Overcoming Our National Polarity (NoneSoBlind.org)
Schmookler argues that "it is essential for those who oppose the forces presently ruling America to remember that the heart of the problem is not that these ruling powers are too conservative, or that they are too aligned with 'traditional' rather than 'progressive' values."
"To wage the struggle in those terms is not only to misunderstand the nature of our adversary. It is also to continue to fall into the trap that they have so successfully set for their opposition, and to abet their continuing seduction of millions of good people on the conservative side of America’s cultural divide. It is to help foster that spirit of divisiveness on which they feed."
"The heart of the problem, rather, is that these powers are not what they pretend to be. The darkness of the spirit that animates them is manifest in their ruthlessness and arrogance and dishonesty."
"Only by selling their false image of righteousness to good, conservative Americans could these forces gain power. But that which depends on moral lies can be defeated with moral truth—for, if these good people can be helped to see that these emperors have no moral clothes, they will withdraw their support." 12-05
- -Editorial: Polar Ice Caps Threatened (Awesome Library)
"Our greatest challenge today is to move the fresh, melting water in our polar caps and Greenland to safe land basins and water tables." 06-06
- Polar Ice Caps
- Polar Caps Melting Fast (Time.com)
"The climate is crashing, and global warming is to blame. Why the crisis hit so soon--and what we can do about it" 08-06
- Polar Ocean Soaking Up Less CO2 (BBC News)
"One of Earth's most important absorbers of carbon dioxide (CO2) is failing to soak up as much of the greenhouse gas as it was expected to, scientists say."
"This effect had been predicted by climate scientists, and is taken into account - to some extent - by climate models. But it appears to be happening 40 years ahead of schedule." 05-07
- Freshwater in the Polar Ice Caps (Hypertextbook.com)
"Ice caps are found in several places in the Arctic region (Greenland, Iceland, Baffin Island, and the island of Spitsbergen) and over most of the Antarctic region. Approximately 90% of the ice on earth, is found either in Greenland or in Antarctica. The largest ice caps on the planet are found there. Greenland is a plateau surrounded by mountains. Antarctica is composed of mountains, valleys, and lowlands. From my research, I have found different values for the volume of the polar ice caps. For Antarctica, the approximate volume is 30,000,000 km3. For Greenland, it is approximately 3,000,000 km3."
"The volume of the polar ice caps is very important, because it may provide answers to future problems regarding the earth's fresh water. In the future, fresh water in the other six continents might be depleted. Since ice caps contain over 80% of the earth's fresh water, they could be used in the future to provide fresh water for earth's growing population." 07-07
- Polar Ice Caps and Rising Ocean Levels (HowStuffWorks.com)
"The main ice covered landmass is Antarctica at the South Pole, with about 90 percent of the world's ice (and 70 percent of its fresh water). Antarctica is covered with ice an average of 2,133 meters (7,000 feet) thick. If all of the Antarctic ice melted, sea levels around the world would rise about 61 meters (200 feet). But the average temperature in Antarctica is -37°C, so the ice there is in no danger of melting. In fact in most parts of the continent it never gets above freezing."
"At the other end of the world, the North Pole, the ice is not nearly as thick as at the South Pole. The ice floats on the Arctic Ocean. If it melted sea levels would not be affected."
"There is a significant amount of ice covering Greenland, which would add another 7 meters (20 feet) to the oceans if it melted. Because Greenland is closer to the equator than Antarctica, the temperatures there are higher, so the ice is more likely to melt." 07-07
- Polar Bears Going Extinct (CBS News)
"More than two-thirds of the world's polar bears will be killed off by 2050 - including the entire population in Alaska - because of thinning sea ice from global warming in the Arctic, government scientists forecast Friday." 09-07
- Polarized Lenses (Agape1.comYahoo.com)
"Polarized lenses are unique lenses that work similarly to a Venetian blind. A blind only lets in light at certain angles, which is how a polarized lens works. With the removal of the sun’s glare, objects become more distinct and are seen in their true colors. Reduced glare off water, roads, and other objects make the polarized lens a favorite for water sports, fishing, cycling and driving." 11-07
- Sarah Palin Fought Polar Bear Protections (ABC News)
"McCain's vice-presidential pick, Alaskan Gov. Sarah Palin, sued the Bush Administration in federal court recently, charging it was too accepting of climate change studies which overstated the phenomenon's impact on polar bears. The result, she argued, would be a negative impact on her state's businesses, including oil and gas extraction."
"Three of Palin's own state scientists reviewed the USGS studies and found them sound, according to internal documents released to an Alaska professor earlier this year under the state's open records law. But she has argued, in a New York Times editorial and elsewhere, that 'there is insufficient evidence that polar bears are in danger of becoming extinct in the foreseeable future.' " 09-08
- -04-14-09 Polar Melting (MSNBC News)
"At the North Pole, new satellite photos show Arctic ice is melting so fast, many scientists now predict it will be gone within 30 years. Some researchers think it could disappear in just six." 04-09
- Gore: Polar Ice May Melt Within 5-7 Years (CBS News)
"Al Gore has told the U.N. climate conference that new data suggests the Arctic polar ice cap may disappear in the summertime as soon as five to seven years from now." 12-09
- -05-24-10 Editorial: The Polarizing Role of Churches (CNN News)
"The figures underlie a striking change in the characteristics of American churches of all denominations: in the '60s, those showing up in church on Sunday might have represented a cross-section of American viewpoints; today, they are more likely to reflect traditionalist views, further driving modernists away from religion altogether - and intensifying what some have called the 'devotional divide' in American politics."
"The difference in viewpoints between traditionalists and modernists is profound - and has dramatic effects on today’s culture wars." 05-10
- Polar Caps Explained (What-When-How.com)
Provides a non-technical description of polar ice and includes a glossary at the end. 05-11
- -11-28-12 Political Parties Polarized on How to Avoid the "Fiscal Cliff" (CBS News)
"For a Republican lawmaker, angering the Club for Growth and other anti-tax groups could result in an influx of outside money that could sink your reelection bid. It's no wonder that when CBS News' political director John Dickerson asked a senior House leadership aide if a majority of House Republicans what the chances were that a majority of House Republicans would vote for a tax increase, the response was 'pretty close to zero.' "
"Yet House Republicans cannot simply vote against any tax hikes and be on their way. That's because if lawmakers do not take action on the 'fiscal cliff,' Americans will face a tax hike at the end of the year - when the Bush-era tax cuts, the payroll tax cut, and other ostensibly-temporary tax breaks expire. These Republicans are in a box: If they vote in favor of a deal that raises revenues, they could face a primary challenge. But if they vote against any deal, they'll be partially responsible for an across-the-board tax hike - and polling suggests Americans will place the blame largely on the GOP's shoulders. Meanwhile, Democrats have no intention of agreeing to a deal to avert the 'cliff' that does not include an increase in revenue." 11-12
- -12-01-12 Studies: Polar Ice Melting Faster (Time.com)
"The problem is that scientists have struggled to nail down just how quickly the polar ice sheets are melting. There have been more than 30 different estimates of sea level contributing due to polar ice sheet melting made since 1989. But in a new paper published in the November 29 Science, a team of researchers have gone through all of those estimates and come to a broadly agreed conclusion that melting from the ice sheets have contributed an average of 0.023 in (0.59 mm) to sea-level rise since 1992, with an uncertainty of 0.008 in. (0.2 mm) per year. That might not sound like much—ice-sheet melting has only added about half an inch (12.7 mm) to sea levels in that time span—but the new analysis means that polar ice sheets are melting three times faster today than they did in the 1990s, with much of the ice loss happening in Greenland." 12-12
- Geometry Formulas (Geometry Technologies - ScienceU.com)
Provides formulas for Lines, Distances, Angles, Concurrence and Collinearity, Triangles, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons, Circles, Conics, Cartesian, Cylindrical, Spherical Coordinates, Rotation and Polar Coordinates, Cartesian Symmetries, Direction Angles and Cosines, Planes, Regular Polyhedra, Cylinders, Cones, Spheres, and Torus. 5-01
- Mantis Shrimp (Blueboard.com)
Describes the marine crustacean, which is not really a shrimp. Known for its deadly "'mantis-like" front claws. "Smashers" have the striking force of a .22 caliber bullet and can break aquarium glass or do great damage to a hand. "Spearers" can use their front claws as powerful spears that move faster than the human eye can see. Shows the claws of each, as well as the overall structure of the animal.
"The mantis shrimps are also world-renowned as having the world's most sophisticated vision. According to Dr Justin Marshall, the stomatopod eye 'contains 16 different types of photoreceptors (12 for colour analysis, compared to our 3 cones), colour filters and many polarisation receptors, making it by far the world's most complex retina.' Mantis shrimps can thus see polarized light and 4 colors of UV (ultraviolet) light, and they may also be able to distinguish up to 100,000 colors (compared to the 10,000 seen by human beings)." 1-02
- Trigonometry Basics - Problems and Solutions (WebMath)
Provides solutions and answers to basic problems in trigonometry, including Right Angle Relationships, Graphing Trig Functions, Simplifying Trig Functions, and Polar Graphs. 2-04
- Lewis Structures (Wojciechowski and Cerpovicz)
Includes Formal Charge, Resonance Structures, Valence, Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory, Bond and Molecular Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, and Molecular Modelling. "A Lewis symbol is a symbol in which the electrons in the valence shell of an atom or simple ion are represented by dots placed around the letter symbol of the element. Each dot represents one electron." 6-01
- Unusual Galaxies (Discovery.com)
Describes the Siamese Twins, the Sombrero Galaxy, and the Polar Ring Galaxy. 3-02
- Water on the Earth (UMAC - OCP)
Describes availability of water on the Earth, including Water Planet, Physical Symptoms of Water Stress, Hydrologic Cycle, and World's Water Supply.
"Of all the water on Earth, more than 97% is salt water held in the oceans. The remaining 3% constitutes the fresh water supply on the planet. The majority of fresh water is held in ice (glaciers and polar ice caps) and a large proportion also lies too far underground to be exploitable. The amount of fresh water directly available is less than 1% of the total water in the Earth System." 4-02
- 03-29-04 Spirals in Mars Snow Caps Unraveled (CNN News)
"Odd spiraling gorges etched deep into the polar ice caps of Mars have stumped scientists for decades. The huge arcing troughs radiate outward like arms of a pinwheel, creating an overall shape that visually and mathematically resembles hurricanes, spiral galaxies and even some seashells."
"Now there is an apparent solution to the mystery, put forth by Jon Pelletier of the University of Arizona in Tucson."
"The tilted planet causes ice on one side of a crack to heat and vaporize, deepening and widening the crack. Then the water vapor hits the shady, colder side of the growing canyon and refreezes." 3-04
- Arctic Ocean (Wikipedia.org)
"The Arctic Ocean, located entirely in the north polar region, is the smallest of the world's five oceans (after the Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, and Southern Ocean), and the shallowest." 10-04
- Ice Age (Wikipedia.org)
"An ice age is a period of long-term downturn in the temperature of Earth's climate, resulting in an expansion of the polar ice caps and mountain glaciers ('glaciation')."
- Glossary for Chemistry D - F (Tissue)
Provides definitions and examples at a college level. Includes Daly detector, Data acquisition, Data handling, de Broglie equation, Detectors (ion), Detectors (optical), Detectors (GC), Detection Electronics, Diatomic molecule, Differential pulse polarography (DPP), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Differential thermal analysis (DTA), Diffraction (introduction), Digital oscilloscope, Diodes, Discharge lamps, Discontinuous electrophoresis, Doppler-free laser spectroscopy, Electrochemical Cell, Electrochemistry (introduction), Electrolytic methods, Electromagnetic radiation, Electromagnetic spectrum, Electron-capture gas chromatography detector (ECD), Electron diffraction, Electronics (components), Electronics (introduction), Electronics (signal processing), Electron microscopy, Electron multiplier tube, Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR, ESR), Electron spectroscopy (introduction), Electrophoresis, Emission of light, Energy levels, Entropy, see reaction thermodynamics, ESCA (electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Equilibrium (introduction), Equilibrium (practice problems), Equilibrium constant, Error (types of), Error propagation, Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), Extraction, Fabry-Perot interferometer, Faraday cup, Field-effect transistor (FET), Filters (optical), Flame-ionization gas chromatography detector (FID), Flame photoionization gas chromatography detector (FPD), Fluorescence (introduction), Fluorescence (molecular), Fluorescence (laser-induced), Fluorimetry, Fourier-transform, Fourier-transform NMR instruments, Fourier-transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR), Fourier-transform mass spectrometry (FTMS), Fluorescence, Fluorescence: atomic fluorescence, Fluorescence: molecular fluorescence, Formation constant, and Kf.
- Glossary for Chemistry J - N (Tissue)
Provides definitions and examples at a college level. Includes Jablonski diagram, Kirchoff's rules, Lamb dip, Lasers, Laser spectroscopy, Laser-induced fluorescence, Le Chatelier's Principle, Lenses, Lewis acids and bases, Lifetime, excited-state (theory of atomic spectroscopy transitions), Ligand, Light (electromagnetic radiation), Light: interaction with matter, Light microscopy, Light sources, Linear regression, Linear-sweep voltammetry, Linewidths (theory of atomic spectroscopy transitions), Liquid chromatography (LC), Liquid chromatography columns, Lock-in amplifier, Lorentzian spectral lineshape, Low-energy electron diffraction (LEED), Mach-Zender interferometer, Magnetic-sector mass spectrometry, Mass spectrometry (introduction), Materials analysis (cross-reference listing), Michelson interferometer, Microchannel plate (MCP), Microscopy (introduction), Mirrors, Molecular energy levels, Monochromators, Morse potential (diatomic molecule), Mossbauer spectroscopy, Neutron diffraction, Near-field optical microscopy (NFOM), Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR), Nernst equation, Neutron activation analysis (NAA), Nitrogen-phosphorus detector (NPD), Normal pulse polarography (NPP), and Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR).
- Glossary for Chemistry O - R (Tissue)
Provides definitions and examples at a college level. Includes Operational amplifiers (op-amps), Optical materials, Optical radiation detectors, Optical rotation (polarimetry), Optics (introduction), Oscilloscope, Overvoltage protection (silicon-controlled rectifier), Oxidation (see Redox reactions (introduction), Partitioning, pH and pOH, Phase rule (thermodynamic), Phosphorescence, Photodiode detector, Photodiode array (PDA), Photoionization gas chromatography detector (PID), Photomultiplier tube (PMT), Photon counting (pulse counting), Physical constants, Polarimetry (optical rotation), Polarization (of light), Polarizers (optical), Polarography (introduction), Polychromators, Potentiometry, Powder X-ray diffraction, Precipitation equilibria, Precision (definition), Precision (quantitative measures), Primary standards, Prisms, Problem-solving skills, Pulse counting (photon counting), Quadrupole mass spectrometry, Quantum mechanics introduction, Quantum mechanics and interaction with light, Quantum mechanical wavefunctions, Q test, Radiation (interaction of light and matter), Radiation detectors, Raman spectroscopy, Random error, Reactions (introduction), Redox reactions (introduction), Redox reactions (balancing), Reduction (see Redox reactions (introduction), Reduction potentials (standard), Reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED), Resistors, Resolution (chromatographic), Resonance-ionization mass spectrometry, and Resonance-ionization spectroscopy. 1-05
- Warmest Arctic in 400 Years (ABC News)
"This season has ushered in the warmest Arctic summer in 400 years. A NASA report to be released this week finds the polar ice pack has shrunk by nearly 30 percent since 1978, and new satellite photos show the melting is speeding up." 9-05
- Scientists: Arctic Ice Loss Triggering Global Warming (BBC News)
" 'September 2005 will set a new record minimum in the amount of Arctic sea ice cover,' said Mark Serreze, of the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), Boulder, Colorado.' "
"The current rate of shrinkage they calculate at 8% per decade; at this rate there may be no ice at all during the summer of 2060."
" 'These dark areas absorb a lot of the Sun's energy, much more than the ice, and what happens then is that the oceans start to warm up, and it becomes very difficult for ice to form during the following autumn and winter.' "
" 'It looks like this is exactly what we're seeing - a positive feedback effect, a "tipping-point".' "
"The idea behind tipping-points is that at some stage the rate of global warming would accelerate, as rising temperatures break down natural restraints or trigger environmental changes which release further amounts of greenhouse gases."
"The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, a four-year study involving hundreds of scientists, projected an additional temperature rise of 4-7C by 2100." 9-05
- Ice Masses Monitor Lost (BBC News)
"The European Space Agency has confirmed that its ice mission Cryosat has been lost off the Russian coast."
"The satellite fell into the Arctic Ocean minutes after lift-off from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northern Russia."
"The £90m (135m euro) craft was designed to monitor how the Earth's ice masses are responding to climate change."
"Scientists, calling it a 'tragedy', said it would be years before they could launch a similar mission, even if more funding were available." 9-05
- -12-27-05 Worldwide Protests Scheduled on Global Warming (CBS News)
"From the Arctic Inuit who are losing their ice caps and polar bears to activists demanding urgent action on global warming, thousands of people will hit the streets en masse Saturday across North America and other parts of the world." 12-05
- Thermohaline Conveyor Currents (GRID-Arendal)
"The global conveyor belt thermohaline circulation is driven primarily by the formation and sinking of deep water (from around 1500m to the Antarctic bottom water overlying the bottom of the ocean) in the Norwegian Sea. This circulation is thought to be responsible for the large flow of upper ocean water from the tropical Pacific to the Indian Ocean through the Indonesian Archipelogo. The two counteracting forcings operating in the North Atlantic control the conveyor belt circulation: (1) the thermal forcing (high-latitude cooling and the low-latitude heating) which drives a polar southward flow; and (2) haline forcing (net high-latitude freshwater gain and low-latitude evaporation) which moves in the opposite direction. In today's Atlantic the thermal forcing dominates, hence, the flow of upper current from south to north."
Provides a global chart of the flow of the currents.
"When the strength of the haline forcing increases due to excess precipitation, runoff, or ice melt the conveyor belt will weaken or even shut down." 01-06
- Terraforming Mars - Short Description (NASA - Quest)
"First, greenhouse gases, like chlorofluorocarbons that contribute to the growing ozone layer on Earth, will be released into the atmosphere. This traps the heat from the Sun and raises the surface temperature by an average of 4 degrees Celsius."
"The increasing temperature would vaporize some of the carbon dioxide in the south polar cap. Introducing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere would produce additional warming, melting more of the polar cap until it has been vaporized completely. This would produce an average temperature rise of 70 degrees Celsius."
"With the temperature this high, ice will start melting, providing the water needed to sustain life. This water would raise the atmospheric pressure to the equivalent of some mountaintops. While this would be a survivable level, it may still require the use of an oxygen mask. The next step, which may take up to several centuries, would be to plant trees that thrive on carbon dioxide and produce oxygen." 02-06
- -Consequences of Global Warming (Awesome Library)
"Our greatest challenge today is to move the fresh, melting water in our polar caps and Greenland to safe land basins and water tables." 09-08
- Arctic Is Melting Fast (National Geographic)
" 'The Arctic is the early warning for the rest of the world,' said Sheila Watt-Cloutier of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference. 'What happens to the planet happens first in the Arctic. Protect the Arctic and we save the planet. … We must all take what action we can to slow the pace of climate change, while there is still time.' " 06-06
- Map of the Arctic Circle (BugBog.com)
Provides a map with the Arctic Circle clearly marked. 10-04
- Arctic Circle
- Global Warming May Trigger a Very, Very Long Warming (International Herald Tribune)
"The Arctic, particularly, is filled with what amount to flippable climate switches, including natural repositories of carbon, like boggy tundra, that could emit vast amounts of greenhouse gases should the current warming trend pass certain points, said Jonathan Overpeck, the director of the Institute for the Study of Planet Earth at the University of Arizona."
"This could amplify warming and take the climate into a realm beyond anything experienced through human evolution." 12-05
- Is It Too Late to Stop Global Warming? (ABC News)
"A prime example: decayed vegetation in the Arctic, which contains massive amounts of carbon, used to be protected by the perpetual cold. As the climate warms — sped along by human beings burning fossil fuels that release carbon dioxide — scientists say the vegetation will dry out and break down, releasing even more carbon dioxide."
" 'Humans are putting about 6 or 7 billion metric tons of carbon in the atmosphere a year, and we're standing on 200 billion tons here," says [biologist Walter] Oechel. 'Any significant portion comes out, that's worse than current human injection into the atmosphere. And once that runaway release occurs, there would be no way to stop it.' " 03-06
- Study: Arctic Was Once Tropical (Washington Times)
"First-of-its-kind core samples dug up from deep beneath the Arctic Ocean floor show that 55 million years ago an area near the North Pole was practically a subtropical paradise, three new studies show."
"Millions of years ago the Earth experienced an extended period of natural global warming. But about 55 million years ago there was a sudden supercharged spike of carbon dioxide that accelerated the greenhouse effect."
"Scientists already knew this 'thermal event' happened but are not sure what caused it. Perhaps massive releases of methane from the ocean, the continent-sized burning of trees, numerous volcanic eruptions." 05-06
- Finding My Religion - Bill Moyers (SFGate.com)
"Can religion and reason peacefully coexist? From a scan of the headlines it doesn't seem so. The world appears polarized, incapable of even agreeing to disagree on matters of faith."
"Journalist Bill Moyers believes that conversation can lead to a cure for what ails us -- but not conversation in which people simply shriek at each other." 06-06
- -05-11-07 Resurgent Dallas to Have a New Mayor (New York Times)
"Now the question is who will lead a resurgent Dallas. After five turbulent years, Laura Miller, perhaps the nation’s only investigative reporter turned big-city mayor, is not running again, setting off a wild scramble to head the nation’s ninth-largest metropolis, long troubled by crime, scandals, racial polarization and government gridlock." 05-07
- -08-11-07 Race for Arctic Seabed Is On (CBS News)
"Canada's prime minister announced plans Friday for an army training center and a deepwater port on the third day of an Arctic trip meant to assert sovereignty over a region, while Denmark said it was staking its own claim with a scientific expedition."
"Global warming has raised the stakes in the scramble for sovereignty in the Arctic because shrinking polar ice could someday open up resource development and new shipping lanes."
"As global warming melts the passage — which is navigable only during a slim window in the summer — the waters are exposing unexplored resources, and becoming an attractive shipping route. Commercial ships can shave off some 2,480 miles from Europe to Asia compared with the current routes through the Panama Canal." 08-07
- Editorial: Meet Al Gore (Time.com)
"He leads from the front, and if some sheep in the family stray, he's not stressed. He's not a zealot. Leaders often shout orders; generals bark; bellicose preachers, to save our souls, get gothic on our asses. But Al speaks in measured tones. He shows slides. He has an almost embarrassing faith in the power of facts to persuade both believer and skeptic. His enduring and overarching trait is, as it turns out, the pursuit of truth ... scientific truth, spiritual truth. That — and grace. Right now, he is an America the world needs to meet."
Gore: "The north polar ice cap, according to the best scientists in the world, fell off a cliff this fall. The signs that the world is spinning out of kilter are increasingly difficult to misinterpret. The question is how to convince enough people to join a critical mass of urgent opinion, in the U.S. and the rest of the world."
"I think we're making progress; it's just that nothing has matched the scale of the response that is truly needed. The unprecedented nature of this crisis does make it difficult to communicate. We naturally tend to confuse the unprecedented with the improbable. But we have become capable of doing catastrophic damage without realizing it. We've quadrupled population in less than a century, amplified the power of technology many thousands of times over, and we haven't matched those changes with a shift in our thinking that lets us take into account the long-term consequences of our actions." 12-07
- -05-23-08 Mars Lander to Search for Life (Time.com)
"You're not very likely to find a penguin on Mars — or a seal or a puffin or a polar bear either. But that doesn't mean there aren't interesting things going on in the planet's polar regions. Life requires water, after all, and water — at least in the form of ice — is found in abundance at the poles. That's why the Mars Phoenix lander is en route to pay a call there, with a first ever touchdown in the Martian Arctic set for this Sunday at 7:53 p.m. (EDT)." 05-08
- -05-26-08 Mars Orbiter Photographs Phoenix's Descent (MSNBC News)
"NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander got down its first full day of work in the Red Planet's chilly north polar region on Monday, while the team behind the mission released an unprecedented picture showing the probe's descent as seen from above." 05-08
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