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Reference and Periodicals
- Indonesian-English Dictionary (Free Dictionary)
Translates English words into Indonesian and translates Indonesian words into English. 6-00
- Indonesian Version of Google Search Engine (Google.com)
Provides searches of the Web in Indonesian. 7-02
- -Awesome Library in Indonesian (ArcNet)
Provides online translations of the Web. 7-02
- Summit Planned for Indonesia (Bloomberg.com)
"U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell, Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao are among the world leaders who will attend an international summit in Jakarta this week to discuss distribution of more than $2 billion in pledged aid to tsunami victims."
"Coastal areas of Aceh, the northernmost province of Sumatra and the area closest to the epicenter of the biggest earthquake in 40 years, resemble a moonscape with no structures and no people, Cable News Network reported after flying into remote areas with U.S. helicopters dispatched from the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln off the coast." 01-05
- Indonesian Encyclopedia (Wikipedia.org)
Provides the Wikipedia Encyclopedia in Indonesian. 1-05
- -08-11-05 Smoke from Indonesia Creates Crisis in Malaysia (International Herald Tribune)
"Malaysia declared a state of emergency in two coastal cities on Thursday as smoke drifting across the Strait of Malacca from forest fires in Indonesia blanketed parts of peninsular Malaysia in a noxious haze, forcing schools to close and the country's biggest seaport to shut down." 8-05
- News in Indonesian (BBC News)
Provides news in Indonesian. 02-06
- -01-27-08 Indonesia's Ex-Dictator Dies (MSNBC News)
"Former dictator Suharto, an army general who crushed Indonesia’s communist movement and pushed aside the country’s founding father to usher in 32 years of tough rule that saw up to a million political opponents killed, died Sunday. He was 86." 01-08
- Second Earthquake Strikes Indonesia (MSNBC News)
"The U.S. Geological Survey says another powerful earthquake has shaken western Indonesia."
"The 6.8-magnitude struck at 08:52 a.m. local time Thursday on Sumatra island, about 180 miles from the epicenter of a more powerful quake on Wednesday." 09-09
- Indonesia (CountryReports.org)
Provides a profile by topic, including Economy, Defense, Geography, Government, People, National Anthem, Lyrics and Related Links. Provides a map and a flag. 6-02
- Indonesia (Library of Congress)
Provides a history of the country, including culture, government, economy, and more. Also includes geographic information. 1-02
- Indonesia (Lonely Planet)
Provides information about the people, land, history, and culture. 7-02
- Indonesian Languages
- Culture and Government in Indonesia (Indonesian HomePage)
Provides comprehensive tourist information about Indonesia, in English, including a travel guide, government information, and lifestyle information.
"Indonesians tend to speak indirectly. For example, if you offer an Indonesian if she wants to eat, she will say 'no.' Although, she is hungry. It is impolite to say 'yes' the first time you are offered something. You should ask many times to make sure that she is really not hungry." 8-02
- Businesses in Indonesia (Indonesian Yellow Pages)
Provides a directory and search engine for businesses. 8-02
- Rulers by Country - G-I (Schulz)
Provides a list of leaders by country and date. Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Iran, Israel, and Italy. leaders, rulers, Presidents, and Prime Ministers 9-00
- Sukarnoputri, Megawati (BBC News)
Provides a profile of the president of Indonesia. 10-01
- Hobbit-Sized Ancient Humans Found (ABC News)
"Subsequent finds of other similarly sized, 3-foot-tall humans with brains the size of grapefruits in a cave on the Indonesian island of Flores suggest these 18,000-year-old specimens weren't a quirk of an ancient hominin, but part of an entire species of miniature people whose existence overlapped with that of modern Homo sapiens."
"Brown and the other authors suggest that the newly found species, named Homo floresiensis, arrived on the island of Flores, in Indonesia's Nusa Tenggara region, in the form of Homo erectus, the first large-brained hominin that emerged some 2 million years ago in Africa and Asia." 10-04
- -12-31-04 Tsunami - Race to Save Millions (MSNBC News)
"The world pumped aid into south Asia’s tsunami zone on Friday in a frantic race to save millions of survivors from dehydration and disease, and stop a terrifying death count climbing further."
"As relief efforts brought a glimmer of hope, the toll from the 9.0-magnitude earthquake and the tsunami it spawned rose to more than 120,000 on Friday, including about 80,000 deaths in Indonesia, though Health Minister Siti Fadillah Supadi said the toll there could hit 100,000." 12-04
- Ancient Tribes May Have Known (CBS News)
"Members of the ancient Jarawa tribe emerged from their forest habitat Thursday for the first time since the Dec. 26 tsunami and earthquakes that rocked the isolated Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and in a rare interaction with outsiders announced that all 250 of their fellow tribespeople had survived."
"According to varying estimates, there are only 400 to 1,000 members alive today from the Jarawas, Great Andamanese, Onges, Sentinelese and Shompens. Some anthropological DNA studies indicate the generations may have spanned back 70,000 years. They originated in Africa and migrated to India through Indonesia, anthropologists say."
"Government officials and anthropologists believe that ancient knowledge of the movement of wind, sea and birds may have saved the indigenous tribes from the tsunami." 1-05
- Tsunami Facts (Wikipedia.org)
"The term [tsunami] was created by fishermen who returned to port to find the area surrounding the harbour devastated, although they had not been aware of any wave in the open water. A tsunami is not a sub-surface event in the deep ocean; it simply has a much smaller amplitude (wave heights) offshore, and a very long wavelength (often hundreds of kilometers long), which is why they generally pass unnoticed at sea, forming only a passing 'hump' in the ocean."
Includes descriptions of some of the largest tsunamis of the past, such as the one caused by the Krakatoa explosion in 1883.
"At some time between 1650 BC and 1600 BC (still debated), the volcanic Greek island Santorini erupted, causing a 100 m to 150 m high tsunami that devastated the north coast of Crete, 70 km (45 miles) away, and would certainly have eliminated every timber of the Minoan fleet along Crete's northern shore. Santorini is regarded as the most likely source for Plato's literary parable of Atlantis, and is believed by some scientists to have informed Great Flood accounts which were eventually recorded in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic texts."
"The magnitude 9.0 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake triggered a series of lethal tsunamis on December 26, 2004 that killed roughly 165,000 people (more than 105,000 in Indonesia), making it the deadliest tsunami in recorded history." 01-05
- Tambora Eruption (Wikipedia.org)
"Mount Tambora is a volcano on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa. In 1815, the volcano of Tambora suffered the most violent eruption in modern times." 01-06
- Thermohaline Conveyor Currents (GRID-Arendal)
"The global conveyor belt thermohaline circulation is driven primarily by the formation and sinking of deep water (from around 1500m to the Antarctic bottom water overlying the bottom of the ocean) in the Norwegian Sea. This circulation is thought to be responsible for the large flow of upper ocean water from the tropical Pacific to the Indian Ocean through the Indonesian Archipelogo. The two counteracting forcings operating in the North Atlantic control the conveyor belt circulation: (1) the thermal forcing (high-latitude cooling and the low-latitude heating) which drives a polar southward flow; and (2) haline forcing (net high-latitude freshwater gain and low-latitude evaporation) which moves in the opposite direction. In today's Atlantic the thermal forcing dominates, hence, the flow of upper current from south to north."
Provides a global chart of the flow of the currents.
"When the strength of the haline forcing increases due to excess precipitation, runoff, or ice melt the conveyor belt will weaken or even shut down." 01-06
- Homo Floresiensis (Wikipedia.org)
"Homo floresiensis ('Man of Flores') is an extinct species in the genus Homo, remarkable for its small body, small brain, and survival until relatively recent times. It is thought to have been contemporaneous with modern humans (Homo sapiens) on the Indonesian island of Flores. One sub-fossil skeleton, dated at 18,000 years old, is largely complete."
Editor's Note: Sometimes called the "Hobbit" man, H. floresiensis is the last known member of the genus Homo to become extinct, leaving ourselves as the only remaining members of the genus Homo to survive. 03-06
- -06-12-06 Scientists: First New Species of Human Found (ABC News)
"In October 2004, a team of Australian and Indonesian archaeologists announced in Nature magazine they had dug up the bones of a brand new, previously unknown humanoid species which they nicknamed 'The Hobbit,' because it was rather small."
"Graphic artists, working with the team, have pictured the hobbit. It's clearly not a dwarf, or a pygmy, but a 3-foot tall species of humans. Hobbs, who worked as a consultant with 60 Minutes on the story, believes they may have had a rudimentary form of language."
"He says it's astounding because the Hobbit’s brain was a third the size of one of ours. And scientists had always used brain size as the most important characteristic separating humans from other animals -- that and the ability to use tools and build fires." 06-06
- Editorial: It's Too Late for "Later" (New York Times)
"There was a chilling essay in The Jakarta Post last week by Andrio Adiwibowo, a lecturer in environmental management at the University of Indonesia. It was about how a smart plan to protect the mangrove forests around coastal Jakarta was never carried out, leading to widespread tidal flooding last month."
"This line jumped out at me: 'The plan was not implemented. Instead of providing a buffer zone, development encroached into the core zone, which was covered over by concrete.' "
"You could read that story in a hundred different developing countries today. But the fact that you read it here is one of the most important reasons that later has become extinct. Indonesia is second only to Brazil in terrestrial biodiversity and is No. 1 in the world in marine biodiversity. Just one and a half acres in Borneo contains more different tree species than all of North America — not to mention animals that don’t exist anywhere else on earth. If we lose them, there will be no later for some of the rarest plants and animals on the planet."
"Indonesia is now losing tropical forests the size of Maryland every year, and the carbon released by the cutting and clearing — much of it from illegal logging — has made Indonesia the third largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in the world, after the United States and China. Deforestation actually accounts for more greenhouse gas emissions than all the cars and trucks in the world, an issue the Bali conference finally addressed." 12-07
- Obama's Biography and His Mother (Time.com)
"Each of us lives a life of contradictory truths. We are not one thing or another. Barack Obama's mother was at least a dozen things. S. Ann Soetoro was a teen mother who later got a Ph.D. in anthropology; a white woman from the Midwest who was more comfortable in Indonesia; a natural-born mother obsessed with her work; a romantic pragmatist, if such a thing is possible."
"Ann's most lasting professional legacy was to help build the microfinance program in Indonesia, which she did from 1988 to '92—before the practice of granting tiny loans to credit-poor entrepreneurs was an established success story. Her anthropological research into how real people worked helped inform the policies set by the Bank Rakyat Indonesia, says Patten, an economist who worked there. 'I would say her work had a lot to do with the success of the program,' he says. Today Indonesia's microfinance program is No. 1 in the world in terms of savers, with 31 million members, according to Microfinance Information eXchange Inc., a microfinance-tracking outfit." 04-08
- -001 Worldwide Hopes Soar for Obama's Presidency (MSNBC News)
"A world made weary by war, recession, joblessness and fear shed its collective burden Tuesday to celebrate the arrival of a new American president. Bulls and goats were slaughtered for feasts in Kenya and caterers prepared for black-tie balls in the capitals of Europe."
"From Kenya and Indonesia, where Barack Obama has family ties, to areas around the world, Obama represented a volcanic explosion of hope for better days ahead."
"The ascendance of the first African-American to the presidency of the United States was heralded as marking a new era of tolerance and possibility." 01-09
- Tree Loss Responsible for Carbon Emissions (Time.com)
"Tree loss accounts for at least 20% of global carbon emissions. What would help cap that output is an international market — similar to that in the power industry or manufacturing — that allows tropical nations to preserve their rainforests in exchange for selling the carbon emissions contained within them. That doesn't exist, in part because major tropical countries like Brazil and Indonesia have been reluctant to accept international carbon finance, for fear of losing control over their natural resources. But Indonesia — the world's third biggest carbon emitter, thanks chiefly to its high deforestation rates — now seems ready to open up. At California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger's climate summit in November, Indonesian officials announced their government would set up a regulatory framework for carbon forestry programs, and signed an agreement with California to help shepherd those projects. Translation: Indonesia appears ready to help wealthy California help Indonesia preserve its rapidly dwindling rainforests — and the climate will benefit." 02-09
- -08-12-10 Moscow Under Siege From Bog Fires (New York Times)
"Perhaps the most noxious and dangerous characteristic of peat fires is their heavy smoke. In a surface fire, the heat forces the smoke plume into the atmosphere. But in a peat fire, with its relatively cool surface temperatures, the smoke hugs the ground, seeping into homes, choking lungs and stopping flights at airports."
"All countries with peat — the four largest are Russia, Canada, the United States and Indonesia, according to Mr. Rein — experience peat fires, he said. Fires are more common in tropical peat than in boreal peat, he said, though global warming may change that." 08-10
- Islam by Country (Wikipedia.org)
"Islam is the world's second largest religion after Christianity. According to a 2009 demographic study, Islam has 1.57 billion adherents, making up 23% of the world population.[2"
"Islam is the predominant religion in the Middle East, in northern Africa, and in some parts of Asia. Large communities of Muslims are also found in China, the Balkans, and Russia. Other parts of the world host large Muslim immigrant communities; in Western Europe, for instance, Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity, though it represents less than 5% of the total population."
"Approximately 50 countries are Muslim-majority. Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in Asia, with over 683 million adherents in such countries as Indonesia (the largest Muslim country by population, home to 15.6% of the world's Muslims), Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh (all three being successor states to the former British Raj). About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries." 09-10
- -05-25-11 President Obama Speaks of Freedom in the Middle East (The Guardian)
"In the face of these challenges, too many leaders in the [Middle East] region tried to direct their people's grievances elsewhere. The West was blamed as the source of all ills, a half century after the end of colonialism. Antagonism toward Israel became the only acceptable outlet for political expression. Divisions of tribe, ethnicity and religious sect were manipulated as a means of holding on to power, or taking it away from somebody else."
"But the events of the past six months show us that strategies of repression and diversion won't work anymore. Satellite television and the Internet provide a window into the wider world – a world of astonishing progress in places like India, Indonesia and Brazil. Cell phones and social networks allow young people to connect and organize like never before. A new generation has emerged. And their voices tell us that change cannot be denied." See video of speech under "Multimedia" above. 05-11
- Asia - Travel Information by Location (Excite.Travel.com)
Provides information on dining, where to stay, and interesting things to see. Search by city, state, or country. Includes Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, East Timor, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, The Philippines, Tibet, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam. 3-02
- Qur'an in Arabic (IslamicCity.com)
Provides the text of the Holy Qur'an in Arabic. Requires setting the browser to accept Arabic fonts in order to use. In Internet Explorer 5.0 right click on the IE icon and select Properties. Then Select Languages and pick Arabic. 6-02
- Awesome Library in Chinese (ArcNet)
Provides online translations of the Web. (Requires Simplified Chinese font.) 7-02
- Awesome Library in Malay (ArcNet)
Provides online translations of the Web. 7-02
- Thalib, Munir Said - Biography (WorldPress.org)
"Mourned throughout the world, Human Rights Watch deputy program director Joe Saunders led the eulogies for Munir in a press release following his death:"
“ 'Munir was in a class by himself, he had an electric intelligence and an encyclopedic memory. In meetings, he was able to draw on a kaleidoscope of detailed fact and sharp analytical insight to present a clear image of what needed to be done.' ” 1-05
- Dengue Fever (Wikipedia.org)
"Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are acute febrile diseases, found in the tropics and Africa, and caused by four closely related virus serotypes of the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae. The geographical spread is similar to malaria, but unlike malaria, dengue is often found in urban areas of developed tropical nations, including Singapore, Taiwan, Indonesia, India and Brazil. Each serotype is sufficiently different that there is no cross-protection and epidemics caused by multiple serotypes (hyperendemicity) can occur." 03-08
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[Dr. Jerry Adams at firstname.lastname@example.org.]