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Reference and Periodicals
Severe or Chronic Illness
Reference and Periodicals
- Food for Children with Diabetes
- Diabetes Can Be Prevented With Diet and Moderate Exercise (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
Suggests how to keep healthy. 05-06
- 11-12-04 White Bread Linked to Diabetes (CBS News)
"Eating white bread is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a new Australian study."
"After following the diets and health records of more than 36,000 men and women in Australia for four years, researchers say they found white bread and starchy foods were linked to diabetes."
"White bread was the food most strongly related to diabetes incidence," they write in the November issue of the journal Diabetes Care. " 11-04
- Battling Diabetes With Diet and Exercise (U.S. News)
"While surgery and other treatments are available, prevention and intensive management are the keys to stopping the epidemic. Some innovative programs lead the way." 11-08
- New Approach to Managing Diabetes (U.S. News)
"Some people with type 2 diabetes might want to rethink how they manage their disease, based on a trio of new studies showing that tightly controlling blood glucose levels doesn't reduce cardiovascular disease in people at high risk, perhaps because they have high blood pressure or are overweight. Reaching blood pressure and cholesterol goals rather than blood glucose targets may be more important in preventing heart attack and stroke in these people, say experts. In those who are newly diagnosed with diabetes and are not already in the high-risk category, intensively managing blood sugar may be effective at reducing heart risk." 01-09
- -02-15-09 Preventing Diabetes in Teens (U.S. News)
"This has to be one of the saddest statistics ever printed in a medical journal: The number of American children taking medication for type 2 diabetes more than doubled from 2002 to 2005, particularly among teenagers. That may be partly because more children are being screened for diabetes or because drugs are more often being used to treat metabolic syndrome. But the recent rise in childhood obesity is the obvious first suspect because overweight and obese children are more than twice as likely as their normal-weight peers to develop the disease." 02-09
- -12-12-11 Ways to Prevent Diabetes (RealAge.com)
"The bigger your belt is, the higher your chances are of developing metabolic syndrome and prediabetes -- two blood sugar problems that are rising faster than gas prices. Don't brush 'em off as 'not my problem.' Instead, take the proactive route by asking your doctor for a fasting blood sugar test." 12-11
- -03-26-12 Weight Loss Surgery May Help End Diabetes (MSNBC News)
"Two studies find that weight loss surgery can eliminate the symptoms of type 2 diabetes in a large proportion of volunteers. That might not seem surprising, since obesity is the major risk factor for the disease. But in these studies, published in the New England Journal of Medicine and presented Monday at the annual meeting of the American College of Cardiology, many of the patients got better within weeks, days, sometimes even hours after the surgery -- long before they lost any weight." 03-12
- -04-25-13 New Hormone Treatment Discovered for Diabetes (CBS News)
"A new diabetes discovery may one day help people with the disease avoid frequent insulin shots." 04-13
- Diabetes Net
- Children with Diabetes
- Ask the Diabetes Team
- Children with Diabetes Children's Corner
- Food Tips You Might Not Know (For Children with Diabetes)
- Children with Diabetes (Parents Place)
- Diabetes (Awesome Library)
- Diabetes Costs from Inactivity (Diabetes Net)
Provides results from a study that inactivity causes at least 37 billion dollars in medical costs from diabetes per year. (Yes, that was billion.)
- Diabetes Recipes (Children With Diabetes)
Provides recipes that are tasty for children, but low in sugar. 5-00.
- Kidney Disease in Children (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
Provides information about growth failure in children due to kidney disease. Includes suggestions on diet. 05-06
- Kidney Diseases (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
Provides information types of kidney diseases and disorders, by type. 05-06
- Pre-Diabetes Control (CBS News)
Discusses how pre-diabetes can be controlled.
- Diabetes (Healthopedia.com)
Provides detailed information, listed by condition. 8-04
- Seven Steps to Take If You Have Diabetes (U.S. News)
"Diabetes sufferers may be able to give up their cake and eat it, too. According to a new study, people who lost weight in the 18 months after being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes experienced sustained benefits even if they regained the weight later. They were up to twice as likely to reach their targets for blood pressure and blood sugar as those who didn't lose weight, although by the end of the four-year study, most of them had regained the weight they had lost." 08-08
- Genetically Modified Monkey (National Geographic Society)
Provides news on a rhesus monkey that was given a genetic marker during fertilization. Scientists believe that the procedure can be used to introduce medical conditions, such as diabetes, into monkeys in order to speed research efforts for cures for humans. 1-01
- Stem Cell Research Center (International Herald Times)
"When it starts accepting cells a few months from now, the UK Stem Cell Bank will become a sort of citadel for what is perhaps the most promising medical technology of the last 50 years, which many believe is likely to yield cures for devastating diseases from diabetes to Parkinson's."
"In the United States, in contrast, stem cell research is struggling, stigmatized and crippled by President George W. Bush's declaration that it is morally suspect and by his decision to deny federal funding for most new projects in the field." 8-04
- Arguments For and Against Stem Cell Research (BBC News)
"Opponents - led by the president himself - make the case that public money should not be used to support what they call the further destruction of human life."
"But supporters argue that such stem cell research could save lives, by providing treatment and even cures for diseases like Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, or childhood diabetes." 7-05
- Perricone: Prescription for Aging Beautifully (Oprah.com)
"Inflammation is at the basis of age-related diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, auto immune disease, and wrinkled, sagging skin. The wrong foods—such as sugar, processed foods, pasta, breads, pastry and baked goods—can increase levels of the pro-inflammatory peptides."
"Sugar is the number one enemy. It causes inflammation that destroys our bodies and attaches to collagen, which results in stiff, inflexible, sagging skin. Controlling our blood sugar level and insulin levels will improve our health and give us beautiful, youthful skin."
"The anti-inflammatory diet consists of high quality protein, like that found in fish, colorful fresh fruits and vegetables, and adequate amounts of good fat, like that found in salmon, flax, nuts, seeds and olive oil." 12-05
- -07-19-06 Bush Vetoes Stem Cell Research (ITV.com)
"US President George W Bush has blocked legislation to expand embryonic stem-cell research."
"Several polls have shown a clear majority of Americans support the research, which would use embryos that already exist in fertility clinics and would otherwise be thrown out."
"The cells would be used to try and cure conditions like diabetes, spinal cord injuries, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases." 07-06
- Stem Cell Therapy (StemCellBiotherapy.com)
"Stem cells are the primordial cells in the human body. The first stem cells occur inside a developing embryo (blastocyst). These embryonic stem cells are understood to be totipotent (capable of differentiating into every cell types in a living body). They divide and differentiate to ultimately construct the entire human body."
"Many of the currently incurable diseases are associated with degeneration of specific cell types in the body. These include but are not limited to: cancer, infectious diseases, heart disease, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases, auto immune diseases, skin disorders."
"Stem Cell Therapy involves the introduction of healthy new stem cells to, potentially, repair and replace damaged or lost cells. This therapy, often referred to as Regenerative Medicine provides much promise for the treatment of what was previously regarded as incurable diseases." 05-07
- Biologists Make Skin Cells Work Like Stem Cells (MSNBC News)
"In a leap forward for stem cell research, three independent teams of scientists reported Wednesday that they have produced the equivalent of embryonic stem cells in mice using skin cells without the controversial destruction of embryos."
"If the same could be done with human skin cells — a big if — the procedure could lead to breakthrough medical treatments without the contentious ethical and political debates surrounding the use of embryos."
"Embryonic stem cells are prized because they can develop into all types of tissue. So experts believe they might be used for transplant therapies in people who are paralyzed or have illnesses ranging from diabetes to Parkinson’s disease." 06-07
- -09-19-07 New Source for Stem Cells (CBS News)
"Researchers hope to one day extract stem cells from testicles that could be directed to grow into all kinds of tissues to repair everything from a damaged heart to brains destroyed by Alzheimer's to insulin-producing cells to cure diabetes."
"So far, the researchers have found a way to grow different tissues from stem cells isolated from the testes of laboratory mice, but they believe the same technology could work in humans." 09-07
- Seniors Need to Work Out (US News)
Harris, though, is the exception to the rule. Despite the age-defying benefits of getting fit, seniors are the least physically active of all Americans—40 percent of women and 30 percent of men over 70 report that they never exercise. Beyond protection against heart disease, diabetes, and some cancers, numerous studies suggest that regular exercise can lower the risk of decline—the dementia, the frailty—that spells the end of independence. Brisk walks around the neighborhood make a great start. But more is needed to prevent falls and retain strength and mobility. In August, the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association issued new exercise guidelines for seniors that call for several workouts a week incorporating resistance training, stretching, and balancing as well as aerobics. 10-07
- Metabolic Syndrome Tied to Diet Soda (New York Times)
"Researchers have found a correlation between drinking diet soda and metabolic syndrome — the collection of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes that include abdominal obesity, high cholesterol and blood glucose levels, and elevated blood pressure."
"But the one-third who ate the most fried food increased their risk by 25 percent compared with the one-third who ate the least, and surprisingly, the risk of developing metabolic syndrome was 34 percent higher among those who drank one can of diet soda a day compared with those who drank none." 02-08
- Exercise to Improve Health (USA Today)
"Besides reducing belly fat, physical activity lowers blood pressure, cholesterol and the risk of diabetes and cancer. It reduces depression and anxiety, and it improves bone and joint health, sex drive, sleep and memory, he [Church] says."
"But Church notes that fewer than 25% of Americans meet the minimum guidelines of being moderately active for 30 minutes five or more days a week, estimates show."
" 'The average American doesn't understand that other than not smoking, exercise is the most important thing you can do for your health,' Church says. 'They think exercising is a health suggestion on par with leaving mayonnaise off their sandwich.' " 04-08
- Study: Health Risks With Plastic in Bottles (MSNBC News)
" The first major study of health effects in people from a chemical used in plastic baby bottles, food cans and a host of other products links it with possible risks for heart disease and diabetes."
"It suggests a potential new concern about the safety of bisphenol A or BPA. And because of the possible public health implications, the results 'deserve scientific follow-up,' the study authors said."
"But the study is preliminary, far from proof that the chemical causes heart disease and diabetes. Two Dartmouth College analysts of medical research said the study raises questions but provides no answers about whether the ubiquitous chemical is harmful." 09-08
- Examples of Moderate Exercise (NIH.gov)
"An increase in physical activity is an important part of your weight management program. Most weight loss occurs because of decreased caloric intake. Sustained physical activity is most helpful in the prevention of weight regain. In addition, exercise has a benefit of reducing risks of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, beyond that produced by weight reduction alone. Start exercising slowly, and gradually increase the intensity. Trying too hard at first can lead to injury."
- Study: Controlling Blood Suger Levels (U.S. News)
"In this study, subjects used exercise bikes to perform six sessions of intervals over two weeks. Each session consisted of between four and six 30-second sprints, plus a few minutes of rest in between. After two weeks of training, their body's ability to control blood sugar levels improved by 23 percent, says James Timmons, the study's coauthor and an exercise biologist at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, Scotland."
"And, says Timmons, two of the major reasons we try to combat obesity are to prevent cardiovascular disease and diabetes; so while interval training may not produce dramatic weight loss unless combined with dietary changes, it may produce those other physiological benefits." 06-09
- -07-01-09 Obesity Rates Rise in the U.S. (MSNBC News)
"Obesity rates among adults rose in 23 states over the past year and didn't decline anywhere, says a new report from the Trust for America's Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation."
Recent research suggests that obese persons, compared to non-obese persons, "live nearly as long but are much sicker for longer, requiring such costly interventions as knee replacements and diabetes care and dialysis. Studies show Medicare spends anywhere from $1,400 to $6,000 more annually on health care for an obese senior than for the non-obese." 07-09
- -Vitamin D: Millions of Children Lacking in Vitamin D (MSNBC News)
"Millions of U.S. children have disturbingly low Vitamin D levels, possibly increasing their risk for bone problems, heart disease, diabetes and other ailments, according to two new studies that provide the first national assessment of the crucial nutrient in young Americans."
"About 9 percent of those ages 1 through 21 — about 7.6 million children, adolescents and young adults — have Vitamin D levels so low they could be considered deficient, while an additional 61 percent — 50.8 million — have higher levels, but still low enough to be insufficient, according to the analysis of federal data being released Monday." 07-09
- -Study: Preventing H1N1 From Spreading(U.S. News)
"Perhaps I should take a hint from a coworker who yesterday forwarded me a study showing that H1N1, the virus that causes swine flu, remains contagious long after those first few can't-get-out-of-bed days."
"The study, published last week in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, found that H1N1 is most contagious within the first three days after symptoms appear but that infected individuals could still spread the disease after a week."
"Bottom line: If you've got flulike symptoms, do your best to avoid close contact with others for several days or even a week. Skip family gatherings, especially if you know that certain high-risk individuals may be present: kids younger than 5 years old; seniors over 65; pregnant women; and those with asthma, diabetes, impaired immunity, or heart or lung conditions. While the CDC no longer recommends that we stay home from work or school until all our symptoms are gone, the agency does still have this recommendation in place for healthcare workers or those visiting relatives in the hospital." 10-09
- Beta Glucans (WebMD.com)
"Beta glucans are used for high cholesterol, diabetes, cancer, and HIV/AIDS. Beta glucans are also used to boost the immune system in people whose body defenses have been weakened by conditions such chronic fatigue syndrome, or physical and emotional stress; or by treatments such as radiation or chemotherapy. Beta glucans are also used for colds (common cold), flu (influenza), H1N1 (swine) flu, allergies, hepatitis, Lyme disease, asthma, ear infections, aging, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis."
"People apply beta glucans to the skin for dermatitis, eczema, wrinkles, bedsores, wounds, burns, diabetic ulcers, and radiation burns." 07-10
- Vitamin D: You May Have a Serious Vitamin D Deficiency (New York Times)
"Studies indicate that the effects of a vitamin D deficiency include an elevated risk of developing (and dying from) cancers of the colon, breast and prostate; high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease; osteoarthritis; and immune-system abnormalities that can result in infections and autoimmune disorders like multiple sclerosis, Type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis."
"Most people in the modern world have lifestyles that prevent them from acquiring the levels of vitamin D that evolution intended us to have." 07-10
- Watch Your Waist, Not Just Your Weight (U.S. News)
"You may assume that if your weight is in the healthy range, you have a low risk of heart disease, diabetes, and other conditions linked to obesity. But new research suggests that waist size could play as important a role as body weight in determining how long you live. After examining a database of more than 100,000 men and women ages 50 and older participating in a cancer prevention study, researchers found that those with the largest waistlines had about twice the risk of dying over a nine-year period as those with the smallest waistlines." 08-10
- 03-09-11 Is the USA Still Number 1? (Time.com)
"Yes, the U.S. remains the world's largest economy, and we have the largest military by far, the most dynamic technology companies and a highly entrepreneurial climate. But these are snapshots of where we are right now. The decisions that created today's growth — decisions about education, infrastructure and the like — were made decades ago. What we see today is an American economy that has boomed because of policies and developments of the 1950s and '60s: the interstate-highway system, massive funding for science and technology, a public-education system that was the envy of the world and generous immigration policies. Look at some underlying measures today, and you will wonder about the future."
"The following rankings come from various lists, but they all tell the same story. According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), our 15-year-olds rank 17th in the world in science and 25th in math. We rank 12th among developed countries in college graduation (down from No. 1 for decades). We come in 79th in elementary-school enrollment. Our infrastructure is ranked 23rd in the world, well behind that of every other major advanced economy. American health numbers are stunning for a rich country: based on studies by the OECD and the World Health Organization, we're 27th in life expectancy, 18th in diabetes and first in obesity. Only a few decades ago, the U.S. stood tall in such rankings. No more. There are some areas in which we are still clearly No. 1, but they're not ones we usually brag about. We have the most guns. We have the most crime among rich countries. And, of course, we have by far the largest amount of debt in the world." 03-11
- -01 How to Fix Our Health-Care System (The Atlantic)
"It's hard to find anyone who defends the structure of American health care. Every incentive is misaligned. Patients have little incentive to be prudent in their use of services, or to pay the costs of their own unhealthy lifestyle. Under the fee-for-service model, doctors and hospitals get paid more the more they do. Fear of random lawsuits causes them to practice "defensive medicine," and chills open interaction with patients and other professionals. Insurance companies make more money by denying claims."
"These misaligned incentives, most experts believe, are largely responsible for the notorious inefficiency of American health care -- costing more than $8,000 per person, or twice what most other countries spend. The total tab -- $2.6 trillion in 2010, or 18 percent of GDP -- is substantially responsible for America's trillion-dollar deficits. The federal government pays roughly a third of the total national health care bill, mostly through Medicare (health care for the elderly) and Medicaid (health care for the poor). It also spends hundreds of billions -- $177 billion in 2011 -- in tax expenditures for employer-provided health insurance."
"Instead of aligning human incentives, the structure tries to contain costs through bureaucratic restrictions."
"About 75 percent of health care costs are attributed to chronic disease (a significant portion of which is brought on by obesity and smoking). About 30 percent of Medicare costs are spent in a patient's last year of life."
"The solution, widely embraced by providers as well as patient advocates, is to create reliable health courts."
"The way to align incentives, many experts agree, is by providing care through a single provider -- known in jargon as an 'accountable health care organization' or an 'integrated care provider.' Instead of being paid a fee for each service, the provider is paid a fixed annual price to do everything for the patient (with limited exceptions for catastrophic care). Instead of making more money by dialysis and amputation of limbs of patients with diabetes, the provider now has an incentive to keep the patient healthier by nudging them towards better lifestyles. The provider hires social workers in lieu of more surgeons." 05-12
- -06-04-12 Editorial: Restricting the Size of Sugary Drinks Is a Worthy Experiment (CNN News)
"Some object that the [New York] mayor's proposal to restrict serving sizes will restrict liberty. But the liberty restricted is not the liberty of the soda-drinker. If they wish, soda drinkers can buy a 2-liter bottle of soda at the grocery for about $1.70 and pour as much of it down their throats as they wish. The liberty that is being restricted is the liberty of the soda seller to manipulate known human weaknesses to the seller's advantage and the buyer's detriment."
"There is little doubt about the serious health effects of sugary soda. Just one soda a day doubles a woman's risk of diabetes, according to the Harvard Journals of Public Health. Two sodas raises her risk of heart disease by 40%."
Editor's Note: Also try: Fast Foods. 06-12
- -06-26-12 Study: Species-Specific Microbes May Be Key to Immune Systems (PBS.org)
"The results support the thinking that we humans have coevolved with our microbes--and we're probably not the same without them. 'The selection of partners is not by chance,' Chang says. And that might explain why as we alter our microbiomes--with antibiotics and superclean upbringings--our immune systems have been changing as well, ushering in increasing rates of autoimmune conditions such as allergies and diabetes. 'The consequence is that the balance between us and our microbes, determined through evolution, is upset in ways that impact our health and increase risk for many diseases that were previously uncommon,' he notes." 06-12
- -09-05-12 Some Fit Obese Individuals Not at a Greater Risk (CBS News)
"Usually being obese means a higher chance of developing health problems. But, a new study shows that it is possible to be fat and fit - and also to be at no greater risk for some chronic diseases."
"People who were deemed 'metabolically healthy' obese individuals - meaning they had no insulin resistance, diabetes, high cholesterol or blood pressure issues - had a lower risk of death than unfit obese individuals. They had no greater risk of death than normal weight fit people." 09-12
- -10-18-12 Mississippi Rejects Expansion of Medicaid (ABC News)
"Mississippi has long been one of the sickest and poorest states in America, with some of the highest rates of obesity, diabetes and heart disease and more than 1 in 7 residents without insurance. And so you might think Mississippi would jump at the prospect of billions of federal dollars to expand Medicaid."
"You'd be wrong."
"Leaders of the deeply conservative state say that even if Mississippi receives boatloads of cash under President Barack Obama's health care law, it can't afford the corresponding share of state money it will have to put up to add hundreds of thousands of people to the government health insurance program for the poor."
"That's $1 from the state for every $23 from Uncle Sam."
"Supporters of the expansion say turning down the money for doctors' visits, prescriptions and other care would itself be foolish fiscal policy, not only hurting the poor but jeopardizing the jobs of thousands of people at hospitals and other institutions that rely on Medicaid money."
"Ultimately, pressure from politically powerful health care groups might make it difficult for Mississippi leaders to reject the money. Hospital administrators worry that without a Medicaid expansion, they could be saddled with rising costs from treating uninsured patients." 10-12
- -03-05-13 Recon 2: A Next Step in Curing Disease (Healthland.Time.com)
"Recon 2 resembles a 'Google map' since it consolidates all the details of human metabolism functions into one interactive tool and allows users to zoom in to view as much detail, at a cellular level, as they want, or to zoom out to get a broader perspective of all the different metabolic reactions that might be involved in a particular function. Such analyses can reveal patterns in function that might not otherwise be obvious to scientists working on more limited projects."
" 'Ultimately, I envision it being used to personalize diagnosis and treatment to meet the needs of individual patients. In the future, this capability could enable doctors to develop virtual models of their patients’ individual metabolic networks and identify the most efficacious treatment for various diseases including diabetes, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases,' said Ines Thiele, a professor at the University of Iceland in a statement describing the work." 03-13
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