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- Teen With Autism Makes 20 Points in 4 Minutes (ESPN)
"Jason McElwain [also known as J-Mac] had done everything he was asked to do for the Greece Athena High School basketball team -- keep the stats, run the clock, hand out water bottles."
"That all changed last week for the team manager in the final home game of the season. The 17-year-old senior, who is autistic and usually sits on the bench in a white shirt and black tie, put on a uniform and entered the game with his team way ahead."
"McElwain proceeded to hit six 3-point shots, finished with 20 points and was carried off the court on his teammates' shoulders." 03-06
- Autism: The Hidden Epidemic? (MSNBC News)
"While the causes for the dramatic rise in autism cases over the past decade are the subject of much debate, one thing is certain: early diagnosis is crucial." 10-06
- -12-10-06 Congress Passes First Ever Autism Act (MSNBC News)
"Autism is as disturbing and distressing as it is mystifying. It's a diagnosis with no known cause, no known cure." 12-06
- Pediatricians: New Guidelines for Detection and Treatment of Autism (US News)
"In an effort to make it easier for pediatricians to spot and begin early treatment for children with autism spectrum disorders, the American Academy of Pediatrics has released two new reports with recommendations for identifying and managing these conditions." 10-07
- Cornale, Kayla - Music System for Children With Autism (Top20Under20.ca)
"Motivated to help her 9 year old cousin who has an autism spectrum disorder to learn to spell and read, Kayla Cornale invented "Sounds and SyllablesT", a teaching system which applies the musical component of 'pitch' to the process of learning language."
"Through extensive research, Kayla discovered that autistic children have an apparent talent for tone and pitch recognition." 12-07
- -07-28-08 Early Diagnosis of Autism Emerges (Newsweek)
"A new study finds that autism can be identified at around 14 months, much earlier than previously thought. How early diagnosis can improve outcomes." 07-08
- -04-02-09 Progress on Autism Slow (CNN News)
"It's been a year since the first U.N.-declared World Autism Awareness Day. In those past 365 days, nobody has discovered the cause of autism, which the most recent statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suggest affects one in 150 children. Nor has a cure been found. However, new research and major court decisions have emerged to explain further what may contribute to the developmental disabilities of the brain known as 'autism spectrum disorders' or ASDs." 04-09
- -04-08-09 A New Theory on Autism (Time.com)
"The brain region that drew the attention of the authors is known as the locus coeruleus, a small knot of neurons located in the brain stem. Not a lot of high-order processing goes on so deep in the brain's basement, but the locus coeruleus does govern the release of the neurotransmitter noradrenaline, which is critical in triggering arousal or alarm, as in the famed fight-or-flight response. Arousal also plays a role in our ability to pay attention you can't deal with the lion trying to eat you, after all, if you don't focus on it first. And attention, in turn, plays a critical role in such complex functions as responding to environmental cues and smoothly switching your concentration from one task to another. Those are abilities kids with autism lack."
"Certainly, many other parts of the brain govern concentration and attention, but the locus coeruleus does one other thing too: it regulates fever. Generations of parents of autistic kids have reported that when their child runs a fever, the symptoms of autism seem to abate. When the fever goes down, the symptoms return. In 2007, a paper in the journal Pediatrics reported on that phenomenon and confirmed that, yes, the parents' observations are right. What no one had done before, at least not formally, was tie it to the locus coeruleus that is, until Drs. Dominick Purpura and Mark Mehler of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine published the idea this week."
"Nobody recommends inducing fevers to kick-start the locus coeruleus, since that could lead to all manner of side effects and other ills. Instead, Mehler and Purpura believe the likeliest answer is in medications that target noradrenaline brain receptors." 04-09
- Can Kids Recover from Autism? (MSNBC News)
"Scientists study the small group of kids who seem to improve." 04-09
- -05-04-09 Early Signs of Autism (Time.com)
"Among the telltale signs of trouble at 12 months: not responding to one's name; not sharing interests through pointing and eye gaze; lack of joyful expression; an absence of babbling; difficulty establishing eye contact; and staring too long at inanimate objects (see FirstSigns.org for more early-warning signs)." 05-09
- -05-19-09 Genetic Marker for Autism Found (Time.com)
"The newly discovered autism-risk gene, identified by authors as CACNA1G, is more common in boys than in girls (why that's so is still not clear), and the authors suggest it plays a role in boys' increased risk of the developmental disorder." 05-09
- -12-05-09 Face Recognition in Babies May Help Diagnose Autism (ABC News)
"Nelson's work has shown that infants are capable of distinguishing happiness, fear, anger, sadness and disgust even before they can speak. Humans are especially good at recognizing fear." 12-09
- -11-02-10 Early Treatment for Autism (New York Times)
"The treatment is based on a daily therapy, the Early Start Denver Model, that is based on games and pretend play. It has been shown in randomized trials to significantly improve I.Q., language and social skills in toddlers with autism, and researchers say it has even greater potential if it can be started earlier."
- -New MRI May Test for Autism (AOLHealth.com)
"A new test that is not available to the public appears to allow doctors to spot autism more easily with the help of of an MRI scan. Researchers at McLean Hospital in Belmont, Mass., have determined that they can use MRI to detect high-functioning autism with 94 percent accuracy." 12-10
- -05-03-11 New Assessment of Autism (Time.com)
"There's been a lot of news recently about efforts to detect signs of autism in children earlier even before age 2, which is when doctors typically make the first diagnosis based on toddlers' behavior and development. (Read about these efforts here and here.) Now a new study sheds light on another key issue why autistic children tend to develop larger brains than those without the condition." 04-11
- -05-09-11 Study: One in 38 Children May Have Autism Spectrum Disorder (Time.com)
"In the first large-scale study of its kind, U.S. and South Korean researchers report that the rate of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may be significantly higher than previously thought, affecting as many as 1 in 38 children. The findings suggest that many youngsters may be going undiagnosed and untreated for the developmental disorder."
"In a study that involved students in both special needs and regular elementary schools in the Ilsan district of Goyang, South Korea, scientists led by Dr. Young Shin Kim at Yale University School of Medicine found that among 55,266 children aged 7 to 12, the rate of ASDs was 2.64% (or one case of ASD for every 38 youngsters). That percentage outstrips the current U.S estimate of 1 in 110 eight-year-olds around 1% a rate that has itself risen in recent years." 05-11
- -04-04-12 Diagnosis of Autism Through Mutant Genes (New York Times)
"Teams of scientists working independently to understand the biology of autism have for the first time homed in on several gene mutations that they agree sharply increase the chances that a child will develop the disorder, and have found further evidence that the risk increases with the age of the parents, particularly in fathers over age 35."
"There are probably hundreds, perhaps more than a thousand, gene variations that could disrupt brain development enough to result in social delays. An intensified search for rare mutations could turn up enough of these to account for 15 percent to 20 percent of all autism cases, some experts say, and allow researchers a chance to see patterns and some possible mechanisms to explain what goes awry."
"In one of the new studies, Dr. Matthew W. State, a professor of genetics and child psychiatry at Yale led a team that looked for de novo mutations in 200 people who had been given an autism diagnosis, as well as in parents and siblings who showed no signs of the disorder. The team found that two unrelated children with autism in the study had de novo mutations in the same gene and nothing similar in those without a diagnosis.
'That is like throwing a dart at a dart board with 21,000 spots and hitting the same once [sic] twice,' Dr. State said. 'The chances that this gene is related to autism risk is something like 99.9999 percent.' " 04-12
- -09-08-12 Autism and Bullying (CNN News)
"A new study finds that children with autism spectrum disorders are bullied far more often than their typically developing peers nearly five times as often but parents of autistic kids think the rate is even higher than that." 09-10
- -Genetic Link to Autism Found (Wall Street Journal)
"Scientists say that roughly 20% of autism cases can be linked to known genetic abnormalities, and many more may be discovered."
"Last week, for example, researchers reported that an experimental drug, arbaclofen, reduced social withdrawal and challenging behaviors in children and adults with Fragile X syndrome, the single most common genetic cause of autism."
"Researchers at the University of Melbourne, Australia, have developed a test that looks for 237 genetic markers called single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Some are thought to raise the risk of autism; others seem to protect against it. The test correctly predicted autism with more than 70% accuracy in people of Central European descent, but only 54% in those of Chinese descent, according to a study in the journal Molecular Psychiatry this month." 09-12
- -01-12-13 Miss America's First Contestant with Autism (Time.com)
"When Alexis Wineman, 18, takes the stage at the 2013 Miss America pageant this Saturday in Las Vegas, the reigning Miss Montana will become the first autistic contestant to compete for the crown. Diagnosed at the age of 11, Winemans platform is to raise awareness about the developmental disorder." 01-13
- -Individualized Education Plan (Autism Society of America)
Provides a comprehensive overview of an IEP, according to legislation and gives practical examples. 08-07
- Autism (About.com - Tilton)
Provides resources for parents to better deal with autism in their child. 3-01
- Autism (Autism Research Institute)
Provides resources for parents to better deal with autism in their child. 3-01
- Autism (Center for the Study of Autism)
Provides research information, articles on treatments, and resources for parents to better deal with autism or related disorders, such as Angelman Syndrome, Apraxia, Asperger's Syndrome, Attention Deficit Disorder, Fragile X Syndrome, Hyperlexia, Landau-Kleffner Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), Prader-Willi Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, and Williams Syndrome. 3-01
- Diagnosis of Autism (The British Journal of Psychiatry)
"Sixteen thousand children in the southeast of England were screened for autism by their health visitor or GP, during their routine 18-month-old developmental check-up, using the CHAT (Checklist for Autism in Toddlers)." 3-05
- Diagnosis of Autism (CureAutismNow.org)
"Currently, there is no single medical test that will definitively diagnose autism. Instead, the diagnosis is made on the basis of observable characteristics of the individual." 3-05
- Treatments for Autism (CureAutismNow.org)
"There is no single 'cure' for autism, and no one treatment that works for every child. Some treatments and therapies used to help individuals with autism have research proving their efficacy, others do not." 3-05
- Treatments for Autism (Association for Science in Autism Treatment)
"ASAT is committed to science as the most objective, time-tested and reliable approach to discerning between safe, effective autism treatments, and those that are harmful or ineffective. ASAT supports all scientifically sound research on the prevention, treatment and cure of autism, as well as all treatments for autism that are shown to be effective through solid scientific research, regardless of discipline or domain." 3-05
- Differences Between Asperger's and High Functioning Autism (Aspergers.com)
Describes how Asperger's Syndrome (or Disorder) is different from high functioning autism. 12-05.
- Study: Autism Linked to Gene (EarthTimes.org)
"There is evidence now that a mutation of a gene called PTEN could be the cause of at least some forms of autism, the disease that affects human behavior."
"Researchers at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas said they have been able to create mice with autism features by deleting PTEN in certain parts of the brain." 05-06
- Autism and Genes (MSNBC News)
"U.S. researchers said on Monday they had identified a genetic mutation that raises the risk of autism and could also explain some of the other symptoms seen in children with autism." 10-06
- Signs and Symptoms of Autism (MSNBC News)
"Children with autism and other autism spectrum disorders typically display a range of identifiable symptoms. By being aware of these signs, parents can help spot the disorder at an earlier age, which greatly improves a childs overall prognosis. Click on a category to learn more about the symptoms to watch for." 10-06
- "Shocking" School Takes on Severe Autism (ABC News)
"One of the most controversial schools in the country, the Judge Rotenberg Center (J.R.C.) tries to eliminate the use of psychotropic drugs, and instead uses aversive stimulation specifically behavioral skin shock to treat children and adults with the most severe cases of autism and emotional and behavioral challenges." 02-07
- Autism in Developmental Disabilities
- Autism News, Research, and Support (AutismSpeaks.org)
"Autism is a complex neurobiological disorder that typically lasts throughout a person's lifetime. It is part of a group of disorders known as autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Today, 1 in 150 individuals is diagnosed with autism, making it more common than pediatric cancer, diabetes, and AIDS combined. It occurs in all racial, ethnic, and social groups and is four times more likely to strike boys than girls. Autism impairs a person's ability to communicate and relate to others. It is also associated with rigid routines and repetitive behaviors, such as obsessively arranging objects or following very specific routines. Symptoms can range from very mild to quite severe." 10-10
- Autism Research and Treatment Advocates (AutismSpeaks.org)
"We are dedicated to funding global biomedical research into the causes, prevention, treatments, and cure for autism; to raising public awareness about autism and its effects on individuals, families, and society; and to bringing hope to all who deal with the hardships of this disorder. We are committed to raising the funds necessary to support these goals."
"Autism Speaks aims to bring the autism community together as one strong voice to urge the government and private sector to listen to our concerns and take action to address this urgent global health crisis. It is our firm belief that, working together, we will find the missing pieces of the puzzle." 04-08
- Living With Autism in a World Made for Others (CNN News)
"Amanda is part of a new generation of adults with autism. The Autism Society of America estimates that 600,000 adults are living with autism in the United States. That number will most likely skyrocket, given the CDC's recognition of an increase in the numbers of children with autism. The newest numbers suggest that one in every 150 children has autism." 04-08
- Guide to Autism (US News)
"Autism is a complex developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life, although it is sometimes diagnosed much later. It affects the brain's normal development of social and communication skills." 04-08
- Genes Give New Clues to Autism (ABC News)
"Harvard researchers have discovered half a dozen new genes involved in autism that suggest the disorder strikes in a brain that can't properly form new connections."
"The findings also may help explain why intense education programs do help some autistic children - because certain genes that respond to experience weren't missing, they were just stuck in the 'off' position."
"But the study's bigger message is that autism is too strikingly individual to envision an easy gene test for it. Instead, patients are turning out to have a wide variety, almost a custom set, of gene defects." 07-08
- Autism and Oxytocin (Time.com)
"Early studies of oxytocin's role in social interaction have yielded some interesting results. In a small 2006 experiment, Dr. Eric Hollander of New York's Mt. Sinai School of Medicine administered oxytocin and a placebo intravenously to 15 autistic adult patients; afterward, those who received oxytocin were better able to decipher emotions in tone of voice. Moreover, these improvements in social awareness lasted for nearly two weeks." 07-08
- Teaching Teens With Autism to Make Friends (U.S. News)
"Parents of the teenagers take separate classes in which they learn how to support their child's social efforts and help with "homework." At the end of 12 weeks, 33 teenagers ages 13 to 17 who participated in a study group were having more peer interactions outside of school and had increased the number of get-togethers they hosted. Their parents reported a significant increase in the children's social skills, and both parents and children reported better friendships, compared with a control group of teens who did not attend the classes." 04-09
- -04-25-09 Horse Therapy for Autism (CNN News)
"Autism specialists say that horse riding can be effective in gaining access to autistic children."
"Experts make a distinction between the kind of recreational therapeutic riding Isaacson was using with Rowan and hippotherapy, which is a medical treatment that uses horses and is supervised by a licensed speech-language pathologist."
" 'People perceive it's the interaction with the horse that's making the change. However, the movement of the horse is extremely powerful, and it's that movement that's having neurological impact on the autistic child,' said Ruth Dismuke-Blakely, a speech-language pathologist and hippotherapy clinical specialist in Edgewood, New Mexico." 04-09
- Vacationing with Autism (Time.com)
"A flood of emails later, I've compiled this list of tips for parents who might be ready to hit the beach and test the waters during Autism Awareness Month." 04-09
- -05-15-09 Adult Autism (Time.com)
"If recent estimates of prevalence by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are accurate, then 1 in 150 of today's children is autistic. That means we are in for a vast number of adult autistics most better adjusted than Noah, some as bad off who will be a burden to parents, siblings and, eventually, society."
"We are largely unprepared to deal with this crisis. Autism funding and research, so far, have predominantly focused on children." 05-09
- Family Services (AutismSpeaks.org)
"Autism Speaks is dedicated to providing information, tools, and resources to improve the lives of individuals and families affected by autism."
- Living Well With Autism Spectrum (Time.com)
"What happens when children with Asperger's grow up?"
"Valerie Gaus, a clinical psychologist in private practice on Long Island, has worked with adolescents and adults with autism for more than 15 years. Her new book, Living Well on the Spectrum, offers practical advice on coping with the high-functioning form of autism known as Asperger syndrome; affected people typically show passionate intellectual obsessions, oversensitivity to sensory experiences like bright lights and loud noises, and poor social skills." 04-11
- Early Signs of Autism (CBS News)
Provides early signs and recommends early evaluation if you see signs. 04-12
- Top Toys and Gifts for Children With Autism (CBS News)
"Children with autism, much like most children, gravitate to toys and activities for their entertainment, and parents have noticed their kids prefer certain games more than others. To find out the top gift and toy ideas for children with autism, MyAutismTeam recently surveyed 1000 of its members." 04-12
- Updates on Autism (CBS News)
Provides latest information on the diagnosis and treatment of autism. 04-12
- Brain Scans Reveal Autism (CBS News)
"No one is exactly sure what causes autism, but scientists may have found a way to spot the disorder in young children even earlier than before. A new study, out Friday in the American Journal of Psychiatry, found that children who develop autism have abnormalities on brain scans that can be detected long before obvious symptoms advance." 04-12
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