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- Science Fiction Authors
- Authors of Books (BookFinder4u.com)
Provides prices of books from 55 online bookstores. 1-04
- Literature by Nationality (About.com - Deter)
Provides well organized articles on literature by nationality, as well as by time periods. Includes a few authors, such as Shakespeare, Blake, and Chaucer. 3-00
- Rowling, J. K. (Gale Group)
Provides a biography of one of the most popular authors of modern times. She is particularly known for her Harry Potter series. 1-05
- Smart Tags - New Microsoft Offering on XP Version (NewsFactorNetwork - McNeill)
Describes Microsoft's new Smart Tags, included in its XP version of Office and Windows. In Office XP, Smart Tags will be active. In Windows XP, the user will need to turn Smart Tags on. Smart Tags allow Microsoft to place its choice of links to any word it wishes on anyone's Web pages or documents, without the authors' permission. For example, Microsoft could sell the word "education" so that every time a user of XP finds the word on anyone's Web pages or documents, the word "education" would link to Microsoft's customer. 6-01
- Flywheel and Gas Turbine-Powered Hybrid Cars (Scientific American - Rosen and Castleman)
Describes a car powered by a flywheel and a gas turbogenerator. The authors intend to manufacture and sell the car. 03-06
- Evolution, Creationism, and the Scientific Method (Theatres of Learning - Dalby and Stewart)
Provides a description of the scientific method and shows how the theory of evolution follows it. Shows that the "new earth" version of creationism violates the scientific method to reach its conclusions. Argues that, because the new earth version of scientific creationism violates the scientific method, it is not a scientific approach to discovering truth. Points out that belief in a creator is not in conflict with science, but some arguments of new earth creationism are in conflict with science.
Editor's Note - The authors claim (in the introduction) to be taking an impartial approach. This is true if the question is "Which approach, evolution or new earth creationism, conforms better with science?" The essay argues that the scientific method, not religious beliefs, should be the basis for comparing the theory of evolution with new earth creationism. However, new earth creationists argue that a literal translation of the Bible, not adherence to the scientific method, should be the basis for comparison. 9-05
- Presidential Personalities (American Psychological Association)
"As part of their The Personality and the President Project, psychologist Steven J Rubenzer, Ph.D., of Houston, Texas and co-authors Thomas Faschingbauer, Ph.D., of Richmond Texas and Deniz S. Ones, Ph.D., of the University of Minnesota, used several objective personality instruments to analyze the assessments made by more than one hundred presidential experts who were instructed to assess the lives of presidents they studied. The experts were instructed to look only at the five-year period before their respective subject became president to avoid the influence that life in the White House might have had on their behavior."
"Results of the research indicate that great presidents, besides being stubborn and disagreeable, are more extraverted, open to experience, assertive, achievement striving, excitement seeking and more open to fantasy, aesthetics, feelings, actions, ideas and values. Historically great presidents were low on straightforwardness, vulnerability and order."
"Achievement striving was found to be one of the best correlates of greatness in the oval office and competence was also a big predictor of presidential success." 12-03
- Cutting the Budget Deficit in Half (Center on Budget and Policy Priorities - Kogan and Coven)
"The Bush Administration has said it has a plan to cut the deficit in half in five years, as a percentage of GDP. However, this plan is likely to be largely a public relations gimmick. The Administration will print a budget that, on paper, has figures for the fifth year (2009) that show the deficit being cut in half. But that will only be possible because, as has been the case with previous Bush budgets, it omits major, costly items that the Administration favors and intends to request — later." The authors present what has been left off of budgets in the past. 1-04
- What Happened in Kerry's Vietnam Battles? (ABC News)
"In the controversy over Sen. John Kerry's service in Vietnam, Americans have heard from Kerry, from the crew of the Navy Swift boats he commanded and from other Swift boat veterans who question the official account of a 1969 incident for which Kerry was awarded a Silver Star. But there is one group they have not heard from: the Vietnamese who were there that day."
" 'Nightline' traveled to Vietnam and found a number of witnesses who have never been heard from before, and who have no particular ax to grind for or against Kerry. Only one of them, in fact, even knew who Kerry is. The witnesses, all Vietnamese, are still living in the same villages where the fighting took place more than 35 years ago. A 'Nightline' producer visited them and recorded their accounts of that day. The accounts were subsequently translated by a team of ABC News translators."
"His [Kerry's] awards should have been the most unassailable part of Kerry's record. But then came those campaign ads from the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth." The investigation by ABC news clearly indicated that the authors of the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth told false stories about what happened in Kerry's Vietnam battles. In fact, they were not even present during Kerry's battles.
Eyewitnesses commended Kerry displayed "extraordinary daring and personal courage for attacking a numerically superior force in the face of intense fire." 10-04
- Hobbit-Sized Ancient Humans Found (ABC News)
"Subsequent finds of other similarly sized, 3-foot-tall humans with brains the size of grapefruits in a cave on the Indonesian island of Flores suggest these 18,000-year-old specimens weren't a quirk of an ancient hominin, but part of an entire species of miniature people whose existence overlapped with that of modern Homo sapiens."
"Brown and the other authors suggest that the newly found species, named Homo floresiensis, arrived on the island of Flores, in Indonesia's Nusa Tenggara region, in the form of Homo erectus, the first large-brained hominin that emerged some 2 million years ago in Africa and Asia." 10-04
- Winfrey, Oprah (Achievement.org)
Provides an extended biography.
"Oprah Winfrey was named one of the 100 Most Influential People of the 20th Century by Time Magazine, and in 1998 received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Her influence extended to the publishing industry when she began an on-air book club. Oprah Book Club selections became instant bestsellers, and in 1999 she was presented with the National Book Foundation's 50th anniversary gold medal for her service to books and authors." 1-05
- Douglass, Frederick (Wikipedia.org)
"Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, c. 1818 – February 20, 1895) was an American abolitionist, editor, orator, author, statesman and reformer. Called 'The Sage of Anacostia' and 'The Lion of Anacostia,' Douglass was the most prominent African-American of his time, and one of the most influential lecturers and authors in American history." 8-05
- -11-09-05 Presidential Medal of Freedom Awards Bestowed (CBS News)
"Boxer Muhammad Ali led the roster of those honored by President Bush today with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the U.S. government's highest civilian award."
"The honorees included entertainers, athletes, authors, and hotelier Paul Rusesabagina, whose courage and compassion in sheltering people at the hotel he managed during the 1994 Rwandan genocide was depicted in the movie 'Hotel Rwanda.' " 11-05
- Organisms to Start Terraforming (Fogg)
"When a barren planet is in the process of being terraformed, there will come a point where the first life forms can be introduced into the natural environment. The implantation of this pioneering biosphere is often referred to as ecopoiesis. Initially, and perhaps well before plants and animals can be introduced, such a world is going to be suitable only for bacteria hardened to environmental extremes---the so called extremophiles. Here, we review some of the ecopoiesis candidates nominated by various authors. It's possible that one of the microscopic creatures described below could be the first terrestrial life form to truly colonize an alien world." 02-06
- -02-11-06 Saudi Cleric Urges Punishment for Publishers (USA Today)
"Saudi Arabia's top cleric called on the world's Muslims to reject apologies for the 'slanderous' caricatures of Islam's Prophet Mohammed and demanded the authors and publishers of the cartoons be tried and punished, Saudi newspapers reported Saturday." 02-06
- Report: Fish Farms "Devastate" Wild Fish (BBC News)
"Fish farms might seem a sensible alternative to over-fishing the world's oceans but a new report says they have a disastrous impact on both the environment and on stocks of wild fish."
"To make fish farming more sustainable worldwide, the authors recommend that farmed fish should be fed vegetable protein instead of fishmeal." 05-06
- -10-27-06 Vice-President Endorses Methods Regarded as War Crimes (MSNBC News)
"Dick Cheney, US vice-president, has endorsed the use of 'water boarding' for terror suspects and confirmed that the controversial interrogation technique was used on Khaled Sheikh Mohammed, the senior al-Qaeda operative now being held at Guantánamo Bay."
" '[It's] a direct affront to the primary authors of the Military Commission Act in the Senate — John McCain, Lindsey Graham and John Warner — all of whom have publicly stated that the legislation signed by the president last week makes water boarding a war crime,' said Jennifer Daskal, advocacy director at Human Rights Watch." 10-06
- Climate Report: Massive Extinctions Expected (MSNBC News)
"A key element of the second major report on climate change being released Friday in Belgium is a chart that maps out the effects of global warming with every degree of temperature rise, most of them bad."
"There’s one bright spot: A minimal heat rise means more food production in northern regions of the world."
"However, the number of species going extinct rises with the heat, as does the number of people who may starve, or face water shortages, or floods, according to the projections in the draft report obtained by The Associated Press."
"The final document will be the product of a United Nations network of 2,000 scientists as authors and reviewers, along with representatives of more than 120 governments as last-minute editors. It will be the second of a four-volume authoritative assessment of Earth’s climate released this year. The last such effort was in 2001." 03-07
- Arguments for Caution When Using Trees for Carbon Sequestration (Mongabay.com)
"Overall, about 20 percent more of the water provided by precipitation was removed by current tree farming, the study estimated. And additional planting of trees for carbon mitigation will likely have large impacts on water resources of many nations that net less than 30 percent of what precipitation provides for their total annual supplies of fresh water, the authors predicted." 07-08
- Study: Health Risks With Plastic in Bottles (MSNBC News)
" The first major study of health effects in people from a chemical used in plastic baby bottles, food cans and a host of other products links it with possible risks for heart disease and diabetes."
"It suggests a potential new concern about the safety of bisphenol A or BPA. And because of the possible public health implications, the results 'deserve scientific follow-up,' the study authors said."
"But the study is preliminary, far from proof that the chemical causes heart disease and diabetes. Two Dartmouth College analysts of medical research said the study raises questions but provides no answers about whether the ubiquitous chemical is harmful." 09-08
- Health Affairs Journal: Obama and McCain Differ on Health Care Coverage (MSNBC News)
"Obama wants the government to subsidize the cost of health coverage for millions who otherwise would have trouble affording it on their own. He also would also require all but small businesses to make a "meaningful" payment for health coverage of their workers or contribute a percentage of payroll toward the cost."
"McCain wants patients to have more control over their care and how their health care dollars are spent. His tax credit could help people buy insurance through their employer or directly from insurers in the individual market, licensed in any state."
"The assessment published in Health Affairs found McCain's plan could lead to employers declining to offer coverage if they know workers can get it elsewhere. The authors also said Obama's requirement for employers to contribute would lead to job losses or pay cuts." 10-08
- Darwin's Quest Was Motivated by His Faith (U.S. News)
"In an interview, one of the authors of Darwin's Sacred Cause argues Darwin was motivated by his faith." 02-09
- Study: A Third of Cancer Can Be Prevented (CBS News)
"Authors of a joint American-British study say about a third of the cancer cases reported every year in the United States could be prevented, 'through lifestyle.' "
"The researchers claim to have crafted the most systematic policy report ever on cancer prevention, using data already available from existing research on cancer risk and prevention." 02-09
- -Why Powerful People Overestimate Themselves (Time.com)
" 'By producing an illusion of personal control,' the authors write, 'power may cause people to lose touch with reality in ways that lead to overconfident decision-making.' " 03-09
- End Government Role in Marriage? (Time.com)
"In a paper published March 2 in the San Francisco Chronicle, two law professors from Pepperdine University issued a call to re-examine the role the government plays in marriage. The authors — one of whom voted for and one against Proposition 8, which ended gay marriage in California — say the best way out of the intractable legal wars over gay marriage is to take marriage out of the hands of the government altogether." 03-09
- -03-16-09 Red Cross: Torture Committed at CIA Sites (CBS News)
" 'This is clear evidence of torture, torture ordered by the most senior officials of government,' Kenneth Roth, executive director of Human Rights Watch, told CBS News."
,br>"Roth said that a thorough investigation into what happened - both at these sites and in the highest offices of government - is required. 'Some future presidents faced with a future security threat may resort to this kind of torture again, unless some kind of respected commission definitively repudiates it, and ideally the authors of this torture are brought to justice.' "
"The report follows an earlier ICRC report dated February 2004 about the treatment of prisoners by U.S. coalition forces in Iraq. It alleged 'serious violations of International Humanitarian Law,' including brutality, physical or psychological coercion during interrogation, prolonged solitary confinement, and excessive and disproportionate use of force 'resulting in death or injury.' " 03-09
- -04-08-09 A New Theory on Autism (Time.com)
"The brain region that drew the attention of the authors is known as the locus coeruleus, a small knot of neurons located in the brain stem. Not a lot of high-order processing goes on so deep in the brain's basement, but the locus coeruleus does govern the release of the neurotransmitter noradrenaline, which is critical in triggering arousal or alarm, as in the famed fight-or-flight response. Arousal also plays a role in our ability to pay attention — you can't deal with the lion trying to eat you, after all, if you don't focus on it first. And attention, in turn, plays a critical role in such complex functions as responding to environmental cues and smoothly switching your concentration from one task to another. Those are abilities kids with autism lack."
"Certainly, many other parts of the brain govern concentration and attention, but the locus coeruleus does one other thing too: it regulates fever. Generations of parents of autistic kids have reported that when their child runs a fever, the symptoms of autism seem to abate. When the fever goes down, the symptoms return. In 2007, a paper in the journal Pediatrics reported on that phenomenon and confirmed that, yes, the parents' observations are right. What no one had done before, at least not formally, was tie it to the locus coeruleus — that is, until Drs. Dominick Purpura and Mark Mehler of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine published the idea this week."
"Nobody recommends inducing fevers to kick-start the locus coeruleus, since that could lead to all manner of side effects and other ills. Instead, Mehler and Purpura believe the likeliest answer is in medications that target noradrenaline brain receptors." 04-09
- Obesity: Tips on Losing Pounds (U.S. News)
"A new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine emphasizes that principle; the mix of carbohydrates, fat, and protein in the four diets to which people were assigned didn't make a difference in whether they lost weight. One hopes this means an end to the interminable battles over whether the Atkins diet trumps a low-fat diet, for example, or whether either of those trumps the Zone diet. As the authors said about this and previous research:"
"These findings together point to behavioral factors rather than macronutrient metabolism as the main influences on weight loss . . . any type of diet, when taught for the purpose of weight loss with enthusiasm and persistence, can be effective."
"The bad news: Those pesky "behavioral factors," i.e., our penchant for eating too much and exercising too little, seem to win out over the enthusiastic and persistent teaching." 05-09
- -05-19-09 Genetic Marker for Autism Found (Time.com)
"The newly discovered autism-risk gene, identified by authors as CACNA1G, is more common in boys than in girls (why that's so is still not clear), and the authors suggest it plays a role in boys' increased risk of the developmental disorder." 05-09
- On Kindness (Time.com)
"Historian Barbara Taylor and psychoanalyst Adam Phillips don't believe that nice people finish last. In their new book, On Kindness, the authors employ history, social theory and psychoanalysis to chart how kindness has become a pejorative word over the years." 06-09
- Glaciers Are "A Canary in the Coal Mine" (CNN News)
"A 50-year government study found that the world's glaciers are melting at a rapid and alarming rate. The ongoing study is the latest in a series of reports that found glaciers worldwide are melting faster than anyone had predicted they would just a few years ago. It offers a clear indication of an accelerating climate change and warming earth, according to the authors." 08-09
- 9-11 Failures in Security and Truth (Rutgers.edu)
"The nation’s top-down command structure was abysmally ill-prepared to respond to the surprise attacks of September 11, 2001 and, as the bungled response to the much-anticipated Hurricane Katrina underscored, remains a bureaucratic hindrance to the “on the ground” way in which crises are actually experienced and most effectively addressed. Equally important, misleading accounts by the administration and the military of key aspects of the air and ground response on 9/11 have set the country up to fail in response to future threats."
"The Ground Truth draws on Farmer’s experience with the 9/11 Commission as well as recently declassified tapes and transcripts to show a disturbing disconnect between what those in charge of the country’s security knew and what was actually happening on the ground and in the skies. Dean Farmer, one of the principal authors of the 9/11 Commission Report, includes critical evidence omitted in recent reports by the Departments of Defense and Transportation. The Commission, believing that civilian and military officials had not been completely forthright in their information to Congress, the media, and the Commission itself about significant aspects of 9/11, had requested the reports." 09-09
- Across the Nation, Opposition to Mosques (New York Times)
"At one time, neighbors who did not want mosques in their backyards said their concerns were over traffic, parking and noise — the same reasons they might object to a church or a synagogue. But now the gloves are off."
"Feeding the resistance is a growing cottage industry of authors and bloggers — some of them former Muslims — who are invited to speak at rallies, sell their books and testify in churches. Their message is that Islam is inherently violent and incompatible with America."
"A two-year study by a group of academics on American Muslims and terrorism concluded that contemporary mosques are actually a deterrent to the spread of militant Islam and terrorism. The study was conducted by professors with Duke’s Sanford School of Public Policy and the University of North Carolina. It disclosed that many mosque leaders had put significant effort into countering extremism by building youth programs, sponsoring antiviolence forums and scrutinizing teachers and texts." 08-10
- Study: Romneycare Making People Healthier (Washington Post)
"In newly released research, Charles Courtemanche and Daniela Zapata ask perhaps the most important question about the Massachusetts health-care reforms: Did they improve health outcomes in Massachusetts?"
"The answer, which relies on self-reported health data, suggests they did. The authors document improvements in 'physical health, mental health, functional limitations, joint disorders, body mass index, and moderate physical activity.' ” 03-12
- -Study: Why There Is Lack of Empathy Between Republicans and Democrats (Time.com)
In an experiment related to thirst, researchers found that "people’s own thirst had no effect on their consideration for the hiker’s water needs, if the hiker was labeled as a political enemy."
"The finding is disheartening because it suggests that our prejudices affect the processing of our emotions on a deep and completely unconscious level. The authors write:"
"These consequences suggest a surprising limitation in our capacity to empathize with people we disagree with or differ from… Firsthand painful experiences apparently do not translate into appreciating similar pain felt by dissimilar others."
"This sad conclusion may help explain, at least in part, why politicians continue to talk past each other and fail to cooperate, even where there are obvious areas of agreement." 04-12
- -Scary New Math on Climate Change (Time.com)
"In the paper, which Time.com confirmed has been peer-reviewed, the authors show that extreme outliers of more than three standard deviations above the mean temperature covered between six and thirteen percent of the globe during the years 2003 to 2008. If they were normally distributed and similar to the climactic record, that should have been just a 0.1-to-0.2 percent frequency of an extreme heat event. (That’s about exactly as often as a perfect bell curve predicts they would occur.) Hansen dubs this difference a 'three-sigma anomaly,' for the Greek-letter symbol for standard deviation. And in the world of statistics, these anomalies represent a stunning 10-fold increase in extreme weather events." 05-12
- What Happened to the Men Who Signed the Declaration of Independence? (PBS.org)
"Journalists and authors Denise Kiernan and Joseph D'Agnese uncover the social, political and financial gamble signers faced in the aftermath of their decision to start a new nation in their book and a coming film." 07-12
- -UN Study of Happiest Nations (LiveScience.com)
"The report released this week represents a new measure of success for sustainable-development efforts, said one of the report authors John Helliwell of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research." 08-12
- Mammalian Ancestors of Humans Found (Time.com)
"Mammals have been around for hundreds of millions of years, but placentals for only tens of millions. Now a new paper just published in Science purports to pinpoint their, or rather, our, origins with impressive specificity. The great-great grandfather of us all, argue the authors, was a small, scurrying, insect-nibbling creature that arose a mere 200,000 to 400,000 years after the cataclysmic extinction event 65 million years ago that wiped out the dinosaurs (or, more precisely, the non-avian dinosaurs, since birds are now considered the one branch of the dinosaur family that survived)."
"This may seem like just a number to you and me but for paleontologists and evolutionary biologists, it’s something of a bombshell." 02-13
Provides reviews of new books and interviews with authors.
- -02-15-06 Patients Can Catch Hospital Errors (FREEP.com)
"A report released last week found that 12% of 2,032 medication errors reported in radiology tests caused harm or death to patients. That's seven times more than all medication errors reviewed in a large computer database between 2000 and 2004. The Medmarx Data Report is a voluntary system used by 315 hospitals to report medication errors."
"Too often, patients got the wrong drug, the wrong dose or no drug at all, or hospital employees failed to properly resume medicine that was stopped temporarily during testing, says John Santell of the U.S. Pharmacopeia's Center for Patient Safety, which conducted the analysis."
Editor's Note: In addition to recommendations by the authors of the article, patients (or their advocates) can create a checklist of medications and dosages when the doctor visits and then make sure each day that when medications are delivered that they match the checklist. 2-06
- -07-25-07 Study: Obesity is "Contagious" (Time Magazine)
"Wondering why your waistline is expanding? Have a look at those of your friends. Your close friends can influence your weight even more than genes or your family members, according to new research appearing in the July 26 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine. The study's authors suggest that obesity isn't just spreading; rather, it may be contagious between people, like a common cold." 07-07
- Online Libraries (Online University Lowdown)
Provides links to the 100 top online libraries, according to the authors. 04-09
- Foods that Help Prevent Acid Reflux (Health.com)
"In Dropping Acid: The Reflux Diet Cookbook & Cure, authors Jamie Koufman, MD, Jordan Stern, MD, and French master chef Marc Bauer take a healthy eating approach to reducing acid reflux." 04-11
- Time's Ten Greatest Books (Time.com)
"Let's not mince words: literary lists are basically an obscenity. Literature is the realm of the ineffable and the unquantifiable; lists are the realm of menus and laundry and rotisserie baseball. There's something unseemly and promiscuous about all those letters and numbers jumbled together. Take it from me, a critic who has committed this particular sin many times over."
"But what if—just for argument's sake—you got insanely rigorous about it. You went to all the big-name authors in the world—Franzen, Mailer, Wallace, Wolfe, Chabon, Lethem, King, 125 of them— and got each one to cough up a top-10 list of the greatest books of all time." 07-11
- No Child Left Behind - Scientifically Based Research (Education Commission of the States)
Defines "scientifically based research" for purposes of the NCLB legislation.
Editor's Note: The definition of "scientifically based research" reflects the views of the authors of the legislation but is not necessarily consistent with the views of the most respected and experienced evaluators and researchers in the field of education regarding best practices in research. 12-03
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