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  1. -Can Touching Your Toes Test Your Arteries? (New York Times)
      "How it is that stiff muscles in the back and legs are linked to stiff tissues near the heart is an issue that hasn’t been fully elucidated, Mr. Yamamoto says, although arterial walls are composed of the same kinds of elastic tissues as muscles elsewhere in the body. So it’s likely, he says, that alterations in the composition of muscle tissues in the lower back (including aging-related alterations in the amount of collagen within the muscles) could be occurring in the arterial walls at the same time."

      "What is surprising are some early indications that increasing your flexibility might somehow loosen up your arteries, too. That was the accidental and, as yet unreplicated finding of a small 2008 study at the University of Texas at Austin. The study was designed to examine whether weight lifting increased arterial stiffness. (It didn’t, at least on this occasion.) The control group consisted of people who stretched. They were not expected to show any change in cardiac function, but over the course of 13 weeks they in fact increased the pliability of their arteries by more than 20 percent." 12-09

  2. Coronary Artery Disease (
      Provides detailed information, listed by condition. 8-04

  3. Arteriosclerosis: Hardening of the Arteries (
      "Hardening of the arteries (arthrosclerosis) is a disorder in which arteries (blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to other parts of the body) become narrowed because fat (cholesterol deposits called atherosclerosis) is first deposited on the inside walls of the arteries, then becomes hardened by fibrous tissue and calcification (arteriosclerosis). As this plaque grows, it narrows the lumen of the artery (the space in the artery tubes), thereby reducing both the oxygen and blood supply to the affected organ (like the heart, eyes, kidney, legs, gut, or the brain). The plaque may eventually severely block the artery, causing death of the tissue supplied by the artery, for example, heart attack or stroke." 12-09

  4. Cholesterol Prevention (National Institutes of Health - NHLBI)
      Describes the role of cholesterol in the body and how to prevent excessive buildup in the arteries. 3-00

  5. 09-06-04 Bill Clinton's Heart Surgery Successful (CNN News)
      "Former President Clinton successfully underwent a quadruple coronary artery bypass operation Monday, his doctor said." 9-04

  6. Search for Art Works (
      Provides a search engine to find art works by title, painter, or museum. Also provides large examples of works, including oil paintings. Browse by movement, including Abstract Expressionism, Academic Art, The American Scene, Art Deco, Art Nouveau, Arte Povera, The Arts and Crafts Movement, The Ashcan School, The Barbizon School, Baroque Art, Bauhaus, Byzantine Art, Camden Town Group, Classicism, Contemporary Realism, Cubism, Dada, Der Blaue Reiter, Die Brücke, Die Neue Sachlichkeit, Expressionism, Fauvism, Fantasy Art, Futurism, Golden Age of Illustration, Gothic Art, The Group Of Seven, The Harlem Renaissance, History Painting, The Hudson River School, Impressionism, Magic Realism, Mannerism, Minimalism, Les Nabis, Neoclassicism, Neo-Plasticism, Op Art, Orientalism, Photorealism, Pointillism, Pop Art, Post-Impressionism, Precisionism, The Pre-Raphaelites, Realism, Regionalism, The Renaissance (including Early Renaissance, High Renaissance, Mannerism, and Northern Renaissance), The Rococo Style, Romanticism, The Sensation Show, Social Realism, Surrealism, Symbolism, Ukiyo-e Printmaking, Western Art, and Wildlife Art. 01-06

  7. -10-17-05 Poor Planning a Problem (BBC News)
      "The massive relief effort coordinated in Pakistan - especially in the private sector - has choked the road network across Kashmir."

      "On the road to Bagh from Murree - the main artery linking the Bagh valley in the Pakistan-controlled Kashmir to the rest of the country - dozens of ambulances carrying critically wounded people were stuck in what seemed to be interminable traffic jams."

      "The Pakistan army has set up a medical camp in the town of Bagh - but it is desperately short on orthopaedic implants and related medical supplies which, say local doctors, have now emerged as the most urgent need." 10-05

  8. Fries Vary in their Tans Fat Content (USA Today)
      "Americans are being served artery-clogging trans fats by food providers who should know better, a national consumer group says." 02-06

  9. New Sinus Treatment Offers Hope (ABC News)
      "The procedure, called balloon sinuplasty, opens sinus cavities the same way doctors open clogged arteries when they do a balloon angioplasty."

      "After the sinuplasty, the sinus openings become significantly wider. In most cases, they stay that way, because the balloon has actually fractured the bones and spread them apart — all without pain." 04-06

  10. -04-09-06 Fat-Busting Lasers (
      "A technique developed by American scientists could lead to fat-related conditions, including arterial heart disease, being melted away by high-intensity beams." 04-06

  11. Best Practices for Heart Care Clarified (
      "People should receive angioplasties to unclog arteries in the first 90 minutes following a heart attack, though they often don't receive the treatment in time, the American Heart Association said at a recent meeting. An expert discusses this and other recommendations." 11-06

  12. Study: Drugs Work as Well as Stents in Non-Emergency Situation (PBS News)
      "A new study has found that the use of drugs and stents, which are tiny metal scaffolds placed in clogged arteries, may be no better than using drugs alone in non-emergency situations. Two cardiologists discuss the findings." 03-07

  13. -10-03-07 Nation Preparing for Three Large Terrorism Simulations (CBS News)
      "The nation is preparing for its biggest terrorism exercise ever next week when three fictional 'dirty bombs' go off and cripple transportation arteries in two major U.S. cities and Guam, according to a document obtained by The Associated Press." 10-07

  14. -02-15-10 New Insights Gained on Aging (
      "Spector and Samani say that understanding the components that determine telomere length may one day help researchers devise new treatments for age-related diseases, particularly heart disease (the study was partially funded by the British Heart Foundation). "I see in my practice 80-year-olds with healthy coronary arteries and 40-year-olds with heart disease. We may be on our way to explaining the genetic component in the explanation for why this is so, and so expanding our knowledge of the disease and how to treat it," he says." 02-10

  15. Pulmonary Hypertension (
      "High blood pressure in the arteries that supply the lungs is called pulmonary hypertension (PHT)." 6-05

  16. Definition of a Stroke (
      "Strokes, or brain attacks, are a major cause of death and permanent disability. They occur when blood flow to a region of the brain is obstructed and may result in death of brain tissue."

      "There are two main types of stroke: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic stroke is caused by blockage in an artery that supplies blood to the brain, resulting in a deficiency in blood flow (ischemia). Hemorrhagic stroke is caused by the bleeding of ruptured blood vessels (hemorrhage) in the brain."

      "During ischemic stroke, diminished blood flow initiates a series of events (called ischemic cascade) that may result in additional, delayed damage to brain cells. Early medical intervention can halt this process and reduce the risk for irreversible complications." 10-05

  17. Progeria Syndrome Diagnosis (NIH)
      "Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by the dramatic, rapid appearance of aging beginning in childhood. Affected children typically look normal at birth and in early infancy, but then grow more slowly than other children and develop a characteristic facial appearance, hair loss (alopecia), aged-looking skin, and severe hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis)." 07-06

  18. New Heart Attack Tests Recommended (CBS News)
      "It's time to change the way doctors predict heart attacks and stroke, says a group of prominent cardiologists. They call for routine use of CT scans to directly measure artery-clogging plaque, or ultrasounds to directly measure narrowing of the arteries."

      According to Naghavi, " 'For the very first time in heart medicine, we now have a test that can show someone has up to a 65-fold increased risk of a heart attack,' he says. 'With the traditional risk factors, the biggest risk is high cholesterol, which has only up to 4.5-fold increased risk. So you can see how much of a jump in prediction we get from this.' ” 07-06

  19. Village Provides a Medical Mystery (ABC News)
      "In the foothills of the Italian Alps is a tiny village that may hold a clue to a medical mystery that has challenged researchers for centuries. Despite indulging in an artery-clogging diet that could make even an Italian grandmother cringe, the 400 or so residents of tiny Stoccareddo, Italy, have virtually no heart disease or diabetes, and often live into their 90s." 02-07

  20. Going Abroad to Save (U.S. News)
      "Low-budget dentistry, Botox-ing, lipo, and other cosmetic work have for years drawn Americans into Mexico and to other Latin American countries. But the growth in serious elective surgery halfway around the world is new. Josef Woodman, who publishes the Patients Beyond Borders series of guidebooks to finding good care, thinks about 50,000 patients a year leave the country for major noncosmetic elective procedures such as joint replacement, coronary artery bypass, new or repaired heart valves, or back repair."

      "Many, like Barnum, do the legwork on their own. But concierge services like and are multiplying, to help with lists of potential hospitals, appointment scheduling, arranging airport pickup and drop-off, and general hand-holding. (Information from Woodman's annual hospital survey has been incorporated into the World Hospital Finder, a U.S. News search tool for people who are seeking care abroad.)" Also see "plastic surgery." 04-08

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