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  1. -10-03-13 Fight Arthritis with Broccoli (WorldHealth.net)
      "Cruciferous vegetables – such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cabbage – are a rich source of sulforaphane, a compound for which previous studies suggest an anti-inflammatory effect. Ian Clark, from the University of East Anglia (United Kingdom), and colleagues have shown that sulforaphane slows down the destruction of cartilage in joints associated with painful and often debilitating osteoarthritis."

  2. Arthritis (About.com - Eustice)
      Provides core reference resources for arthritis. 3-01

  3. Arthritis - Drugs for Treatment (About.com - Eustice)
      Describes the most common medications used with arthritis. 3-01

  4. Arthritis (Healthopedia.com)
      Provides detailed information, listed by condition. 8-04

  5. -04-18-07 Study: Chondroitin Not Very Effective for Joint Pain (ABC)
      "The study, called a meta-analysis, combines data from 20 prior studies examining the benefits of chondroitin on knee or hip arthritis."

      "What the analysis found was that chondroitin was only minimally beneficial, if at all, in treating joint pain from arthritis and should not be recommended as treatment." 04-07

  6. -Study: Curry Spice Kills Cancer (BBC News)
      "An extract found in the bright yellow curry spice turmeric can kill off cancer cells, scientists have shown."

      "The chemical - curcumin - has long been thought to have healing powers and is already being tested as a treatment for arthritis and even dementia." 10-09

  7. Is Running Really Bad for the Knees? (Time.com)
      "The common wisdom is that regular running or vigorous sport-playing during youth subjects the joints to so much wear and tear that it increases a person's risk of developing osteoarthritis later in life. Studies have suggested that may be at least partly true: in one study of about 5,000 women published in 1999, researchers found that women who actively participated in heavy physical sports in their teenage years, or weight-bearing activities in middle age, had a higher than average risk of developing hip osteoarthritis by age 50."

      "But over the past few years an emerging body of research has begun to show the opposite, especially when it comes to running. Not only is there no connection between running and arthritis, the new studies say, but running — and perhaps regular, vigorous exercise generally — may even help protect people from joint problems later on." 12-09

  8. Beta Glucans (WebMD.com)
      "Beta glucans are used for high cholesterol, diabetes, cancer, and HIV/AIDS. Beta glucans are also used to boost the immune system in people whose body defenses have been weakened by conditions such chronic fatigue syndrome, or physical and emotional stress; or by treatments such as radiation or chemotherapy. Beta glucans are also used for colds (common cold), flu (influenza), H1N1 (swine) flu, allergies, hepatitis, Lyme disease, asthma, ear infections, aging, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis."

      "People apply beta glucans to the skin for dermatitis, eczema, wrinkles, bedsores, wounds, burns, diabetic ulcers, and radiation burns." 07-10

  9. -Common Painkillers Increase Health Risks (AARP.com)
      "Healthy adults who reach for common painkillers to ease the twinges of everyday aches and pains could be setting themselves up for a heart attack or stroke, according to recent research."

      "The painkillers are widely used to ease the discomfort of everything from arthritis to headaches and muscle strains. Five such drugs were included in the study: ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), diclofenac (Cataflam, Voltaren), naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox), celecoxib (Celebrex) and rofecoxib (Vioxx), which was taken off the market in 2004 because of heart risks." 07-10

  10. Vitamin D: You May Have a Serious Vitamin D Deficiency (New York Times)
      "Studies indicate that the effects of a vitamin D deficiency include an elevated risk of developing (and dying from) cancers of the colon, breast and prostate; high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease; osteoarthritis; and immune-system abnormalities that can result in infections and autoimmune disorders like multiple sclerosis, Type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis."

      "Most people in the modern world have lifestyles that prevent them from acquiring the levels of vitamin D that evolution intended us to have." 07-10

  11. -01 Breakthrough in Understanding Disease (New York Times)
      "The findings, which are the fruit of an immense federal project involving 440 scientists from 32 laboratories around the world, will have immediate applications for understanding how alterations in the non-gene parts of DNA contribute to human diseases, which may in turn lead to new drugs. They can also help explain how the environment can affect disease risk. In the case of identical twins, small changes in environmental exposure can slightly alter gene switches, with the result that one twin gets a disease and the other does not."

      "As scientists delved into the 'junk' — parts of the DNA that are not actual genes containing instructions for proteins — they discovered a complex system that controls genes. At least 80 percent of this DNA is active and needed. The result of the work is an annotated road map of much of this DNA, noting what it is doing and how. It includes the system of switches that, acting like dimmer switches for lights, control which genes are used in a cell and when they are used, and determine, for instance, whether a cell becomes a liver cell or a neuron."

      "In one of the Nature papers, researchers link the gene switches to a range of human diseases — multiple sclerosis, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, celiac disease — and even to traits like height. In large studies over the past decade, scientists found that minor changes in human DNA sequences increase the risk that a person will get those diseases. But those changes were in the junk, now often referred to as the dark matter — they were not changes in genes — and their significance was not clear. The new analysis reveals that a great many of those changes alter gene switches and are highly significant."

      " 'Most of the changes that affect disease don’t lie in the genes themselves; they lie in the switches,' said Michael Snyder, a Stanford University researcher for the project, called Encode, for Encyclopedia of DNA Elements." 09-12

  12. Vioxx Facts (ABC News)
      "Pharmaceutical giant Merck & Co. pulled its anti-inflammatory drug Vioxx off the shelves today in a voluntary recall after a clinical trial found patients using the drug had an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes. The following are some facts on the once-popular medication."

      "Vioxx is the name Merck & Co. gave to rofecoxib, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) developed by the company in the 1990s."

      "Vioxx is classified as a COX-2 inhibitor, a type of pain relief that works by inhibiting an enzyme (cyclooxygenase) involved in inflammation."

      "In September 2004, the FDA approved Vioxx for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, the first COX-2 inhibitor to be approved for JRA." 10-04

  13. Knee Joint Treatment (Synvisc.com)
      "Generally, most people experience maximum pain relief 8-10 weeks after starting SYNVISC treatment. The full course of 3 injections is needed for maximum benefit." Awesome Library does not endorse this treatment but provides it as an example. 10-08

  14. Gout Treatment (U.S. News)
      "Gout develops when too much uric acid accumulates in the blood, soft tissues, or joints. Uloric, made by Takeda Pharmaceutical, works by lowering these levels. Compounds called purines, which can increase levels of uric acid in the body, are abundant in beer, red meat, and seafood, including shellfish. That's why those foods should be avoided. Gout is a 'severe [form of] arthritis that . . . usually involves just a single joint,' says N. Lawrence Edwards, a professor of medicine at the University of Florida and CEO of the Chicago-based nonprofit group called the Gout and Uric Acid Education Society who has served as a consultant for Takeda and other drug companies." 3-09

  15. Hip Treatment (Health Library)
      "Hip replacement, also called arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace a damaged hip with a prosthesis (an artificial joint). This surgery may be considered following a hip fracture (breaking of the bone) or for someone who has severe arthritis."

  16. Foods That Are Good for Joints (RealAge.com)
      "Easing arthritis symptoms isn't just about exercise and pills. The foods you eat could help joints with osteoarthritis feel better, too."

      "Still, quite a bit of promising research has shown that certain foods and nutrients may help ease osteoarthritis symptoms. More study is needed to confirm the results, but since most of the foods studied to date are good for you anyway, incorporating some of them into your diet could be a great way to support your current treatment program. And in the end, you may boost your overall health as well." 09-10

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